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132
A Tight Bound on Approximating Arbitrary Metrics by Tree Metrics
 In Proceedings of the 35th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
, 2003
"... In this paper, we show that any n point metric space can be embedded into a distribution over dominating tree metrics such that the expected stretch of any edge is O(log n). This improves upon the result of Bartal who gave a bound of O(log n log log n). Moreover, our result is existentially tight; t ..."
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Cited by 269 (7 self)
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In this paper, we show that any n point metric space can be embedded into a distribution over dominating tree metrics such that the expected stretch of any edge is O(log n). This improves upon the result of Bartal who gave a bound of O(log n log log n). Moreover, our result is existentially tight; there exist metric spaces where any tree embedding must have distortion#sto n)distortion. This problem lies at the heart of numerous approximation and online algorithms including ones for group Steiner tree, metric labeling, buyatbulk network design and metrical task system. Our result improves the performance guarantees for all of these problems.
Expander Flows, Geometric Embeddings and Graph Partitioning
 IN 36TH ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE THEORY OF COMPUTING
, 2004
"... We give a O( log n)approximation algorithm for sparsest cut, balanced separator, and graph conductance problems. This improves the O(log n)approximation of Leighton and Rao (1988). We use a wellknown semidefinite relaxation with triangle inequality constraints. Central to our analysis is a ..."
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Cited by 238 (18 self)
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We give a O( log n)approximation algorithm for sparsest cut, balanced separator, and graph conductance problems. This improves the O(log n)approximation of Leighton and Rao (1988). We use a wellknown semidefinite relaxation with triangle inequality constraints. Central to our analysis is a geometric theorem about projections of point sets in , whose proof makes essential use of a phenomenon called measure concentration.
On Metric RamseyType Phenomena
"... The main question studied in this article may be viewed as a nonlinear analog of Dvoretzky's Theorem in Banach space theory or as part of Ramsey Theory in combinatorics. ..."
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Cited by 69 (39 self)
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The main question studied in this article may be viewed as a nonlinear analog of Dvoretzky's Theorem in Banach space theory or as part of Ramsey Theory in combinatorics.
LowDistortion Embeddings of Finite Metric Spaces
 in Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry
, 2004
"... INTRODUCTION An npoint metric space (X; D) can be represented by an n n table specifying the distances. Such tables arise in many diverse areas. For example, consider the following scenario in microbiology: X is a collection of bacterial strains, and for every two strains, one is given their diss ..."
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Cited by 51 (0 self)
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INTRODUCTION An npoint metric space (X; D) can be represented by an n n table specifying the distances. Such tables arise in many diverse areas. For example, consider the following scenario in microbiology: X is a collection of bacterial strains, and for every two strains, one is given their dissimilarity (computed, say, by comparing their DNA). It is dicult to see any structure in a large table of numbers, and so we would like to represent a given metric space in a more comprehensible way. For example, it would be very nice if we could assign to each x 2 X a point f(x) in the plane in such a way that D(x; y) equals the Euclidean distance of f(x) and f(y). Such a representation would allow us to see the structure of the metric space: tight clusters, isolated points, and so on. Another advantage would be that the metric would now be represented by only 2n real numbers, the coordinates of the n points in the plane, instead of numbers as before. Moreover, many quantities concern
Finite Metric Spaces  Combinatorics, Geometry and Algorithms
 In Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians III
, 2002
"... This article deals only with what might be called the geometrization of combinatorics. Namely, the idea that viewing combinatorial objects from a geometric perspective often yields unexpected insights. Even more concretely, we concentrate on finite metric spaces and their embeddings ..."
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Cited by 49 (2 self)
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This article deals only with what might be called the geometrization of combinatorics. Namely, the idea that viewing combinatorial objects from a geometric perspective often yields unexpected insights. Even more concretely, we concentrate on finite metric spaces and their embeddings
Minimax rates of estimation for highdimensional linear regression over balls
, 2009
"... Abstract—Consider the highdimensional linear regression model,where is an observation vector, is a design matrix with, is an unknown regression vector, and is additive Gaussian noise. This paper studies the minimax rates of convergence for estimating in eitherloss andprediction loss, assuming tha ..."
