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Physical versus Computational Complementarity I
, 1996
"... The dichotomy between endophysical/intrinsic and exophysical/extrinsic perception concerns the question of how a model  mathematical, logical, computational  universe is perceived from inside or from outside, [71, 65, 66, 59, 60, 68, 67]. This distinction goes back in time at least to Archimedes, ..."
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The dichotomy between endophysical/intrinsic and exophysical/extrinsic perception concerns the question of how a model  mathematical, logical, computational  universe is perceived from inside or from outside, [71, 65, 66, 59, 60, 68, 67]. This distinction goes back in time at least to Archimedes, reported to have asked for a point outside the world from which one could move the earth. An exophysical perception is realized when the system is laid out and the experimenter peeps at the relevant features without changing the system. The information flows on a oneway road: from the system to the experimenter. An endophysical perception can be realized when the experimenter is part of the system under observation. In such a case one has a twoway informational flow; measurements and entities measured are interchangeable and any attempt to distinguish between them ends up as a convention. The general conception dominating the sciences is that the physical universe is perceivable ...
Computational universes
 Chaos, Solitons & Fractals
, 2006
"... Suspicions that the world might be some sort of a machine or algorithm existing “in the mind ” of some symbolic number cruncher have lingered from antiquity. Although popular at times, the most radical forms of this idea never reached mainstream. Modern developments in physics and computer science h ..."
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Suspicions that the world might be some sort of a machine or algorithm existing “in the mind ” of some symbolic number cruncher have lingered from antiquity. Although popular at times, the most radical forms of this idea never reached mainstream. Modern developments in physics and computer science have lent support to the thesis, but empirical evidence is needed before it can begin to replace our contemporary world view.
Set Theory and Physics
 FOUNDATIONS OF PHYSICS, VOL. 25, NO. 11
, 1995
"... Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) hr chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of soli ..."
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Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) hr chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of solid threedimensional objects, (iii) in the theory of effective computability (ChurchTurhrg thesis) related to the possible "solution of supertasks," and (iv) for weak solutions. Several approaches to set theory and their advantages and disadvatages for" physical applications are discussed: Cantorian "naive" (i.e., nonaxiomatic) set theory, contructivism, and operationalism, hr the arrthor's ophrion, an attitude of "suspended attention" (a term borrowed from psychoanalysis) seems most promising for progress. Physical and set theoretical entities must be operationalized wherever possible. At the same thne, physicists shouM be open to "bizarre" or "mindboggling" new formalisms, which treed not be operationalizable or testable at the thne of their " creation, but which may successfully lead to novel fields of phenomenology and technology.
Contexts in quantum, classical and partition logic
 In Handbook of Quantum Logic
, 2006
"... Contexts are maximal collections of comeasurable observables “bundled together ” to form a “quasiclassical miniuniverse. ” Different notions of contexts are discussed for classical, quantum and generalized urn–automaton systems. PACS numbers: 02.10.v,02.50.Cw,02.10.Ud ..."
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Contexts are maximal collections of comeasurable observables “bundled together ” to form a “quasiclassical miniuniverse. ” Different notions of contexts are discussed for classical, quantum and generalized urn–automaton systems. PACS numbers: 02.10.v,02.50.Cw,02.10.Ud
Quantum algorithmic information theory
 Journal of Universal Computer Science
, 1996
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Time generated by intrinsic observers
 Cybernetics and systems Õ96 Proceedings ofthe 13th European meeting on cybernetics and systems research. Vienna: Austrian Society for Cybernetic Studies
, 1996
"... We shortly review the construction of knowledge by intrinsic observers. Intrinsic observers are embedded in a system and are inseparable parts thereof. The intrinsic viewpoint has to be contrasted with an extrinsic, “God’s eye ” viewpoint, from which the system can be observed externally without in ..."
