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Conflict and Mediation Event Observations (CAMEO): A New Event Data Framework for the Analysis of Foreign Policy Interactions
- of Foreign Policy Interactions.” Paper presented at the International Studies Association , 2002
"... The Conflict and Mediation Events Observations (CAMEO) framework is a new event data coding scheme optimized for the study of third-party mediation in international disputes. We have developed and implemented this system using the TABARI automated coding program and have generated data sets for the ..."
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The Conflict and Mediation Events Observations (CAMEO) framework is a new event data coding scheme optimized for the study of third-party mediation in international disputes. We have developed and implemented this system using the TABARI automated coding program and have generated data sets for the Balkans (1989-2002; N=69,620), Levant (1979-2002; N=146,283), and West Africa (1989-2002; N=17,468) from Reuters and Agence France Presse reports. In this paper, we describe why we decided to develop a new coding system, rather than continuing to use the World Events Interaction Survey (WEIS) framework that we have used in earlier work. Our decision involved both known weaknesses in the WEIS system and some additional problems that we have found occur when WEIS is coded using automated methods. We have addressed these problems in constructing CAMEO and have produced much more completed documentation than has been available for WEIS. In the second half of the paper, we make several statistical comparisons of CAMEO-coded and WEIScoded data in the three geographical regions. When the data are aggregated to a general behavioral level---verbal cooperation, material cooperation, verbal conflict and material conflict---most of the data sets show a high correlation (r>0.90) in the number of WEIS and CAMEO events coded per month. However, as we expected, CAMEO consistently picks up a greater number of events involving material cooperation. Finally, there is a very significant correlation (r>0.57) between the count of CAMEO events specifically dealing with mediation and negotiation and a pattern-based measure of mediation we developed earlier from WEIS data. Appendices in the paper show the WEIS and CAMEO coding framework and examples from the CAMEOcodebook.