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14
Rational Term Rewriting
, 1998
"... . Rational terms (possibly infinite terms with finitely many subterms) can be represented in a finite way via terms, that is, terms over a signature extended with selfinstantiation operators. For example, f ! = f(f(f(: : :))) can be represented as x :f(x) (or also as x :f(f(x)), f(x :f(x)), ..."
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Cited by 21 (12 self)
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. Rational terms (possibly infinite terms with finitely many subterms) can be represented in a finite way via terms, that is, terms over a signature extended with selfinstantiation operators. For example, f ! = f(f(f(: : :))) can be represented as x :f(x) (or also as x :f(f(x)), f(x :f(x)), . . . ). Now, if we reduce a term t to s via a rewriting rule using standard notions of the theory of Term Rewriting Systems, how are the rational terms corresponding to t and to s related? We answer to this question in a satisfactory way, resorting to the definition of infinite parallel rewriting proposed in [7]. We also provide a simple, algebraic description of term rewriting through a variation of Meseguer's Rewriting Logic formalism. 1 Introduction Rational terms are possibly infinite terms with a finite set of subterms. They show up in a natural way in Theoretical Computer Science whenever some finite cyclic structures are of concern (for example data flow diagrams, cyclic te...
Equational axioms for probabilistic bisimilarity
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF 9TH AMAST, LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2002
"... This paper gives an equational axiomatization of probabilistic bisimulation equivalence for a class of finitestate agents previously studied by Stark and Smolka ((2000) Proof, Language, and Interaction: Essays in Honour of Robin Milner, pp. 571595). The axiomatization is obtained by extending ..."
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Cited by 18 (0 self)
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This paper gives an equational axiomatization of probabilistic bisimulation equivalence for a class of finitestate agents previously studied by Stark and Smolka ((2000) Proof, Language, and Interaction: Essays in Honour of Robin Milner, pp. 571595). The axiomatization is obtained by extending the general axioms of iteration theories (or iteration algebras), which characterize the equational properties of the fixed point operator on (#)continuous or monotonic functions, with three axiom schemas that express laws that are specific to probabilistic bisimilarity.
Algebra of Flownomials; Part 1: Binary Flownomials; Basic Theory
"... ' morphism for connecting flowgraphs are used in [CaU82] and in all of our subsequent papers on flowchart schemes and flownomials, see [Ste87a, Ste87b, CaS88a, CaS90a, CaS92]. This chapter folows Chapter B, sec. 36 of [Ste91]. The main result is based on a series of papers dealing with the algebra ..."
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Cited by 15 (0 self)
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' morphism for connecting flowgraphs are used in [CaU82] and in all of our subsequent papers on flowchart schemes and flownomials, see [Ste87a, Ste87b, CaS88a, CaS90a, CaS92]. This chapter folows Chapter B, sec. 36 of [Ste91]. The main result is based on a series of papers dealing with the algebraization of flowchart schemes, including [CaU82, BlEs85, Ste86/90, Bar87a, CaS88a, CaS90b]. With different sets of operators various algebras for flowgraphs appear in [Mil79, Parr87, CaS90b, CaS88b]. In the classical algebraic calculus for regular languages it is often the case that certain abstract semirings are used instead of the Boolean f0; 1g semiring, e.g. by using formal series with such coefficients. 5 This property is similar to the universal property of the polynomials over a ring. Chapter 6 Graph isomorphism with various constants In this chapter we extend the axiomatistion for flowgraphs modulo isomorphism to the case where more constants for generating relations are present i...
Distributive laws for the coinductive solution of recursive equations
 Information and Computation
"... This paper illustrates the relevance of distributive laws for the solution of recursive equations, and shows that one approach for obtaining coinductive solutions of equations via infinite terms is in fact a special case of a more general approach using an extended form of coinduction via distributi ..."
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Cited by 12 (1 self)
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This paper illustrates the relevance of distributive laws for the solution of recursive equations, and shows that one approach for obtaining coinductive solutions of equations via infinite terms is in fact a special case of a more general approach using an extended form of coinduction via distributive laws. 1
Rewriting On Cyclic Structures: Equivalence Between The Operational And The Categorical Description
, 1999
"... . We present a categorical formulation of the rewriting of possibly cyclic term graphs, based on a variation of algebraic 2theories. We show that this presentation is equivalent to the wellaccepted operational definition proposed by Barendregt et aliibut for the case of circular redexes, fo ..."
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Cited by 12 (6 self)
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. We present a categorical formulation of the rewriting of possibly cyclic term graphs, based on a variation of algebraic 2theories. We show that this presentation is equivalent to the wellaccepted operational definition proposed by Barendregt et aliibut for the case of circular redexes, for which we propose (and justify formally) a different treatment. The categorical framework allows us to model in a concise way also automatic garbage collection and rules for sharing/unsharing and folding/unfolding of structures, and to relate term graph rewriting to other rewriting formalisms. R'esum'e. Nous pr'esentons une formulation cat'egorique de la r'e'ecriture des graphes cycliques des termes, bas'ee sur une variante de 2theorie alg'ebrique. Nous prouvons que cette pr'esentation est 'equivalente `a la d'efinition op'erationnelle propos'ee par Barendregt et d'autres auteurs, mais pas dons le cas des radicaux circulaires, pour lesquels nous proposons (et justifions formellem...
