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63
Graph Visualization and Navigation in Information Visualization: a Survey
 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
, 2000
"... This is a survey on graph visualization and navigation techniques, as used in information visualization. Graphs appear in numerous applications such as web browsing, statetransition diagrams, and data structures. The ability to visualize and to navigate in these potentially large, abstract graphs ..."
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Cited by 322 (3 self)
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This is a survey on graph visualization and navigation techniques, as used in information visualization. Graphs appear in numerous applications such as web browsing, statetransition diagrams, and data structures. The ability to visualize and to navigate in these potentially large, abstract graphs is often a crucial part of an application. Information visualization has specific requirements, which means that this survey approaches the results of traditional graph drawing from a different perspective. Index TermsInformation visualization, graph visualization, graph drawing, navigation, focus+context, fisheye, clustering. 1
On Linear Layouts of Graphs
, 2004
"... In a total order of the vertices of a graph, two edges with no endpoint in common can be crossing, nested, or disjoint. A kstack (resp... ..."
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Cited by 31 (19 self)
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In a total order of the vertices of a graph, two edges with no endpoint in common can be crossing, nested, or disjoint. A kstack (resp...
Synthesis of Wiring SignatureInvariant Equivalence Class Circuit Mutants and Applications to Benchmarking
, 1998
"... This paper formalizes the synthesis process of wiring signatur einvariant (WSI) combinational circuit mutants. The signature 0 is defined by a reference circuit 0, which itself is modeled as a canonic alform of a directed bipartite graph. A wiring perturbation induces a perturbed reference circuit ..."
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Cited by 28 (16 self)
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This paper formalizes the synthesis process of wiring signatur einvariant (WSI) combinational circuit mutants. The signature 0 is defined by a reference circuit 0, which itself is modeled as a canonic alform of a directed bipartite graph. A wiring perturbation induces a perturbed reference circuit. A number of mutant circuits i can be resynthesized from the perturbed circuit. The mutants of interest are the ones that belong to the wiringsignature invariant equivalenc e classN 0, i.e. the mutants i 2N 0. Cir cuit mutants i 2N 0have a number of useful properties. For any wiring perturbation, the size of the wiring signatureinvariant equivalence class is huge. Notably, circuits in this class are not random, although for un biased testing and benchmarking purp oses, mutant selections from this class are typically random. For each reference circuit, we synthesized eight equivalence subclasses of circuit mutants, based on 0 to 100 % perturbation. Each subclass contains 100 randomly chosen mutant circuits, each listed in a different random order. The 14,400 benchmarking experiments with 3200 mutants in 4 equivalence classes, covering 13 typical EDA algorithms, demonstrate that an unbiased random selection of such circuits can lead to statistically meaningful differentiation and improvements of existing and new algorithms.
Confluent drawings: Visualizing NonPlanar Diagrams in a Planar Way
 GRAPH DRAWING (PROC. GD ’03), VOLUME 2912 OF LECTURE NOTES COMPUT. SCI
, 2003
"... We introduce a new approach for drawing diagrams. Our approach is to use a technique we call confluent drawing for visualizing nonplanar graphs in a planar way. This approach allows us to draw, in a crossingfree manner, graphs—such as software interaction diagrams—that would normally have many cro ..."
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Cited by 28 (7 self)
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We introduce a new approach for drawing diagrams. Our approach is to use a technique we call confluent drawing for visualizing nonplanar graphs in a planar way. This approach allows us to draw, in a crossingfree manner, graphs—such as software interaction diagrams—that would normally have many crossings. The main idea of this approach is quite simple: we allow groups of edges to be merged together and drawn as “tracks” (similar to train tracks). Producing such confluent drawings automatically from a graph with many crossings is quite challenging, however, we offer a heuristic algorithm (one version for undirected graphs and one version for directed ones) to test if a nonplanar graph can be drawn efficiently in a confluent way. In addition, we identify several large classes of graphs that can be completely categorized as being either confluently drawable or confluently nondrawable.
On the Parameterized Complexity of Layered Graph Drawing
 PROC. 5TH ANNUAL EUROPEAN SYMP. ON ALGORITHMS (ESA '01
, 2001
"... We consider graph drawings in which vertices are assigned to layers and edges are drawn as straight linesegments between vertices on adjacent layers. We prove that graphs admitting crossingfree hlayer drawings (for fixed h) have bounded pathwidth. We then use a path decomposition as the basis for ..."
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Cited by 21 (9 self)
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We consider graph drawings in which vertices are assigned to layers and edges are drawn as straight linesegments between vertices on adjacent layers. We prove that graphs admitting crossingfree hlayer drawings (for fixed h) have bounded pathwidth. We then use a path decomposition as the basis for a lineartime algorithm to decide if a graph has a crossingfree hlayer drawing (for fixed h). This algorithm is extended to solve a large number of related problems, including allowing at most k crossings, or removing at most r edges to leave a crossingfree drawing (for fixed k or r). If the number of crossings or deleted edges is a nonfixed parameter then these problems are NPcomplete. For each setting, we can also permit downward drawings of directed graphs and drawings in which edges may span multiple layers, in which case the total span or the maximum span of edges can be minimized. In contrast to the socalled Sugiyama method for layered graph drawing, our algorithms do not assume a preassignment of the vertices to layers.
