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Maude as a Formal MetaTool
 FM’99 — Formal Methods, World Congress on Formal Methods in the Development of Computing Systems
, 1999
"... Given the different perspectives from which a complex software system has to be analyzed, the multiplicity of formalisms is unavoidable. This poses two important technical challenges: how to rigorously meet the need to interrelate formalisms, and how to reduce the duplication of effort in tool a ..."
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Cited by 34 (13 self)
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Given the different perspectives from which a complex software system has to be analyzed, the multiplicity of formalisms is unavoidable. This poses two important technical challenges: how to rigorously meet the need to interrelate formalisms, and how to reduce the duplication of effort in tool and specification building across formalisms. These challenges could be answered by adequate formal metatools that, when given the specification of a formal inference system, generate an efficient inference engine, and when given a specification of two formalisms and a translation, generate an actual translator between them. Similarly, module composition operations that are logicindependent, but that at present require costly implementation efforts for each formalism, could be provided for logics in general by module algebra generator metatools. The foundations of metatools of this kind can be based on a metatheory of general logics. Their actual design and implementation can be based on appropriate logical frameworks having efficient implementations. This paper explains how the reflective logical framework of rewriting logic can be used, in conjunction with an efficient reflective implementation such as the Maude language, to design formal metatools such as those described above. The feasibility of these ideas and techniques has been demonstrated by a number of substantial experiments in which new formal tools and new translations between formalisms, efficient enough to be used in practice, have been generated. 1
Structured Theories and Institutions
, 1999
"... Category theory provides an excellent foundation for studying structured specifications and their composition. For example, theories can be structured together in a diagram, and their composition can be obtained as a colimit. There is, however, a growing awareness, both in theory and in specificatio ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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Category theory provides an excellent foundation for studying structured specifications and their composition. For example, theories can be structured together in a diagram, and their composition can be obtained as a colimit. There is, however, a growing awareness, both in theory and in specification practice, that structured theories should not be viewed just as the "scaffolding" used to build unstructured theories: they should become firstclass citizens in the specification process. Given a logic formalized as an institution I, we therefore ask whether there is a good definition of the category of Istructured theories, and whether they can be naturally regarded as the ordinary theories of an appropriate institution S(I) generalizing the original institution I. We answer both question in the affirmative, and study good properties of the institution I inherited by S(I). We show that, under natural conditions, a number of important properties are indeed inherited, including cocompleteness of the category of theories, liberality, and extension of the basic framework by freeness constraints. The results presented here have been used as a foundation for the module algebra of the Maude language, and seem promising as a semantic basis for a generic module algebra that could be both specified and executed within the logical framework of rewriting logic. 1
Formal Interoperability
, 1998
"... this paper I briefly sketch recent work on metalogical foundations that seems promising as a conceptual basis on which to achieve the goal of formal interoperability. Specificaly, I will briefly discuss: ..."
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Cited by 13 (3 self)
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this paper I briefly sketch recent work on metalogical foundations that seems promising as a conceptual basis on which to achieve the goal of formal interoperability. Specificaly, I will briefly discuss:
Foundations of Heterogeneous Specification
"... We provide a semantic basis for heterogeneous specifications that not only involve different logics, but also different kinds of translations between these. We show that Grothendieck institutions based on spans of (co)morphisms can serve as a unifying framework providing a simple but powerful semant ..."
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Cited by 10 (3 self)
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We provide a semantic basis for heterogeneous specifications that not only involve different logics, but also different kinds of translations between these. We show that Grothendieck institutions based on spans of (co)morphisms can serve as a unifying framework providing a simple but powerful semantics for heterogeneous specification.
A Systematic Study of Mappings between Institutions
 Recent Trends in Algebraic Development Techniques, volume 1376 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 1998
"... . Concerning different notions of mappings between institutions, we believe that the current state of the art is somehow unsatisfactory. On the one hand because of the variety of different concepts proposed in the literature. On the other hand because of the apparent lack of a suitable basis to form ..."
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Cited by 6 (1 self)
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. Concerning different notions of mappings between institutions, we believe that the current state of the art is somehow unsatisfactory. On the one hand because of the variety of different concepts proposed in the literature. On the other hand because of the apparent lack of a suitable basis to formally discuss about what they mean and how they relate to each other. In this paper we aim at a systematic study of some of the most important notions of these mappings by proposing a methodology based on the concept of power institutions. Firstly, power institutions allow the investigation of the entire logical structure of an institution along these mappings, i.e., the satisfaction relation together with the satisfaction condition. Secondly, they allow this investigation in a systematic way, i.e., the transformation of the institutional logical structure can be described by means of simpler, more elementary transformations or units which are themselves also power institutions. These units ...