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We shortly review the construction of knowledge by intrinsic observers. Intrinsic observers are embedded in a system and are inseparable parts thereof. The intrinsic viewpoint has to be contrasted with an extrinsic, “God’s eye ” viewpoint, from which the system can be observed externally without in any way changing it. This epistemological distinction has concrete, formalizable consequences. One consequence is the emergence of “complementarity ” for intrinsic observers, even if the underlying system is totally deterministic (computable). Another consequence is the appearence of time and inertial frames for intrinsic observers. The necessary operational techniques are developed in the context of Cellular Automata. We finish with a somewhat speculative question. Given spacetime frames generated by clocks which use sound waves for synchronization; why could supersonic travel not cause time paradoxes? 1 Operational concepts and intrinsic observers John Casti posed the following scenario [7] (for a related discussion, see [15]), “[[Imagine some creatures—]]they may be carbonbased creatures just like you and me. The difference is that they live in a world in which the primary sensory inputs are not from the electromagnetic spectrum like light, but rather come from sound waves. Note that this is not simply a world of the blind; rather, it is a world in which there are no sensory organs for 1 perceiving any part of the electromagnetic spectrum. In this case, then,... such creatures would see the speed of sound as a fundamental barrier to the velocity of any material object. Yet we as creatures that do possess sensory organs for perceiving the electromagnetic spectrum see the sound barrier as no fundamental barrier at all. So, by analogical extension, there may be creatures “out there ” who regard the speed of light as no more of a barrier than we regard the speed of sound.” Casti’s scenario is one in which the observers are embedded in a universe which, to them, solely consists of sound waves. Such intrinsic observers
Quantum logic. A brief outline
, 2005
"... A more complete introduction of the author can be found in the book ..."
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A more complete introduction of the author can be found in the book
The Complexity of Proving Chaoticity and the ChurchTuring Thesis
, 2010
"... Proving the chaoticity of some dynamical systems is equivalent to solving the hardest problems in mathematics. Conversely, one argues that it is not unconceivable that classical physical systems may “compute the hard or even the incomputable” by measuring observables which correspond to computationa ..."
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Cited by 2 (1 self)
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Proving the chaoticity of some dynamical systems is equivalent to solving the hardest problems in mathematics. Conversely, one argues that it is not unconceivable that classical physical systems may “compute the hard or even the incomputable” by measuring observables which correspond to computationally hard or even incomputable problems.
On the Brightness of the Thomson Lamp. A Prolegomenon to Quantum Recursion Theory
, 2009
"... Some physical aspects related to the limit operations of the Thomson lamp are discussed. Regardless of the formally unbounded and even infinite number of “steps” involved, the physical limit has an operational meaning in agreement with the Abel sums of infinite series. The formal analogies to accele ..."
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Some physical aspects related to the limit operations of the Thomson lamp are discussed. Regardless of the formally unbounded and even infinite number of “steps” involved, the physical limit has an operational meaning in agreement with the Abel sums of infinite series. The formal analogies to accelerated (hyper) computers and the recursion theoretic diagonal methods are discussed. As quantum information is not bound by the mutually exclusive states of classical bits, it allows a consistent representation of fixed point states of the diagonal operator. In an effort to reconstruct the selfcontradictory feature of diagonalization, a generalized diagonal method allowing no quantum fixed points is proposed.
Conventions in Relativity Theory and Quantum Mechanics
, 2002
"... ons. They lie at the very foundations of our world conceptions. Conventions serve as a sort of "scaffolding" from which we construct our scientific worldview. Yet, they are so simple and almost selfevident that they are hardly mentioned and go unreflected. To the author, this unreflecte ..."
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ons. They lie at the very foundations of our world conceptions. Conventions serve as a sort of "scaffolding" from which we construct our scientific worldview. Yet, they are so simple and almost selfevident that they are hardly mentioned and go unreflected. To the author, this unreflectedness and unawareness of conventionality appears to be the biggest problem related to conventions, especially if they are mistakenly considered as physical "facts" which are empirically testable. This confusion between assumption and observational, operational fact seems to be one of the biggest impediments for progressive research programs, in particular if they suggest postulates which are based on conventions different from the existing ones. In what follows we shall mainly review and discuss conventions in the two dominating theories of the 20th century: quantum mechanics and relativity theory. 2. CONVENTIONALITY OF THE CONSTANCY OF THE CHARACTERISTIC SPEED Sup