Exploratory Network Visualization: Simultaneous Display of Actor Status and Connections
, 2001
"... We propose a novel visualization approach that facilitates graphical exploration and communication of relative actor status in social networks. The main idea is to map, in a drawing of the entire network, actor status scores to vertical coordinates. The resulting problem of determining horizonta ..."
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Cited by 21 (6 self)
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We propose a novel visualization approach that facilitates graphical exploration and communication of relative actor status in social networks. The main idea is to map, in a drawing of the entire network, actor status scores to vertical coordinates. The resulting problem of determining horizontal positions of actors and routing of connecting lines such that the overall layout is readable is algorithmically difficult, yet wellstudied in the literature on graph drawing. We outline a customized approach. The advantages
A Polyhedral Approach to the MultiLayer Crossing Minimization Problem
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON GRAPH DRAWING, LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE 1353
, 1997
"... We study the multilayer crossing minimization problem from a polyhedral point of view. After the introduction of an integer programming formulation of the multilayer crossing minimization problem, we examine the 2layer case and derive several classes of facets of the associated polytope. Prelimin ..."
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Cited by 20 (2 self)
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We study the multilayer crossing minimization problem from a polyhedral point of view. After the introduction of an integer programming formulation of the multilayer crossing minimization problem, we examine the 2layer case and derive several classes of facets of the associated polytope. Preliminary computational results for 2 and 3layer instances indicate, that the usage of the corresponding facetdefining inequalities in a branchandcut approach may only lead to a practically useful algorithm, if deeper polyhedral studies are conducted.
A Radial Adaptation of the Sugiyama Framework for Visualizing Hierarchical Information
, 2007
"... In radial drawings of hierarchical graphs the vertices are placed on concentric circles rather than on horizontal lines and the edges are drawn as outwards monotone segments of spirals rather than straight lines as it is both done in the standard Sugiyama framework. This drawing style is well suite ..."
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Cited by 19 (7 self)
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In radial drawings of hierarchical graphs the vertices are placed on concentric circles rather than on horizontal lines and the edges are drawn as outwards monotone segments of spirals rather than straight lines as it is both done in the standard Sugiyama framework. This drawing style is well suited for the visualisation of centrality in social networks and similar concepts. Radial drawings also allow a more flexible edge routing than horizontal drawings, as edges can be routed around the center in two directions. In experimental results this reduces the number of crossings by approximately 30 percent on average. Few crossings are one of the major criteria for human readability. This paper is a detailed description of a complete framework for visualizing hierarchical information in a new radial fashion. Particularly, we briefly cover extensions of the level assignment step to benefit by the increasing perimeters of the circles, present three heuristics for crossing reduction in radial level drawings, and also show how to visualize the results.
An Approach for Mixed Upward Planarization
 In Proc. 7th International Workshop on Algorithms and Data Structures (WADS’01
, 2003
"... In this paper, we consider the problem of finding a mixed upward planarization of a mixed graph, i.e., a graph with directed and undirected edges. The problem is a generalization of the planarization problem for undirected graphs and is motivated by several applications in graph drawing. ..."
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Cited by 15 (2 self)
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In this paper, we consider the problem of finding a mixed upward planarization of a mixed graph, i.e., a graph with directed and undirected edges. The problem is a generalization of the planarization problem for undirected graphs and is motivated by several applications in graph drawing.
Heuristics and Experimental Design for Bigraph Crossing Number Minimization
 IN ALGORITHM ENGINEERING AND EXPERIMENTATION (ALENEX’99), NUMBER 1619 IN LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1999
"... The bigraph crossing problem, embedding the two vertex sets of a bipartite graph G = (V0;V1;E) along two parallel lines so that edge crossings are minimized, has application to circuit layout and graph drawing. We consider the case where both V0 and V1 can be permuted arbitrarily  both this and ..."
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Cited by 14 (9 self)
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The bigraph crossing problem, embedding the two vertex sets of a bipartite graph G = (V0;V1;E) along two parallel lines so that edge crossings are minimized, has application to circuit layout and graph drawing. We consider the case where both V0 and V1 can be permuted arbitrarily  both this and the case where the order of one vertex set is fixed are NPhard. Two new heuristics that perform well on sparse graphs such as occur in circuit layout problems are presented. The new heuristics outperform existing heuristics on graph classes that range from applicationspecific to random. Our experimental design methodology ensures that differences in performance are statistically significant and not the result of minor variations in graph structure or input order.