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Separation and Information Hiding
, 2004
"... We investigate proof rules for information hiding, using the recent formalism of separation logic. In essence, we use the separating conjunction to partition the internal resources of a module from those accessed by the module's clients. The use of a logical connective gives rise to a form of dynami ..."
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Cited by 165 (22 self)
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We investigate proof rules for information hiding, using the recent formalism of separation logic. In essence, we use the separating conjunction to partition the internal resources of a module from those accessed by the module's clients. The use of a logical connective gives rise to a form of dynamic partitioning, where we track the transfer of ownership of portions of heap storage between program components. It also enables us to enforce separation in the presence of mutable data structures with embedded addresses that may be aliased.
Resources, Concurrency and Local Reasoning
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2004
"... In this paper we show how a resourceoriented logic, separation logic, can be used to reason about the usage of resources in concurrent programs. ..."
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Cited by 158 (5 self)
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In this paper we show how a resourceoriented logic, separation logic, can be used to reason about the usage of resources in concurrent programs.
Smallfoot: Modular automatic assertion checking with separation logic
 In International Symposium on Formal Methods for Components and Objects
, 2005
"... Abstract. Separation logic is a program logic for reasoning about programs that manipulate pointer data structures. We describe Smallfoot, a tool for checking certain lightweight separation logic specifications. The assertions describe the shapes of data structures rather than their detailed content ..."
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Cited by 114 (5 self)
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Abstract. Separation logic is a program logic for reasoning about programs that manipulate pointer data structures. We describe Smallfoot, a tool for checking certain lightweight separation logic specifications. The assertions describe the shapes of data structures rather than their detailed contents, and this allows reasoning to be fully automatic. The presentation in the paper is tutorial in style. We illustrate what the tool can do via examples which are oriented toward novel aspects of separation logic, namely: avoidance of frame axioms (which say what a procedure does not change); embracement of “dirty ” features such as memory disposal and address arithmetic; information hiding in the presence of pointers; and modular reasoning about concurrent programs. 1
Systematic Concurrent ObjectOriented Programming
 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
, 1993
"... Judging by the looks of the two parties, the marriage between concurrent computation and objectoriented programminga union much desired by practitioners in such fields as telecommunications, highperformance computing, banking and operating systems appears easy enough to arrange. This appearance, ..."
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Cited by 109 (1 self)
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Judging by the looks of the two parties, the marriage between concurrent computation and objectoriented programminga union much desired by practitioners in such fields as telecommunications, highperformance computing, banking and operating systems appears easy enough to arrange. This appearance, however, is deceptive: the problem is a hard one. This article points the way toward a possible solution. The precise problem examined here is restricted to: What is the smallest, smallest and most convincing extension to the method of systematic objectoriented software construction that can address the need of concurrent and distributed computinng as well as those of sequential computations? The article does not claim to discuss concurrency and distribution in a general and unbiased way
Compositional Shape Analysis by means of BiAbduction
, 2009
"... This paper describes a compositional shape analysis, where each procedure is analyzed independently of its callers. The analysis uses an abstract domain based on a restricted fragment of separation logic, and assigns a collection of Hoare triples to each procedure; the triples provide an overapprox ..."
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Cited by 87 (16 self)
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This paper describes a compositional shape analysis, where each procedure is analyzed independently of its callers. The analysis uses an abstract domain based on a restricted fragment of separation logic, and assigns a collection of Hoare triples to each procedure; the triples provide an overapproximation of data structure usage. Compositionality brings its usual benefits – increased potential to scale, ability to deal with unknown calling contexts, graceful way to deal with imprecision – to shape analysis, for the first time. The analysis rests on a generalized form of abduction (inference of explanatory hypotheses) which we call biabduction. Biabduction displays abduction as a kind of inverse to the frame problem: it jointly infers antiframes (missing portions of state) and frames (portions of state not touched by an operation), and is the basis of a new interprocedural analysis algorithm. We have implemented
Ten Years of Hoare's Logic: A Survey  Part l
, 1981
"... A survey of various results concerning Hoare's approach to proving partial and total correctness of programs is presented. Emphasis is placed on the soundness and completeness issues. Various proof systems for while programs, recursive procedures, local variable declarations, and procedures with par ..."
