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Possibility theory in constraint satisfaction problems: Handling priority, preference and uncertainty
 Applied Intelligence
, 1996
"... In classical Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs) knowledge is embedded in a set of hard constraints, each one restricting the possible values of a set of variables. However constraints in real world problems are seldom hard, and CSP's are often idealizations that do not account for the preferenc ..."
Abstract

Cited by 74 (13 self)
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In classical Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs) knowledge is embedded in a set of hard constraints, each one restricting the possible values of a set of variables. However constraints in real world problems are seldom hard, and CSP's are often idealizations that do not account for the preference among feasible solutions. Moreover some constraints may have priority over others. Lastly, constraints may involve uncertain parameters. This paper advocates the use of fuzzy sets and possibility theory as a realistic approach for the representation of these three aspects. Fuzzy constraints encompass both preference relations among possible instanciations and priorities among constraints. In a Fuzzy Constraint Satisfaction Problem (FCSP), a constraint is satisfied to a degree (rather than satisfied or not satisfied) and the acceptability of a potential solution becomes a gradual notion. Even if the FCSP is partially inconsistent, best instanciations are provided owing to the relaxation of ...
Fuzzy Constraints in JobShop Scheduling
 Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing
, 1995
"... : This paper proposes an extension of the constraintbased approach to jobshop scheduling, that accounts for the flexibility of temporal constraints and the uncertainty of operation durations. The set of solutions to a problem is viewed as a fuzzy set whose membership function reflects preference. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 53 (9 self)
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: This paper proposes an extension of the constraintbased approach to jobshop scheduling, that accounts for the flexibility of temporal constraints and the uncertainty of operation durations. The set of solutions to a problem is viewed as a fuzzy set whose membership function reflects preference. This membership function is obtained by an egalitarist aggregation of local constraintsatisfaction levels. Uncertainty is qualitatively described is terms of possibility distributions. The paper formulates a simple mathematical model of jobshop scheduling under preference and uncertainty, relating it to the formal framework of constraintsatisfaction problems in Artificial Intelligence. A combinatorial search method that solves the problem is outlined, including fuzzy extensions of wellknown lookahead schemes. 1. Introduction There are traditionally three kinds of approaches to jobshop scheduling problems: priority rules, combinatorial optimization and constraint analysis. The first kind ...
Anytime Lower Bounds for Constraint Violation Minimization Problems
 In Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP98). SpringerVerlag, LNCS 1520
, 1998
"... Constraint Violation Minimization Problems arise when dealing with overconstrained CSPs. Unfortunately, experiments and practice show that they quickly become too large and too difficult to be optimally solved. In this context, multiple methods (limited tree search, heuristic or stochastic local ..."
Abstract

Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Constraint Violation Minimization Problems arise when dealing with overconstrained CSPs. Unfortunately, experiments and practice show that they quickly become too large and too difficult to be optimally solved. In this context, multiple methods (limited tree search, heuristic or stochastic local search) are available to produce nonoptimal, but good quality solutions, and thus to provide the user with anytime upper bounds of the problem optimum. On the other hand, few methods are available to produce anytime lower bounds of this optimum.