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91
Quantum Equilibrium and the Origin of Absolute Uncertainty
, 1992
"... The quantum formalism is a "measurement" formalisma phenomenological formalism describing certain macroscopic regularities. We argue that it can be regarded, and best be understood, as arising from Bohmian mechanics, which is what emerges from Schr6dinger's equation for a system of particles when ..."
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Cited by 112 (47 self)
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The quantum formalism is a "measurement" formalisma phenomenological formalism describing certain macroscopic regularities. We argue that it can be regarded, and best be understood, as arising from Bohmian mechanics, which is what emerges from Schr6dinger's equation for a system of particles when we merely insist that "particles " means particles. While distinctly nonNewtonian, Bohmian mechanics is a fully deterministic theory of particles in motion, a motion choreographed by the wave function. We find that a Bohmian universe, though deterministic, evolves in such a manner that an appearance of randomness emerges, precisely as described by the quantum formalism and given, for example, by "p = IV [ 2.,, A crucial ingredient in our analysis of the origin of this randomness is the notion of the effective wave function of a subsystem, a notion of interest in its own right and of relevance to any discussion of quantum theory. When the quantum formalism is regarded as arising in this way, the paradoxes and perplexities so often associated with (nonrelativistic) quantum theory simply evaporate.
Quantum theory of probability and decisions
 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
, 1999
"... The probabilistic predictions of quantum theory are conventionally obtained from a special probabilistic axiom. But that is unnecessary because all the practical consequences of such predictions follow from the remaining nonprobabilistic axioms of quantum theory, together with the nonprobabilistic ..."
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Cited by 61 (0 self)
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The probabilistic predictions of quantum theory are conventionally obtained from a special probabilistic axiom. But that is unnecessary because all the practical consequences of such predictions follow from the remaining nonprobabilistic axioms of quantum theory, together with the nonprobabilistic part of classical decision theory.
Quantum Coding
 Physical Review A
, 1995
"... The quantum analogues of classical variablelength codes are indeterminatelength quantum codes, in which codewords may exist in superpositions of different lengths. This paper explores some of their properties. The length observable for such codes is governed by a quantum version of the KraftMcMill ..."
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Cited by 55 (2 self)
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The quantum analogues of classical variablelength codes are indeterminatelength quantum codes, in which codewords may exist in superpositions of different lengths. This paper explores some of their properties. The length observable for such codes is governed by a quantum version of the KraftMcMillan inequality. Indeterminatelength quantum codes also provide an alternate approach to quantum data compression.
Decoherence, einselection, and the quantum origins of the classical
 REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS 75, 715. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT HTTP://ARXIV.ORG/ABS/QUANTPH/0105127
, 2003
"... The manner in which states of some quantum systems become effectively classical is of great significance for the foundations of quantum physics, as well as for problems of practical interest such as quantum engineering. In the past two decades it has become increasingly clear that many (perhaps all) ..."
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Cited by 46 (1 self)
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The manner in which states of some quantum systems become effectively classical is of great significance for the foundations of quantum physics, as well as for problems of practical interest such as quantum engineering. In the past two decades it has become increasingly clear that many (perhaps all) of the symptoms of classicality can be induced in quantum systems by their environments. Thus decoherence is caused by the interaction in which the environment in effect monitors certain observables of the system, destroying coherence between the pointer states corresponding to their eigenvalues. This leads to environmentinduced superselection or einselection, a quantum process associated with selective loss of information. Einselected pointer states are stable. They can retain correlations with the rest of the universe in spite of the environment. Einselection enforces classicality by imposing an effective ban on the vast majority of the Hilbert space, eliminating especially the flagrantly nonlocal "Schrödingercat states." The classical structure of phase space emerges from the quantum Hilbert space in the appropriate macroscopic limit. Combination of einselection with dynamics leads to the idealizations of a point and of a classical trajectory. In measurements, einselection replaces quantum entanglement between the apparatus and the measured system with the classical correlation. Only the preferred pointer observable of the apparatus can store information
Some theories of reasoned assumptions: An essay in rational psychology
, 1983
"... not be interpreted as representing the official policies, ..."
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Cited by 44 (26 self)
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not be interpreted as representing the official policies,
Decoherence, the measurement problem, and interpretations of quantum mechanics
, 2003
"... Environmentinduced decoherence and superselection have been a subject of intensive research over the past two decades. Yet, their implications for the foundational problems of quantum mechanics, most notably the quantum measurement problem, have remained a matter of great controversy. This paper is ..."
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Cited by 37 (2 self)
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Environmentinduced decoherence and superselection have been a subject of intensive research over the past two decades. Yet, their implications for the foundational problems of quantum mechanics, most notably the quantum measurement problem, have remained a matter of great controversy. This paper is intended to clarify key features of the decoherence program, including its more recent results, and to investigate their implications for foundational issues, not only concerning the measurement problem but also with respect to the main interpretive approaches of
Quantum theory as a universal physical theory
 INT. J. THEOR. PHYS
, 1995
"... The problem of setting up quantum theory as a universal physical theory is investigated. It is shown that the existing formalism, in either the conventional or the Everett interpretation, must be supplemented by an additional structure, the "interpretation basis." This is a preferred ordered orthono ..."
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Cited by 32 (0 self)
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The problem of setting up quantum theory as a universal physical theory is investigated. It is shown that the existing formalism, in either the conventional or the Everett interpretation, must be supplemented by an additional structure, the "interpretation basis." This is a preferred ordered orthonormal basis in the space of states. Quantum measurement theory is developed as a tool for determining the interpretation basis. The augmented quantum theory is discussed.
Everettian Rationality: defending Deutsch’s approach to probability in the Everett Interpretation
, 2002
"... ..."
Understanding Deutsch’s probability in a deterministic multiverse
 Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35B
, 2004
"... Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from ‘probability ’ without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: ..."
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Cited by 23 (2 self)
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Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from ‘probability ’ without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: all she needs is a particular rationality principle. The decisiontheoretic approach recently developed by Deutsch and Wallace claims to provide just such a principle. But, according to Wallace, decision theory is itself applicable only if the correct attitude to a future Everettian measurement outcome is subjective uncertainty. I argue that subjective uncertainty is not to be had, but I offer an alternative interpretation that enables the Everettian to live without uncertainty: we can justify Everettian decision theory on the basis that an Everettian should care about all her future branches. The probabilities appearing in the decisiontheoretic representation theorem can then be interpreted as the degrees to which the rational agent cares about each future branch. This reinterpretation, however, reduces the intuitive plausibility of one of the DeutschWallace axioms (Measurement Neutrality).
Against ManyWorlds Interpretations
 International Journal of Theoretical Physics A5
, 1990
"... This is a critical review of the literature on manyworlds interpretations (MWI), with arguments drawn partly from earlier critiques by Bell and Stein. The essential postulates involved in various MWI are extracted, and their consistency with the evident physical world is examined. Arguments are pre ..."
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Cited by 20 (0 self)
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This is a critical review of the literature on manyworlds interpretations (MWI), with arguments drawn partly from earlier critiques by Bell and Stein. The essential postulates involved in various MWI are extracted, and their consistency with the evident physical world is examined. Arguments are presented against MWI proposed by Everett, Graham and DeWitt. The relevance of frequency operators to MWI is examined; it is argued that frequency operator theorems of Hartle and FarhiGoldstoneGutmann do not in themselves provide a probability interpretation for quantum mechanics, and thus neither support existing MWI nor would be useful in constructing new MWI. Comments are made on papers by Geroch and Deutsch that advocate MWI. It is concluded that no plausible set of axioms exists for an MWI that describes known physics.