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Cited by 43 (15 self)
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Abstract—Consider the highdimensional linear regression model,where is an observation vector, is a design matrix with, is an unknown regression vector, and is additive Gaussian noise. This paper studies the minimax rates of convergence for estimating in eitherloss andprediction loss, assuming that belongs to anball for some.Itisshown that under suitable regularity conditions on the design matrix, the minimax optimal rate inloss andprediction loss scales as. The analysis in this paper reveals that conditions on the design matrix enter into the rates forerror andprediction error in complementary ways in the upper and lower bounds. Our proofs of the lower bounds are information theoretic in nature, based on Fano’s inequality and results on the metric entropy of the balls, whereas our proofs of the upper bounds are constructive, involving direct analysis of least squares overballs. For the special case, corresponding to models with an exact sparsity constraint, our results show that although computationally efficientbased methods can achieve the minimax rates up to constant factors, they require slightly stronger assumptions on the design matrix than optimal algorithms involving leastsquares over theball. Index Terms—Compressed sensing, minimax techniques, regression analysis. I.
On Bregman Voronoi Diagrams
 in "Proc. 18th ACMSIAM Sympos. Discrete Algorithms
, 2007
"... The Voronoi diagram of a point set is a fundamental geometric structure that partitions the space into elementary regions of influence defining a discrete proximity graph and dually a wellshaped Delaunay triangulation. In this paper, we investigate a framework for defining and building the Voronoi ..."
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Cited by 42 (22 self)
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The Voronoi diagram of a point set is a fundamental geometric structure that partitions the space into elementary regions of influence defining a discrete proximity graph and dually a wellshaped Delaunay triangulation. In this paper, we investigate a framework for defining and building the Voronoi diagrams for a broad class of distortion measures called Bregman divergences, that includes not only the traditional (squared) Euclidean distance, but also various divergence measures based on entropic functions. As a byproduct, Bregman Voronoi diagrams allow one to define informationtheoretic Voronoi diagrams in statistical parametric spaces based on the relative entropy of distributions. We show that for a given Bregman divergence, one can define several types of Voronoi diagrams related to each other
Estimation of (near) lowrank matrices with noise and highdimensional scaling
"... We study an instance of highdimensional statistical inference in which the goal is to use N noisy observations to estimate a matrix Θ ∗ ∈ R k×p that is assumed to be either exactly low rank, or “near ” lowrank, meaning that it can be wellapproximated by a matrix with low rank. We consider an Me ..."
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Cited by 38 (11 self)
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We study an instance of highdimensional statistical inference in which the goal is to use N noisy observations to estimate a matrix Θ ∗ ∈ R k×p that is assumed to be either exactly low rank, or “near ” lowrank, meaning that it can be wellapproximated by a matrix with low rank. We consider an Mestimator based on regularization by the traceornuclearnormovermatrices, andanalyze its performance under highdimensional scaling. We provide nonasymptotic bounds on the Frobenius norm error that hold for a generalclassofnoisyobservationmodels,and apply to both exactly lowrank and approximately lowrank matrices. We then illustrate their consequences for a number of specific learning models, including lowrank multivariate or multitask regression, system identification in vector autoregressive processes, and recovery of lowrank matrices from random projections. Simulations show excellent agreement with the highdimensional scaling of the error predicted by our theory. 1.
The Convex Geometry of Linear Inverse Problems
, 2010
"... In applications throughout science and engineering one is often faced with the challenge of solving an illposed inverse problem, where the number of available measurements is smaller than the dimension of the model to be estimated. However in many practical situations of interest, models are constr ..."
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Cited by 38 (10 self)
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In applications throughout science and engineering one is often faced with the challenge of solving an illposed inverse problem, where the number of available measurements is smaller than the dimension of the model to be estimated. However in many practical situations of interest, models are constrained structurally so that they only have a few degrees of freedom relative to their ambient dimension. This paper provides a general framework to convert notions of simplicity into convex penalty functions, resulting in convex optimization solutions to linear, underdetermined inverse problems. The class of simple models considered are those formed as the sum of a few atoms from some (possibly infinite) elementary atomic set; examples include wellstudied cases such as sparse vectors (e.g., signal processing, statistics) and lowrank matrices (e.g., control, statistics), as well as several others including sums of a few permutations matrices (e.g., ranked elections, multiobject tracking), lowrank tensors (e.g., computer vision, neuroscience), orthogonal matrices (e.g., machine learning), and atomic measures (e.g., system identification). The convex programming formulation is based on minimizing the norm induced by the convex hull of the atomic set; this norm is referred to as the atomic norm. The facial