Coalgebraic Monads
, 2002
"... This paper introduces coalgebraic monads as a unified model of term algebras covering fundamental examples such as initial algebras, final coalgebras, rational terms and term graphs. We develop a general method for obtaining finitary coalgebraic monads which allows us to generalise the notion of rat ..."
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Cited by 7 (5 self)
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This paper introduces coalgebraic monads as a unified model of term algebras covering fundamental examples such as initial algebras, final coalgebras, rational terms and term graphs. We develop a general method for obtaining finitary coalgebraic monads which allows us to generalise the notion of rational term and term graph to categories other than Set. As an application we sketch part of the correctness of the the term graph implementation of functional programming languages.
The category theoretic solution of recursive program schemes
 Proc. First Internat. Conf. on Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science (CALCO 2005), Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 2006
"... Abstract. This paper provides a general account of the notion of recursive program schemes, studying both uninterpreted and interpreted solutions. It can be regarded as the categorytheoretic version of the classical area of algebraic semantics. The overall assumptions needed are small indeed: worki ..."
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Cited by 7 (2 self)
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Abstract. This paper provides a general account of the notion of recursive program schemes, studying both uninterpreted and interpreted solutions. It can be regarded as the categorytheoretic version of the classical area of algebraic semantics. The overall assumptions needed are small indeed: working only in categories with “enough final coalgebras ” we show how to formulate, solve, and study recursive program schemes. Our general theory is algebraic and so avoids using ordered, or metric structures. Our work generalizes the previous approaches which do use this extra structure by isolating the key concepts needed to study substitution in infinite trees, including secondorder substitution. As special cases of our interpreted solutions we obtain the usual denotational semantics using complete partial orders, and the one using complete metric spaces. Our theory also encompasses implicitly defined objects which are not usually taken to be related to recursive program schemes. For example, the classical Cantor twothirds set falls out as an interpreted
Equations on Trees
 Proceedings MFCS'96. Lecture Notes in Computer Science n.1113
, 1996
"... . We introduce the notion of equation on trees, generalizing the corresponding notion for words, and we develop the first steps of a theory of tree equations. The main result of the paper states that, if a pair of trees is the solution of a tree equation with two indeterminates, then the two trees a ..."
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Cited by 4 (4 self)
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. We introduce the notion of equation on trees, generalizing the corresponding notion for words, and we develop the first steps of a theory of tree equations. The main result of the paper states that, if a pair of trees is the solution of a tree equation with two indeterminates, then the two trees are both powers of the same tree. As an application, we show that a tree can be expressed in a unique way as a power of a primitive tree. This extends a basic result of combinatorics on words to trees. Some open problems are finally proposed. 1 Introduction In this paper we are mainly concerned with kary trees whose vertices are labeled by letters of an alphabet A. We look at a labeled kary tree as a generalization of a word, in the sense that words correspond to the particular case of k = 1, i.e. to unary trees. a a b c b a b a c b A binary tree A word Given that combinatorics on words is a well developed theory, with several applications to computer science, it appears to be a natural ...
Generalizing Substitution
, 2003
"... It is well known that, given an endofunctor H on a category C, the initial (A + H−)algebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of (wellfounded) Hterms over different variable supplies A, give rise to a monad with substitution as the extension operation (the free monad induced by the functor H). Mo ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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It is well known that, given an endofunctor H on a category C, the initial (A + H−)algebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of (wellfounded) Hterms over different variable supplies A, give rise to a monad with substitution as the extension operation (the free monad induced by the functor H). Moss [17] and Aczel, Adámek, Milius and Velebil [2] have shown that a similar monad, which even enjoys the additional special property of having iterations for all guarded substitution rules (complete iterativeness), arises from the inverses of the final (A + H−)coalgebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of nonwellfounded Hterms. We show that, upon an appropriate generalization of the notion of substitution, the same can more generally be said about the initial T ′ (A, −)algebras resp. the inverses of the final T ′ (A, −)coalgebras for any endobifunctor T ′ on any category C such that the functors T ′ (−,X) uniformly carry a monad structure.
Relating Two Approaches to Coinductive Solution of Recursive Equations
 Milius (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Coalgebraic Methods in Computer Science, CMCS’04 (Barcelona, March 2004), Electron. Notes in Theoret. Comput. Sci
, 2004
"... This paper shows that the approach of [2,12] for obtaining coinductive solutions of equations on infinite terms is a special case of a more general recent approach of [4] using distributive laws. ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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This paper shows that the approach of [2,12] for obtaining coinductive solutions of equations on infinite terms is a special case of a more general recent approach of [4] using distributive laws.