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144
Edgebreaker: Connectivity compression for triangle meshes
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS
, 1999
"... Edgebreaker is a simple scheme for compressing the triangle/vertex incidence graphs (sometimes called connectivity or topology) of threedimensional triangle meshes. Edgebreaker improves upon the worst case storage required by previously reported schemes, most of which require O(nlogn) bits to sto ..."
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Cited by 261 (22 self)
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Edgebreaker is a simple scheme for compressing the triangle/vertex incidence graphs (sometimes called connectivity or topology) of threedimensional triangle meshes. Edgebreaker improves upon the worst case storage required by previously reported schemes, most of which require O(nlogn) bits to store the incidence graph of a mesh of n triangles. Edgebreaker requires only 2n bits or less for simple meshes and can also support fully general meshes by using additional storage per handle and hole. Edgebreaker's compression and decompression processes perform the same traversal of the mesh from one triangle to an adjacent one. At each stage, compression produces an opcode describing the topological relation between the current triangle and the boundary of the remaining part of the mesh. Decompression uses these opcodes to reconstruct the entire incidence graph. Because Edgebreaker's compression and decompression are independent of the vertex locations, they may be combined with a variety of vertexcompressing techniques that exploit topological information about the mesh to better estimate vertex locations. Edgebreaker may be used to compress the connectivity of an entire mesh bounding a 3D polyhedron or the connectivity of a triangulated surface patch whose boundary needs not be encoded. Its superior compression capabilities, the simplicity of its implementation, and its versatility make Edgebreaker particularly suitable for the emerging 3D data exchange standards for interactive graphic applications. The paper also offers a comparative survey of the rapidly growing field of geometric compression.
MAPS: Multiresolution Adaptive Parameterization of Surfaces
, 1998
"... We construct smooth parameterizations of irregular connectivity triangulations of arbitrary genus 2manifolds. Our algorithm uses hierarchical simplification to efficiently induce a parameterization of the original mesh over a base domain consisting of a small number of triangles. This initial param ..."
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Cited by 224 (12 self)
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We construct smooth parameterizations of irregular connectivity triangulations of arbitrary genus 2manifolds. Our algorithm uses hierarchical simplification to efficiently induce a parameterization of the original mesh over a base domain consisting of a small number of triangles. This initial parameterization is further improved through a hierarchical smoothing procedure based on Loop subdivision applied in the parameter domain. Our method supports both fully automatic and user constrained operations. In the latter, we accommodate point and edge constraints to force the align # wailee@cs.princeton.edu + wim@belllabs.com # ps@cs.caltech.edu cowsar@belllabs.com dpd@cs.princeton.edu ment of isoparameter lines with desired features. We show how to use the parameterization for fast, hierarchical subdivision connectivity remeshing with guaranteed error bounds. The remeshing algorithm constructs an adaptively subdivided mesh directly without first resorting to uniform subdivision followed by subsequent sparsification. It thus avoids the exponential cost of the latter. Our parameterizations are also useful for texture mapping and morphing applications, among others.
Smooth ViewDependent LevelofDetail Control and Its Application to Terrain Rendering
"... The key to realtime rendering of largescale surfaces is to locally adapt surface geometric complexity to changing view parameters. Several schemes have been developed to address this problem of viewdependent levelofdetail control. Among these, the viewdependent progressive mesh (VDPM) framewor ..."
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Cited by 211 (1 self)
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The key to realtime rendering of largescale surfaces is to locally adapt surface geometric complexity to changing view parameters. Several schemes have been developed to address this problem of viewdependent levelofdetail control. Among these, the viewdependent progressive mesh (VDPM) framework represents an arbitrary triangle mesh as a hierarchy of geometrically optimized refinement transformations, from which accurate approximating meshes can be efficiently retrieved. In this paper we extend the general VDPM framework to provide temporal coherence through the runtime creation of geomorphs. These geomorphs eliminate "popping" artifacts by smoothly interpolating geometry. Their implementation requires new outputsensitive data structures, which have the added benefit of reducing memory use.
Multiresolution Signal Processing for Meshes
, 1999
"... We generalize basic signal processing tools such as downsampling, upsampling, and filters to irregular connectivity triangle meshes. This is accomplished through the design of a nonuniform relaxation procedure whose weights depend on the geometry and we show its superiority over existing schemes wh ..."
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Cited by 211 (12 self)
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We generalize basic signal processing tools such as downsampling, upsampling, and filters to irregular connectivity triangle meshes. This is accomplished through the design of a nonuniform relaxation procedure whose weights depend on the geometry and we show its superiority over existing schemes whose weights depend only on connectivity. This is combined with known mesh simplification methods to build subdivision and pyramid algorithms. We demonstrate the power of these algorithms through a number of application examples including smoothing, enhancement, editing, and texture mapping.
Progressive Simplicial Complexes
, 1997
"... In this paper, we introduce the progressive simplicial complex (PSC) representation, a new format for storing and transmitting triangulated geometric models. Like the earlier progressive mesh (PM) representation, it captures a given model as a coarse base model together with a sequence of refinement ..."
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Cited by 157 (2 self)
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In this paper, we introduce the progressive simplicial complex (PSC) representation, a new format for storing and transmitting triangulated geometric models. Like the earlier progressive mesh (PM) representation, it captures a given model as a coarse base model together with a sequence of refinement transformations that progressively recover detail. The PSC representation makes use of a more general refinement transformation, allowing the given model to be an arbitrary triangulation (e.g. any dimension, nonorientable, nonmanifold, nonregular), and the base model to always consist of a single vertex. Indeed, the sequence of refinement transformations encodes both the geometry and the topology of the model in a unified multiresolution framework. The PSC representation retains the advantages of PM's. It defines a continuous sequence of approximating models for runtime levelofdetail control, allows smooth transitions between any pair of models in the sequence, supports progressive transmission, and offers a spaceefficient representation. Moreover, by allowing changes to topology, the PSC sequence of approximations achieves better fidelity than the corresponding PM sequence.