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Cited by 66 (2 self)
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A survey of various results concerning Hoare's approach to proving partial and total correctness of programs is presented. Emphasis is placed on the soundness and completeness issues. Various proof systems for while programs, recursive procedures, local variable declarations, and procedures with parameters, together with the corresponding soundness, completeness, and incompleteness results, are discussed.
Bi hyperdoctrines, higherorder separation logic, and abstraction
 IN ESOP’05, LNCS
, 2005
"... We present a precise correspondence between separation logic and a simple notion of predicate BI, extending the earlier correspondence given between part of separation logic and propositional BI. Moreover, we introduce the notion of a BI hyperdoctrine and show that it soundly models classical and in ..."
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Cited by 57 (22 self)
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We present a precise correspondence between separation logic and a simple notion of predicate BI, extending the earlier correspondence given between part of separation logic and propositional BI. Moreover, we introduce the notion of a BI hyperdoctrine and show that it soundly models classical and intuitionistic first and higherorder predicate BI, and use it to show that we may easily extend separation logic to higherorder. We also demonstrate that this extension is important for program proving, since it provides sound reasoning principles for data abstraction in the presence of
Interprocedural shape analysis with separated heap abstractions
 In SAS
, 2006
"... Abstract. We describe an interprocedural shape analysis that makes use of spatial locality (i.e. the fact that most procedures modify only a small subset of the heap) in its representation of abstract states. Instead of tracking reachability information directly and aliasing information indirectly, ..."
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Cited by 54 (7 self)
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Abstract. We describe an interprocedural shape analysis that makes use of spatial locality (i.e. the fact that most procedures modify only a small subset of the heap) in its representation of abstract states. Instead of tracking reachability information directly and aliasing information indirectly, our representation tracks reachability indirectly and aliasing state is easy because the representation exhibits spatial locality mirroring the locality that is present in the concrete semantics. The benefits of this approach include improved speed, support for programs that deallocate memory, the handling of bounded numbers of heap cutpoints, and support for cyclic and shared data structures. 1
Synchronization Primitives for a Multiprocessor: A Formal Specification
, 1987
"... Formal specifications of operating system interfaces can be a useful part of their documentation. We illustrate this by documenting the Threads synchronization primitives of the Taos operating system. We start with an informal description, present a way to formally specify interfaces in concurrent s ..."
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Cited by 38 (6 self)
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Formal specifications of operating system interfaces can be a useful part of their documentation. We illustrate this by documenting the Threads synchronization primitives of the Taos operating system. We start with an informal description, present a way to formally specify interfaces in concurrent systems, and then give a formal specification of the synchronization primitives. We briefly discuss both the implementation and what we have learned from using the specification for more than a year. Our main conclusion is that programmers untrained in reading formal specifications have found this one helpful in getting their work done. iii Introduction The careful documentation of interfaces is an important step in the production of software upon which other software is to be built. If people are to use software without having to understand its implementation, documentation must convey semantic as well as syntactic information. When the software involves concurrency, adequate documentatio...
Hoare Logic and Auxiliary Variables
 Formal Aspects of Computing
, 1998
"... Auxiliary variables are essential for specifying programs in Hoare Logic. They are required to relate the value of variables in different states. However, the axioms and rules of Hoare Logic turn a blind eye to the rle of auxiliary variables. We stipulate a new structural rule for adjusting auxiliar ..."
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Cited by 38 (0 self)
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Auxiliary variables are essential for specifying programs in Hoare Logic. They are required to relate the value of variables in different states. However, the axioms and rules of Hoare Logic turn a blind eye to the rle of auxiliary variables. We stipulate a new structural rule for adjusting auxiliary variables when strengthening preconditions and weakening postconditions. Courtesy of this new rule, Hoare Logic is adaptation complete, which benefits software reuse. This property is responsible for a number of improvements. Relative completeness follows uniformly from the Most General Formula property. Moreover, contrary to common belief, one can show that Hoare Logic subsumes VDM's operation decomposition rules in that every derivation in VDM can be naturally embedded in Hoare Logic. Furthermore, the new treatment leads to a significant simplification in the presentation for verification calculi dealing with more interesting features such as recursion or concurrency.