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21
An Efficient Implementation Of A Scaling MinimumCost Flow Algorithm
 Journal of Algorithms
, 1992
"... . The scaling pushrelabel method is an important theoretical development in the area of minimumcost flow algorithms. We study practical implementations of this method. We are especially interested in heuristics which improve reallife performance of the method. Our implementation works very well o ..."
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Cited by 99 (7 self)
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. The scaling pushrelabel method is an important theoretical development in the area of minimumcost flow algorithms. We study practical implementations of this method. We are especially interested in heuristics which improve reallife performance of the method. Our implementation works very well over a wide range of problem classes. In our experiments, it was always competitive with the established codes, and usually outperformed these codes by a wide margin. Some heuristics we develop may apply to other network algorithms. Our experimental work on the minimumcost flow problem motivated theoretical work on related problems. Supported in part by ONR Young Investigator Award N0001491J1855, NSF Presidential Young Investigator Grant CCR8858097 with matching funds from AT&T and DEC, Stanford University Office of Technology Licensing, and a grant form the Powell Foundation. 1 1. Introduction. Significant theoretical progress has been made recently in the area of minimumcost flow ...
DUAL COORDINATE STEP METHODS FOR LINEAR NETWORK FLOW PROBLEMS
, 1988
"... We review a class of recentlyproposed linearcost network flow methods which are amenable to distributed implementation. All the methods in the class use the notion of ecomplementary slackness, and most do not explicitly manipulate any "global " objects such as paths, trees, or cuts. Interestingly ..."
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Cited by 31 (8 self)
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We review a class of recentlyproposed linearcost network flow methods which are amenable to distributed implementation. All the methods in the class use the notion of ecomplementary slackness, and most do not explicitly manipulate any "global " objects such as paths, trees, or cuts. Interestingly, these methods have stimulated a large number of new serial computational complexity results. We develop the basic theory of these methods and present two specific methods, the erelaxation algorithm for the minimumcost flow problem, and the auction algorithm for the assignment problem. We show how to implement these methods with serial complexities of O(N 3 log NC) and O(NA log NC), respectively. We also discuss practical implementation issues and computational experience to date. Finally, we show how to implement erelaxation in a completely asynchronous, "chaotic" environment in which some processors compute faster than others, some processors communicate faster than others, and there can be arbitrarily large communication delays.
A Truncated PrimalInfeasible DualFeasible Network Interior Point Method
, 1994
"... . In this paper we introduce the truncated primalinfeasible dualfeasible interior point algorithm for linear programming and describe an implementation of this algorithm for solving the minimum cost network flow problem. In each iteration, the linear system that determines the search direction is ..."
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Cited by 27 (3 self)
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. In this paper we introduce the truncated primalinfeasible dualfeasible interior point algorithm for linear programming and describe an implementation of this algorithm for solving the minimum cost network flow problem. In each iteration, the linear system that determines the search direction is computed inexactly, and the norm of the resulting residual vector is used in the stopping criteria of the iterative solver employed for the solution of the system. In the implementation, a preconditioned conjugate gradient method is used as the iterative solver. The details of the implementation are described and the code, pdnet, is tested on a large set of standard minimum cost network flow test problems. Computational results indicate that the implementation is competitive with stateoftheart network flow codes. Key Words. Interior point method, linear programming, network flows, primalinfeasible dualfeasible, truncated Newton method, conjugate gradient, maximum flow, experimental test...
An Implementation Of The Dual Affine Scaling Algorithm For Minimum Cost Flow On Bipartite Uncapacitated Networks
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 1993
"... . We describe an implementation of the dual affine scaling algorithm for linear programming specialized to solve minimum cost flow problems on bipartite uncapacitated networks. This implementation uses a preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithm to solve the system of linear equations that determi ..."
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Cited by 25 (3 self)
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. We describe an implementation of the dual affine scaling algorithm for linear programming specialized to solve minimum cost flow problems on bipartite uncapacitated networks. This implementation uses a preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithm to solve the system of linear equations that determines the search direction at each iteration of the interior point algorithm. Two preconditioners are considered: a diagonal preconditioner and a preconditioner based on the incidence matrix of an approximate maximum weighted spanning tree of the network. Under dual nondegeneracy, this spanning tree allows for early identification of the optimal solution. Applying an fflperturbation to the cost vector, an optimal extremepoint primal solution is produced in the presence of dual degeneracy. The implementation is tested by solving several large instances of randomly generated assignment problems, comparing solution times with the network simplex code netflo and the relaxation algorithm code re...
Manufacturing Cell Design: An Integer Programming Model Employing Genetic Algorithms
 IIE Transactions
, 1996
"... The design of a cellular manufacturing system requires that a part population, at least minimally described by its use of process technology (part/machine incidence matrix), be partitioned into part families and that the associated plant equipment be partitioned into machine cells. At the highest le ..."
