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47
Stochastic Volatility: Likelihood Inference And Comparison With Arch Models
, 1994
"... this paper we exploit Gibbs sampling to provide a likelihood framework for the analysis of stochastic volatility models, demonstrating how to perform either maximum likelihood or Bayesian estimation. The paper includes an extensive Monte Carlo experiment which compares the efficiency of the maximum ..."
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Cited by 354 (37 self)
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this paper we exploit Gibbs sampling to provide a likelihood framework for the analysis of stochastic volatility models, demonstrating how to perform either maximum likelihood or Bayesian estimation. The paper includes an extensive Monte Carlo experiment which compares the efficiency of the maximum likelihood estimator with that of quasilikelihood and Bayesian estimators proposed in the literature. We also compare the fit of the stochastic volatility model to that of ARCH models using the likelihood criterion to illustrate the flexibility of the framework presented. Some key words: ARCH, Bayes estimation, Gibbs sampler, Heteroscedasticity, Maximum likelihood, Quasimaximum likelihood, Simulation, Stochastic EM algorithm, Stochastic volatility, Stock returns. 1 INTRODUCTION
Foreign Speculators and Emerging Equity Markets
 Journal of Finance
, 2000
"... We propose a crosssectional timeseries model to assess the impact of market liberalizations in emerging equity markets on the cost of capital, volatility, beta, and correlation with world market returns. Liberalizations are defined by regulatory changes, the introduction of depositary receipts and ..."
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Cited by 276 (23 self)
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We propose a crosssectional timeseries model to assess the impact of market liberalizations in emerging equity markets on the cost of capital, volatility, beta, and correlation with world market returns. Liberalizations are defined by regulatory changes, the introduction of depositary receipts and country funds, and structural breaks in equity capital f lows to the emerging markets. We control for other economic events that might confound the impact of foreign speculators on local equity markets. Across a range of specifications, the cost of capital always decreases after a capital market liberalization with the effect varying between 5 and 75 basis points. THROUGHOUT HISTORY AND IN MANY MARKET ECONOMIES, the speculator has been characterized as both a villain and a savior. Indeed, the reputation of the speculator generally depends on the country where he does business. In wellfunctioning advanced capital markets, such as the United States, the speculator is viewed as an integral par...
Predictive regressions
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1999
"... When a rate of return is regressed on a lagged stochastic regressor, such as a dividend yield, the regression disturbance is correlated with the regressor's innovation. The OLS estimator's "nitesample properties, derived here, can depart substantially from the standard regression setting. Bayesian ..."
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Cited by 257 (16 self)
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When a rate of return is regressed on a lagged stochastic regressor, such as a dividend yield, the regression disturbance is correlated with the regressor's innovation. The OLS estimator's "nitesample properties, derived here, can depart substantially from the standard regression setting. Bayesian posterior distributions for the regression parameters are obtained under speci"cations that di!er with respect to (i) prior beliefs about the autocorrelation of the regressor and (ii) whether the initial observation of the regressor is speci"ed as "xed or stochastic. The posteriors di!er across such speci"cations, and asset allocations in the presence of estimation risk exhibit sensitivity to those
Estimating macroeconomic models: a likelihood approach
, 2006
"... This paper shows how particle filtering facilitates likelihoodbased inference in dynamic macroeconomic models. The economies can be nonlinear and/or nonnormal. We describe how to use the output from the particle filter to estimate the structural parameters of the model, those characterizing prefer ..."
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Cited by 57 (21 self)
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This paper shows how particle filtering facilitates likelihoodbased inference in dynamic macroeconomic models. The economies can be nonlinear and/or nonnormal. We describe how to use the output from the particle filter to estimate the structural parameters of the model, those characterizing preferences and technology, and to compare different economies. Both tasks can be implemented from either a classical or a Bayesian perspective. We illustrate the technique by estimating a business cycle model with investmentspecific technological change, preference shocks, and stochastic volatility.
Comparing Dynamic Equilibrium Models to Data: A Bayesian Approach
"... This paper studies the properties of the Bayesian approach to estimation and comparison of dynamic equilibrium economies. Both tasks can be performed even if the models are nonnested, misspecified, and nonlinear. First, we show that Bayesian methods have a classical interpretation: asymptotically ..."
