Results 1  10
of
29
Dominating Sets in Planar Graphs: BranchWidth and Exponential Speedup
, 2002
"... Graph minors theory, developed by Robertson & Seymour, provides a list of powerful theoretical results and tools. However, the wide spread opinion in Graph Algorithms community about this theory is that it is mainly of theoretical importance. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 68 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Graph minors theory, developed by Robertson & Seymour, provides a list of powerful theoretical results and tools. However, the wide spread opinion in Graph Algorithms community about this theory is that it is mainly of theoretical importance.
PolynomialTime Data Reduction for DOMINATING SET
 Journal of the ACM
, 2004
"... Dealing with the NPcomplete Dominating Set problem on graphs, we demonstrate the power of data reduction by preprocessing from a theoretical as well as a practical side. In particular, we prove that Dominating Set restricted to planar graphs has a socalled problem kernel of linear size, achiev ..."
Abstract

Cited by 39 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Dealing with the NPcomplete Dominating Set problem on graphs, we demonstrate the power of data reduction by preprocessing from a theoretical as well as a practical side. In particular, we prove that Dominating Set restricted to planar graphs has a socalled problem kernel of linear size, achieved by two simple and easy to implement reduction rules. Moreover, having implemented our reduction rules, first experiments indicate the impressive practical potential of these rules. Thus, this work seems to open up a new and prospective way how to cope with one of the most important problems in graph theory and combinatorial optimization.
Bidimensional parameters and local treewidth
 SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics
, 2004
"... Abstract. For several graph theoretic parameters such as vertex cover and dominating set, it is known that if their values are bounded by k then the treewidth of the graph is bounded by some function of k. This fact is used as the main tool for the design of several fixedparameter algorithms on min ..."
Abstract

Cited by 26 (11 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. For several graph theoretic parameters such as vertex cover and dominating set, it is known that if their values are bounded by k then the treewidth of the graph is bounded by some function of k. This fact is used as the main tool for the design of several fixedparameter algorithms on minorclosed graph classes such as planar graphs, singlecrossingminorfree graphs, and graphs of bounded genus. In this paper we examine the question whether similar bounds can be obtained for larger minorclosed graph classes, and for general families of parameters including all the parameters where such a behavior has been reported so far. Given a graph parameter P, we say that a graph family F has the parametertreewidth property for P if there is a function f(p) such that every graph G ∈ F with parameter at most p has treewidth at most f(p). We prove as our main result that, for a large family of parameters called contractionbidimensional parameters, a minorclosed graph family F has the parametertreewidth property if F has bounded local treewidth. We also show “if and only if ” for some parameters, and thus this result is in some sense tight. In addition we show that, for a slightly smaller family of parameters called minorbidimensional parameters, all minorclosed graph families F excluding some fixed graphs have the parametertreewidth property. The bidimensional parameters include many domination and covering parameters such as vertex cover, feedback vertex set, dominating set, edgedominating set, qdominating set (for fixed q). We use these theorems to develop new fixedparameter algorithms in these contexts. 1
Approximation Algorithms for Classes of Graphs Excluding SingleCrossing Graphs as Minors
"... Many problems that are intractable for general graphs allow polynomialtime solutions for structured classes of graphs, such as planar graphs and graphs of bounded treewidth. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 25 (16 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Many problems that are intractable for general graphs allow polynomialtime solutions for structured classes of graphs, such as planar graphs and graphs of bounded treewidth.
Efficient Data Reduction for Dominating Set: A Linear Problem Kernel for the Planar Case (Extended Abstract)
 Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS
, 2002
"... Dealing with the NPcomplete Dominating Set problem on undirected graphs, we demonstrate the power of data reduction by preprocessing from a theoretical as well as a practical side. In particular, we prove that Dominating Set on planar graphs has a socalled problem kernel of linear size, achieved ..."
Abstract

Cited by 22 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Dealing with the NPcomplete Dominating Set problem on undirected graphs, we demonstrate the power of data reduction by preprocessing from a theoretical as well as a practical side. In particular, we prove that Dominating Set on planar graphs has a socalled problem kernel of linear size, achieved by two simple and easy to implement reduction rules. This answers an open question from previous work on the parameterized complexity of Dominating Set on planar graphs.
A Structural View on Parameterizing Problems: Distance from Triviality
 In First International Workshop on Parameterized and Exact Computation, IWPEC 2004, LNCS Proceedings
, 2004
"... Based on a series of known and new examples, we propose the generalized setting of "distance from triviality" measurement as a reasonable and prospective way of determining useful structural problem parameters in analyzing computationally hard problems. The underlying idea is to consider tractab ..."
Abstract