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Cited by 15 (5 self)
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The design of a cellular manufacturing system requires that a part population, at least minimally described by its use of process technology (part/machine incidence matrix), be partitioned into part families and that the associated plant equipment be partitioned into machine cells. At the highest level, the objective is to form a set of completely autonomous units such that intercell movement of parts is minimized. We present an integer program that is solved using a genetic algorithm (GA) to assist in the design of cellular manufacturing systems. The formulation uses a unique representation scheme for individuals (part/machine partitions) that reduces the size of the cell formation problem and increases the scale of problems that can be solved. This approach offers improved design flexibility by allowing a variety of evaluation functions to be employed and by incorporating design constraints during cell formation. The effectiveness of the GA approach is demonstrated on several problems from the literature.
A Computational Study of Cost Reoptimization for Min Cost Flow Problems
 INFORMS JOURNAL ON COMPUTING
, 2003
"... In the last two decades, a number of algorithms for the linear singlecommodity Min Cost Flow problem (MCF) have been proposed, and several efficient codes are available that implement different variants of the algorithms. The practical significance of the algorithms has been tested by comparing the ..."
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Cited by 15 (6 self)
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In the last two decades, a number of algorithms for the linear singlecommodity Min Cost Flow problem (MCF) have been proposed, and several efficient codes are available that implement different variants of the algorithms. The practical significance of the algorithms has been tested by comparing the time required by their implementations for solving "from scratch" instances of (MCF), of different classes, as the size of the problem (number of nodes and arcs) increases. However, in many applications several closely related instances of (MCF) have to be sequentially solved, so that reoptimization techniques can be used to speed up computations, and the most attractive algorithm is the one which minimizes the total time required to solve all the instances in the sequence. In this paper we compare the performances of four different efficient implementations of algorithms for (MCF) under cost reoptimization in the context of decomposition algorithms for the Multicommodity Min Cost Flow problem (MMCF), showing that for some classes of instances the relative performances of the codes doing "from scratch" optimization do not accurately predict the relative performances when reoptimization is used. Since the best solver depends both on the class and on the size of the instance, this work also shows the usefulness of a standard interface for (MCF) problem solvers that we have proposed and implemented.
Interior Point Algorithms For Network Flow Problems
 in Advances in linear and integer programming
, 1996
"... . Computational algorithms for the solution of network flow problems are of great practical significance. In the last decade, a new class of computationally efficient algorithms, based on the interior point method, has been proposed and applied to solve large scale network flow problems. In this cha ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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. Computational algorithms for the solution of network flow problems are of great practical significance. In the last decade, a new class of computationally efficient algorithms, based on the interior point method, has been proposed and applied to solve large scale network flow problems. In this chapter, we review interior point approaches for network flows, with emphasis on computational issues. Key words. Network flow problems, interior point methods, computational testing, computer implementation. AMS(MOS) subject classifications. 90B10, 90C05, 90C06, 90C35, 6505, 65F10, 65F50 1. Introduction. A large number of problems in transportation, communications, and manufacturing can be modeled as network flow problems. In these problems one seeks to find the most efficient, or optimal, way to move flow (e.g. materials, information, buses, electrical currents) on a network (e.g. postal network, computer network, transportation grid, power grid). Among these optimization problems, many a...
RELAXATION METHODS FOR MONOTROPIC PROGRAMS
, 1990
"... We propose a dual descent method for the problem of minimizing a convex, possibly nondifferentiable, separable cost subject to linear constraints. The method has properties reminiscent of the GaussSeidel method in numerical analysis and uses the ecomplementary slackness mechanism introduced in Ber ..."
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Cited by 8 (6 self)
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We propose a dual descent method for the problem of minimizing a convex, possibly nondifferentiable, separable cost subject to linear constraints. The method has properties reminiscent of the GaussSeidel method in numerical analysis and uses the ecomplementary slackness mechanism introduced in Bertsekas, Hosein and Tseng (1987) to ensure finite convergence to near optimality. As special cases we obtain the methods in Bertsekas, Hosein and Tseng (1987) for network flow programs and the methods in Tseng and Bertsekas (1987) for linear programs.
An Efficient Implementation of a Network Interior Point Method
, 1992
"... . We describe dlnet, an implementation of the dual affine scaling algorithm for minimum cost capacitated network flow problems. The efficiency of this implementation is the result of three factors: the small number of iterations taken by interior point methods, efficient solution of the linear syste ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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. We describe dlnet, an implementation of the dual affine scaling algorithm for minimum cost capacitated network flow problems. The efficiency of this implementation is the result of three factors: the small number of iterations taken by interior point methods, efficient solution of the linear system that determines the ascent direction using a preconditioned conjugate gradient algorithm and strategies to produce an optimal primal integer solution. The combination of these ingredients results in a code that can solve minimum cost network flow problems having over 250,000 vertices in a few hours of running time on a workstationclass computer. We compare dlnet with network simplex code netflo and relaxation code relaxt3 on an extensive range of minimum cost network flow problems, including minimum cost circulation, maximum flow and transshipment problems. The computational results show that dlnet offers more predictable running times than those of netflo and relaxt3. Its performance,...