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Cited by 52 (12 self)
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This paper studies the properties of the Bayesian approach to estimation and comparison of dynamic equilibrium economies. Both tasks can be performed even if the models are nonnested, misspecified, and nonlinear. First, we show that Bayesian methods have a classical interpretation: asymptotically, the parameter point estimates converge to their pseudotrue values, and the best model under the KullbackLeibler distance will have the highest posterior probability. Second, we illustrate the strong small sample behavior of the approach using a wellknown application: the U.S. cattle cycle. Bayesian estimates outperform maximum likelihood results, and the proposed model is easily compared with a set of BVARs.
Bayesian vectorautoregressions with stochastic volatility
 Econometrica
, 1997
"... This paper proposes a Bayesian approach to a vector autoregression with stochastic volatility, where the multiplicative evolution of the precision matrix is driven by a multivariate beta variate. Exact updating formulas are given to the nonlinear filtering of the precision matrix. Estimation of the ..."
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Cited by 26 (0 self)
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This paper proposes a Bayesian approach to a vector autoregression with stochastic volatility, where the multiplicative evolution of the precision matrix is driven by a multivariate beta variate. Exact updating formulas are given to the nonlinear filtering of the precision matrix. Estimation of the autoregressive parameters requires numerical methods: an importancesampling based approach is explained here.
A Primer on Cointegration with an Application to Money and Income.” Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 73
, 1991
"... Federal Bank of St. Louis. ..."
Predictable returns and asset allocation: Should a skeptical investor time the market
 Journal of Econometrics
, 2009
"... are grateful for financial support from the Aronson+Johnson+Ortiz fellowship through the Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research. This manuscript does not reflect the views of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Predictable returns and asset allocation: Should a skeptical inv ..."
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Cited by 16 (0 self)
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are grateful for financial support from the Aronson+Johnson+Ortiz fellowship through the Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research. This manuscript does not reflect the views of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Predictable returns and asset allocation: Should a skeptical investor time the market? We investigate optimal portfolio choice for an investor who is skeptical about the degree to which excess returns are predictable. Skepticism is modeled as an informative prior over the R 2 of the predictive regression. We find that the evidence is sufficient to convince even an investor with a highly skeptical prior to vary his portfolio on the basis of the dividendprice ratio and the yield spread. The resulting weights are less volatile and deliver superior outofsample performance as compared to the weights implied by an entirely modelbased Are excess returns predictable, and if so, what does this mean for investors? In classic studies of rational valuation (e.g. Samuelson (1965, 1973), Shiller (1981)), risk premia are constant over time and thus excess returns are unpredictable. 1
The Econometrics of DSGE Models
, 2009
"... In this paper, I review the literature on the formulation and estimation of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models with a special emphasis on Bayesian methods. First, I discuss the evolution of DSGE models over the last couple of decades. Second, I explain why the profession has decide ..."
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Cited by 13 (1 self)
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In this paper, I review the literature on the formulation and estimation of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models with a special emphasis on Bayesian methods. First, I discuss the evolution of DSGE models over the last couple of decades. Second, I explain why the profession has decided to estimate these models using Bayesian methods. Third, I brie‡y introduce some of the techniques required to compute and estimate these models. Fourth, I illustrate the techniques under consideration by estimating a benchmark DSGE model with real and nominal rigidities. I conclude by o¤ering some pointers for future research.
A BAYESIAN STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ENHANCED GREENHOUSE EFFECT
"... Abstract. This paper demonstrates that there is a robust statistical relationship between the records of the global mean surface air temperature and the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide over the period 1870–1991. As such, the enhanced greenhouse effect is a plausible explanation for the o ..."
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Cited by 12 (1 self)
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Abstract. This paper demonstrates that there is a robust statistical relationship between the records of the global mean surface air temperature and the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide over the period 1870–1991. As such, the enhanced greenhouse effect is a plausible explanation for the observed global warming. Long term natural variability is another prime candidate for explaining the temperature rise of the last century. Analysis of natural variability from paleoreconstructions, however, shows that human activity is so much more likely an explanation that the earlier conclusion is not refuted. But, even if one believes in large natural climatic variability, the odds are invariably in favour of the enhanced greenhouse effect. The above conclusions hold for a range of statistical models, including one that is capable of describing the stabilization of the global mean temperature from the 1940s to the 1970s onwards. This model is also shown to be otherwise statistically adequate. The estimated climate sensitivity is about 3.8 C with a standard deviation of 0.9 C, but depends slightly on which model is preferred and how much natural variability is allowed. These estimates neglect, however, the fact that carbon dioxide is but one of a number of greenhouse gases and that sulphate aerosols may well have dampened warming. Acknowledging the fact that carbon dioxide is used as a proxy for all human induced changes in radiative forcing brings a lot of