Cited by 22 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Based on a series of known and new examples, we propose the generalized setting of "distance from triviality" measurement as a reasonable and prospective way of determining useful structural problem parameters in analyzing computationally hard problems. The underlying idea is to consider tractable special cases of generally hard problems and to introduce parameters that measure the distance from these special cases. In this paper we present several case studies of distance from triviality parameterizations (concerning Clique, Power Dominating Set, Set Cover, and Longest Common Subsequence) that exhibit the versatility of this approach to develop important new views for computational complexity analysis.
Techniques For Practical FixedParameter Algorithms
, 2007
"... The fixedparameter approach is an algorithm design technique for solving combinatorially hard (mostly NPhard) problems. For some of these problems, it can lead to algorithms that are both efficient and yet at the same time guaranteed to find optimal solutions. Focusing on their application to solv ..."
Abstract

Cited by 20 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The fixedparameter approach is an algorithm design technique for solving combinatorially hard (mostly NPhard) problems. For some of these problems, it can lead to algorithms that are both efficient and yet at the same time guaranteed to find optimal solutions. Focusing on their application to solving NPhard problems in practice, we survey three main techniques to develop fixedparameter algorithms, namely: kernelization (data reduction with provable performance guarantee), depthbounded search trees and a new technique called iterative compression. Our discussion is circumstantiated by several concrete case studies and provides pointers to various current challenges in the field.
Linearity of Grid Minors in Treewidth with Applications through Bidimensionality
, 2005
"... We prove that any Hminorfree graph, for a fixed graph H, of treewidth w has an \Omega (w) *\Omega ( w) grid graph as a minor. Thus grid minors suffice to certify that Hminorfree graphs havelarge treewidth, up to constant factors. This strong relationship was previously known for the special cas ..."
Abstract

Cited by 20 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We prove that any Hminorfree graph, for a fixed graph H, of treewidth w has an \Omega (w) *\Omega ( w) grid graph as a minor. Thus grid minors suffice to certify that Hminorfree graphs havelarge treewidth, up to constant factors. This strong relationship was previously known for the special cases of planar graphs and boundedgenus graphs, and is known not to hold for generalgraphs. The approach of this paper can be viewed more generally as a framework for extending combinatorial results on planar graphs to hold on Hminorfree graphs for any fixed H. Ourresult has many combinatorial consequences on bidimensionality theory, parametertreewidth bounds, separator theorems, and bounded local treewidth; each of these combinatorial resultshas several algorithmic consequences including subexponential fixedparameter algorithms and approximation algorithms.
Graphs Excluding a Fixed Minor have Grids as Large as Treewidth, with Combinatorial and Algorithmic Applications through Bidimensionality
, 2005
"... We prove that any Hminorfree graph, for a fixed graph H, of treewidth w has an Ω(w) × Ω(w) grid graph as a minor. Thus grid minors suffice to certify that Hminorfree graphs have large treewidth, up to constant factors. This strong relationship was previously known for the special cases of plana ..."
Abstract

Cited by 19 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We prove that any Hminorfree graph, for a fixed graph H, of treewidth w has an Ω(w) × Ω(w) grid graph as a minor. Thus grid minors suffice to certify that Hminorfree graphs have large treewidth, up to constant factors. This strong relationship was previously known for the special cases of planar graphs and boundedgenus graphs, and is known not to hold for general graphs. The approach of this paper can be viewed more generally as a framework for extending combinatorial results on planar graphs to hold on Hminorfree graphs for any fixed H. Our result has many combinatorial consequences on bidimensionality theory, parametertreewidth bounds, separator theorems, and bounded local treewidth; each of these combinatorial results has several algorithmic consequences including subexponential fixedparameter algorithms and approximation algorithms.
Faster fixed parameter tractable algorithms for undirected feedback vertex set
 In Proc. 13th ISAAC, volume 2518 of LNCS
, 2002
"... Abstract. A feedback vertex set (fvs) of a graph is a set of vertices whose removal results in an acyclic graph. We show that if an undirected graph on n vertices with minimum degree at least 3 has a fvs on at most 1 3 n1−ɛ vertices, then there is a cycle of length at most 6 (for ɛ ≥ 1/2, we can eve ..."
Abstract

Cited by 18 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. A feedback vertex set (fvs) of a graph is a set of vertices whose removal results in an acyclic graph. We show that if an undirected graph on n vertices with minimum degree at least 3 has a fvs on at most 1 3 n1−ɛ vertices, then there is a cycle of length at most 6 (for ɛ ≥ 1/2, we can even improve ɛ this to just 6). 12 log k Using this, we obtain a O(( log log k + 6)knω) algorithm for testing whether an undirected graph on n vertices has a fvs of size at most k. Here nω is the complexity of the best matrix multiplication algorithm. The previous best parameterized algorithm for this problem took O((2k + 1) k n2) time. We also investigate the fixed parameter complexity of weighted feedback vertex set problem in weighted undirected graphs.