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The communication complexity of addition
, 2011
"... Suppose each of k ≤ no(1) players holds an nbit number xi in its hand. The players wish to determine if ∑ i≤k xi = s. We give a publiccoin protocol with error 1% and communication O(k lg k). The communication bound is independent of n, and for k ≥ 3 improves on the O(k lg n) bound by Nisan (Bolyai ..."
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Suppose each of k ≤ no(1) players holds an nbit number xi in its hand. The players wish to determine if ∑ i≤k xi = s. We give a publiccoin protocol with error 1% and communication O(k lg k). The communication bound is independent of n, and for k ≥ 3 improves on the O(k lg n) bound by Nisan (Bolyai Soc. Math. Studies; 1993). Our protocol also applies to addition modulo m. In this case we give a matching (publiccoin) Ω(k lg k) lower bound for various m. We also obtain some lower bounds over the integers, including Ω(k lg lg k) for protocols that are oneway, like ours. We give a protocol to determine if ∑ xi> s with error 1 % and communication O(k lg k) lg n. For k ≥ 3 this improves on Nisan’s O(k lg 2 n) bound. A similar improvement holds for computing degree(k − 1) polynomialthreshold functions in the numberonforehead model. We give a (publiccoin, 2player, tight) Ω(lg n) lower bound to determine if x1> x2. This improves on the Ω ( √ lg n) bound by Smirnov (1988).
cb Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CCBY) DOI: 10.4086/toc.2014.v010a002
, 2012
"... Abstract: We give a “regularity lemma ” for degreed polynomial threshold functions (PTFs) over the Boolean cube {−1,1}n. Roughly speaking, this result shows that every degreed PTF can be decomposed into a constant number of subfunctions such that almost all of the subfunctions are close to being r ..."
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Abstract: We give a “regularity lemma ” for degreed polynomial threshold functions (PTFs) over the Boolean cube {−1,1}n. Roughly speaking, this result shows that every degreed PTF can be decomposed into a constant number of subfunctions such that almost all of the subfunctions are close to being regular PTFs. Here a “regular ” PTF is a PTF sign(p(x)) where the influence of each variable on the polynomial p(x) is a small fraction of the total influence of p.