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Functional interpretation and inductive definitions
 Journal of Symbolic Logic
"... Abstract. Extending Gödel’s Dialectica interpretation, we provide a functional interpretation of classical theories of positive arithmetic inductive definitions, reducing them to theories of finitetype functionals defined using transfinite recursion on wellfounded trees. 1. ..."
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Abstract. Extending Gödel’s Dialectica interpretation, we provide a functional interpretation of classical theories of positive arithmetic inductive definitions, reducing them to theories of finitetype functionals defined using transfinite recursion on wellfounded trees. 1.
Forcing in Proof Theory
 BULL SYMB LOGIC
, 2004
"... Paul Cohen's method of forcing, together with Saul Kripke's related semantics for modal and intuitionistic logic, has had profound effects on a number of branches of mathematical logic, from set theory and model theory to constructive and categorical logic. Here, I argue that forcing also has a pla ..."
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Paul Cohen's method of forcing, together with Saul Kripke's related semantics for modal and intuitionistic logic, has had profound effects on a number of branches of mathematical logic, from set theory and model theory to constructive and categorical logic. Here, I argue that forcing also has a place in traditional Hilbertstyle proof theory, where the goal is to formalize portions of ordinary mathematics in restricted axiomatic theories, and study those theories in constructive or syntactic terms. I will discuss the aspects of forcing that are useful in this respect, and some sample applications. The latter include ways of obtaining conservation results for classical and intuitionistic theories, interpreting classical theories in constructive ones, and constructivizing modeltheoretic arguments.
A realizability interpretation for classical arithmetic
 In Buss, Hájek, and Pudlák eds., Logic colloquium ’98, AK Peters, 57–90
, 2000
"... Summary. A constructive realizablity interpretation for classical arithmetic is presented, enabling one to extract witnessing terms from proofs of Σ1 sentences. The interpretation is shown to coincide with modified realizability, under a novel translation of classical logic to intuitionistic logic, ..."
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Summary. A constructive realizablity interpretation for classical arithmetic is presented, enabling one to extract witnessing terms from proofs of Σ1 sentences. The interpretation is shown to coincide with modified realizability, under a novel translation of classical logic to intuitionistic logic, followed by the FriedmanDragalin translation. On the other hand, a natural set of reductions for classical arithmetic is shown to be compatible with the normalization of the realizing term, implying that certain strategies for eliminating cuts and extracting a witness from the proof of a Σ1 sentence are insensitive to the order in which reductions are applied. 1
The computational content of classical arithmetic ∗
, 2009
"... Dedicated to Grigori Mints in honor of his seventieth birthday. Almost from the inception of Hilbert’s program, foundational and structural efforts in proof theory have been directed towards the goal of clarifying the computational content of modern mathematical methods. This essay surveys various m ..."
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Dedicated to Grigori Mints in honor of his seventieth birthday. Almost from the inception of Hilbert’s program, foundational and structural efforts in proof theory have been directed towards the goal of clarifying the computational content of modern mathematical methods. This essay surveys various methods of extracting computational information from proofs in classical firstorder arithmetic, and reflects on some of the relationships between them. Variants of the GödelGentzen doublenegation translation, some not so well known, serve to provide canonical and efficient computational interpretations of that theory. 1