A survey of freeform object representation and recognition techniques
 Computer Vision and Image Understanding
, 2001
"... Advances in computer speed, memory capacity, and hardware graphics acceleration have made the interactive manipulation and visualization of complex, detailed (and therefore large) threedimensional models feasible. These models are either painstakingly designed through an elaborate CAD process or re ..."
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Cited by 150 (1 self)
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Advances in computer speed, memory capacity, and hardware graphics acceleration have made the interactive manipulation and visualization of complex, detailed (and therefore large) threedimensional models feasible. These models are either painstakingly designed through an elaborate CAD process or reverse engineered from sculpted prototypes using modern scanning technologies and integration methods. The availability of detailed data describing the shape of an object offers the computer vision practitioner new ways to recognize and localize freeform objects. This survey reviews recent literature on both the 3D model building process and techniques used to match and identify freeform objects from imagery. c ○ 2001 Academic Press 1.
Efficient Simplification of PointSampled Surfaces
, 2002
"... In this paper we introduce, analyze and quantitatively compare a number of surface simplification methods for pointsampled geometry. We have implemented incremental and hierarchical clustering, iterative simplification, and particle simulation algorithms to create approximations of pointbased mode ..."
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Cited by 148 (15 self)
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In this paper we introduce, analyze and quantitatively compare a number of surface simplification methods for pointsampled geometry. We have implemented incremental and hierarchical clustering, iterative simplification, and particle simulation algorithms to create approximations of pointbased models with lower sampling density. All these methods work directly on the point cloud, requiring no intermediate tesselation. We show how local variation estimation and quadric error metrics can be employed to diminish the approximation error and concentrate more samples in regions of high curvature. To compare the quality of the simplified surfaces, we have designed a new method for computing numerical and visual error estimates for pointsampled surfaces. Our algorithms are fast, easy to implement, and create highquality surface approximations, clearly demonstrating the effectiveness of pointbased surface simplification.
Compressed Progressive Meshes
 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
, 2000
"... Most systems that support the visual interaction with 3D models use shape representations based on triangle meshes. The size of these representations imposes limits on applications, where complex 3D models must be accessed remotely. Techniques for simplifying and compressing 3D models reduce the tra ..."
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Cited by 123 (10 self)
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Most systems that support the visual interaction with 3D models use shape representations based on triangle meshes. The size of these representations imposes limits on applications, where complex 3D models must be accessed remotely. Techniques for simplifying and compressing 3D models reduce the transmission time. Multiresolution formats provide quick access to a crude model and then refine it progressively. Unfortunately, compared to the best nonprogressive compression methods, previously proposed progressive refinement techniques impose a significant overhead when the full resolution model must be downloaded. The CPM (Compressed Progressive Meshes) approach proposed here eliminates this overhead. It uses a new “patching ” technique, which refines the topology of the mesh in batches, which each increase the number of vertices by up to 50%. Less than 4 bits per triangle encode where and how the topological refinements should be applied. We estimate the position of new vertices from the positions of their topological neighbors in the less refined mesh using a new estimator that leads to representations of vertex coordinates that are 50 % more compact than previously reported progressive geometry compression techniques. 1.
Multiresolution Modeling: Survey & Future Opportunities
, 1999
"... For twenty years, it has been clear that many datasets are excessively complex for applications such as realtime display, and that techniques for controlling the level of detail of models are crucial. More recently, there has been considerable interest in techniques for the automatic simplificati ..."
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Cited by 118 (7 self)
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For twenty years, it has been clear that many datasets are excessively complex for applications such as realtime display, and that techniques for controlling the level of detail of models are crucial. More recently, there has been considerable interest in techniques for the automatic simplification of highly detailed polygonal models into faithful approximations using fewer polygons. Several effective techniques for the automatic simplification of polygonal models have been developed in recent years. This report begins with a survey of the most notable available algorithms. Iterative edge contraction algorithms are of particular interest because they induce a certain hierarchical structure on the surface. An overview of this hierarchical structure is presented,including a formulation relating it to minimum spanning tree construction algorithms. Finally, we will consider the most significant directions in which existing simplification methods can be improved, and a summary of o...
Silhouette Clipping
, 2000
"... Approximating detailed models with coarse, texturemapped meshes results in polygonal silhouettes. To eliminate this artifact, we introduce silhouette clipping, a framework for efficiently clipping the rendering of coarse geometry to the exact silhouette of the original model. The coarse mesh is obt ..."
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Cited by 91 (7 self)
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Approximating detailed models with coarse, texturemapped meshes results in polygonal silhouettes. To eliminate this artifact, we introduce silhouette clipping, a framework for efficiently clipping the rendering of coarse geometry to the exact silhouette of the original model. The coarse mesh is obtained using progressive hulls, a novel representation with the nesting property required for proper clipping. We describe an improved technique for constructing texture and normal maps over this coarse mesh. Given a perspective view, silhouettes are efficiently extracted from the original mesh using a precomputed search tree. Within the tree, hierarchical culling is achieved using pairs of anchored cones. The extracted silhouette edges are used to set the hardware stencil buffer and alpha buffer, which in turn clip and antialias the rendered coarse geometry. Results demonstrate that silhouette clipping can produce renderings of similar quality to highresolution meshes in less rendering time.