A Rewriting Implementation of picalculus
, 1996
"... . We introduce a rewriting implementation of the reduction relation of ßcalculus and prove its correctness. The implementation is based on terms with De Bruijn indices and an explicit substitution operator. The resulting rewrite rules need to be applied modulo a large and complex equational theory, ..."
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Cited by 5 (0 self)
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. We introduce a rewriting implementation of the reduction relation of ßcalculus and prove its correctness. The implementation is based on terms with De Bruijn indices and an explicit substitution operator. The resulting rewrite rules need to be applied modulo a large and complex equational theory, and are only of theoretical interest. Applying the coherence techniques introduced in a previous paper, we transform this specification into an equivalent one that only requires rewriting modulo associativity and commutativity. This latter rewrite system can then be straightforwardly encoded in currently available rewritingbased programming languages. Finally, we sketch a possible application of this implementation as the basis for adding inputoutput capabilities to such languages. 1 Introduction Rewriting interpreters are very nice toys for the theoretically minded. You can feed them equations and rules, and they will show you the possible derivations, or compute normal forms, many vari...
The Open Calculus of Constructions: An Equational Type Theory with Dependent Types for Programming, Specification, and Interactive Theorem Proving
"... The open calculus of constructions integrates key features of MartinLöf's type theory, the calculus of constructions, Membership Equational Logic, and Rewriting Logic into a single uniform language. The two key ingredients are dependent function types and conditional rewriting modulo equational t ..."
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Cited by 5 (0 self)
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The open calculus of constructions integrates key features of MartinLöf's type theory, the calculus of constructions, Membership Equational Logic, and Rewriting Logic into a single uniform language. The two key ingredients are dependent function types and conditional rewriting modulo equational theories. We explore the open calculus of constructions as a uniform framework for programming, specification and interactive verification in an equational higherorder style. By having equational logic and rewriting logic as executable sublogics we preserve the advantages of a firstorder semantic and logical framework and especially target applications involving symbolic computation and symbolic execution of nondeterministic and concurrent systems.
Algebraic System Specification and Development: Survey and Annotated Bibliography  Second Edition 
, 1997
"... Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.5.4 Special Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.6 Semantics of Programming Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.6.1 Semantics of Ada . . . ..."
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Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.5.4 Special Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.6 Semantics of Programming Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.6.1 Semantics of Ada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.6.2 Action Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.7 Specification Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4.7.1 Early Algebraic Specification Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4.7.2 Recent Algebraic Specification Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 4.7.3 The Common Framework Initiative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 5 Methodology 57 5.1 Development Phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 5.1.1 Applica...
May I Borrow Your Logic? (Transporting Logical Structures along Maps)
, 1995
"... It can be very advantageous to borrow key components of a logic for use in another logic. The advantages are both conceptual and practical; due to the existence of software systems supporting mechanized reasoning in a given logic, it may be possible to reuse a system developed for one logicfor ex ..."
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It can be very advantageous to borrow key components of a logic for use in another logic. The advantages are both conceptual and practical; due to the existence of software systems supporting mechanized reasoning in a given logic, it may be possible to reuse a system developed for one logicfor example, a theoremproverto obtain a new system for another. Translations between logics by appropriate mappings provide a first natural way of reusing tools of one logic in another. This paper generalizes this idea to the case where entire componentsfor example, the proof theoryof one of the logics involved may be completely missing, so that the appropriate mapping could not even be defined. The idea then is to borrow the missing components (as well as their associated tools if they exist) from a logic that has them in order to create the fullfledged logic and tools that we desire. The relevant structure is transported using maps that only involve a limited aspect of the two logics ...
Mathematical and Engineering Foundations for Interoperability via Architecture
, 1998
"... Data Type Specification, in combination with modal logics for formalizing the process of building systems from interconnected components. This combination of logical and categorical techniques has also been applied to parallel program design languages in the style of UNITY [14] and IP [41], providin ..."
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Data Type Specification, in combination with modal logics for formalizing the process of building systems from interconnected components. This combination of logical and categorical techniques has also been applied to parallel program design languages in the style of UNITY [14] and IP [41], providing semantics for modularization techniques based on the notion of superposition. This has resulted in the development of a programming design language called Community [33]. Two formalisms that provide explicit support for object systems and can reason about their rewriting logic specifications have been recently developed. One is a version of the modal calculus proposed by Lechner [48, 49] for reasoning about objectoriented Maude specifications. Another is Denker's objectoriented distributed temporal logic DTL + [24, 22], that extends the DTL and D 1 distributed object temporal logics of Ehrich and Denker [30, 23, 29]. Lechner [48, 49] uses her version of the modal calculus to identif...