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23
ThreeDimensional Orthogonal Graph Drawing
, 2000
"... vi Declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . ..."
Abstract

Cited by 27 (10 self)
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vi Declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii List of Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv I Orthogonal Graph Drawing 1 1
ThreeDimensional Orthogonal Graph Drawing with Optimal Volume
"... An orthogonal drawing of a graph is an embedding of the graph in the rectangular grid, with vertices represented by axisaligned boxes, and edges represented by paths in the grid which only possibly intersect at common endpoints. In this paper, we study threedimensional orthogonal drawings and prov ..."
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Cited by 21 (7 self)
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An orthogonal drawing of a graph is an embedding of the graph in the rectangular grid, with vertices represented by axisaligned boxes, and edges represented by paths in the grid which only possibly intersect at common endpoints. In this paper, we study threedimensional orthogonal drawings and provide lower bounds for three scenarios: (1) drawings where vertices have bounded aspect ratio, (2) drawings where the surface of vertices is proportional to their degree, and (3) drawings without any such restrictions. Then we show that these lower bounds are asymptotically optimal, by providing constructions that match the lower bounds in all scenarios within an order of magnitude.
Difference Metrics for Interactive Orthogonal Graph Drawing Algorithms
 Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications
, 1998
"... Preserving the “mental map ” is a major goal of interactive graph drawing algorithms. Several models have been proposed for formalizing the notion of mental map. Additional work needs to be done to formulate and validate “difference ” metrics which can be used in practice. This paper introduces a fr ..."
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Cited by 20 (2 self)
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Preserving the “mental map ” is a major goal of interactive graph drawing algorithms. Several models have been proposed for formalizing the notion of mental map. Additional work needs to be done to formulate and validate “difference ” metrics which can be used in practice. This paper introduces a framework for defining and validating metrics to measure the difference between two drawings of the same graph, and gives a preliminary experimental analysis of several simple metrics.
MultiDimensional Orthogonal Graph Drawing with Small Boxes
 Proc. 7th International Symp. on Graph Drawing (GD '99
, 1999
"... In this paper we investigate the general position model for the drawing of arbitrary degree graphs in the Ddimensional (D >= 2) orthogonal grid. In this model no two vertices lie in the same grid hyperplane. ..."
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Cited by 13 (5 self)
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In this paper we investigate the general position model for the drawing of arbitrary degree graphs in the Ddimensional (D >= 2) orthogonal grid. In this model no two vertices lie in the same grid hyperplane.
A user study in similarity measures for graph drawing
 Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications
, 2002
"... The need for a similarity measure for comparing two drawings of graphs arises in problems such as interactive graph drawing and the indexing or browsing of large sets of graphs. Many applications have been based on intuitive ideas of what makes two drawings look similar — for example, the idea that ..."
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Cited by 11 (0 self)
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The need for a similarity measure for comparing two drawings of graphs arises in problems such as interactive graph drawing and the indexing or browsing of large sets of graphs. Many applications have been based on intuitive ideas of what makes two drawings look similar — for example, the idea that vertex positions should not change much. In this paper, we formally define several of these intuitive ideas of similarity and present the results of a user study designed to evaluate how well these measures reflect human perception of similarity.
Visualization of the high level structure of the internet with hermes
 in Computer Science at the Technische Universität München in 1998. In
, 2002
"... Hermes is a system for exploring and visualizing the Internet structure at the level of the Autonomous Systems and their interconnections. It relies on a threetier architecture, on a large repository of routing information coming from heterogeneous sources, and on sophisticated graph drawing engine ..."
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Cited by 9 (9 self)
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Hermes is a system for exploring and visualizing the Internet structure at the level of the Autonomous Systems and their interconnections. It relies on a threetier architecture, on a large repository of routing information coming from heterogeneous sources, and on sophisticated graph drawing engine. Such an engine exploits static and dynamic graph drawing techniques, specifically devised for the visualization of large graphs with high density.
Dynamic Grid Embedding with Few Bends and Changes
, 1998
"... In orthogonal graph drawing, edges are represented by sequences of horizontal and vertical straight line segments. For graphs of degree at most four, this can be achieved by embedding the graph in a grid. The number of bends displayed is an important criterion for layout quality. A wellknown al ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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In orthogonal graph drawing, edges are represented by sequences of horizontal and vertical straight line segments. For graphs of degree at most four, this can be achieved by embedding the graph in a grid. The number of bends displayed is an important criterion for layout quality. A wellknown algorithm of Tamassia eciently embeds a planar graph with xed combinatorial embedding and vertex degree at most four in the grid such that the number of bends is minimum [23].
Minimising the Number of Bends and Volume in ThreeDimensional Orthogonal Graph Drawings with a Diagonal Vertex Layout
, 2000
"... A 3D orthogonal drawing of graph with maximum degree at most six positions the vertices at gridpoints in the 3D orthogonal grid, and routes edges along gridlines such that edge routes only intersect at common endvertices. In this paper we present two algorithms for producing 3D orthogonal grap ..."
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Cited by 7 (4 self)
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A 3D orthogonal drawing of graph with maximum degree at most six positions the vertices at gridpoints in the 3D orthogonal grid, and routes edges along gridlines such that edge routes only intersect at common endvertices. In this paper we present two algorithms for producing 3D orthogonal graph drawings with the vertices positioned along the main diagonal of a cube, so called diagonal drawings. This vertexlayout strategy was introduced in the 3Bends algorithm of Eades et al. [11]. We show that minimising the number of bends in a diagonal drawing of a given graph is NPhard. Our first algorithm minimises the total number of bends for a fixed ordering of the vertices along the diagonal. Using two heuristics for determining this vertex ordering we obtain upper bounds on the number of bends. Our second algorithm, which is a variation of the abovementioned 3Bends algorithm, produces 3bend drawings with n^3 + o(n^3) volume, which is the best known upper bound for the volume of 3D orthogonal graph drawings with at most 3 bends per edge.
A Simple Linear Time Algorithm for Proper Box Rectangular Drawing of Plane Graphs
 Journal of Algorithms
, 2000
"... In this paper we introduce a new drawing style of a plane graph G, called proper box rectangular (PBR ) drawing. It is defined to be a drawing of G such that every vertex is drawn as a rectangle, called a box, each edge is drawn as either a horizontal or a vertical line segment, and each face is dra ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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In this paper we introduce a new drawing style of a plane graph G, called proper box rectangular (PBR ) drawing. It is defined to be a drawing of G such that every vertex is drawn as a rectangle, called a box, each edge is drawn as either a horizontal or a vertical line segment, and each face is drawn as a rectangle. We establish necessary and sufficient conditions for G to have a PBR drawing. We also give a simple linear time algorithm for finding such drawings. The PBR drawing is closely related to the box rectangular (BR ) drawing defined by Rahman, Nakano and Nishizeki [17]. Our method can be adapted to provide a new simpler algorithm for solving the BR drawing problem. 1 Introduction The problem of "nicely" drawing a graph G has received increasing attention [5]. Typically, we want to draw the edges and the vertices of G on the plane so that certain aesthetic quality conditions and/or optimization measures are met. Such drawings are very useful in visualizing planar graphs and fi...
Balanced VertexOrderings of Graphs
, 2002
"... We consider the problem of determining a balanced ordering of the vertices of a graph; that is, the neighbors of each vertex v are as evenly distributed to the left and right of v as possible. This problem, which has applications in graph drawing for example, is shown to be NPhard, and remains N ..."
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Cited by 4 (3 self)
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We consider the problem of determining a balanced ordering of the vertices of a graph; that is, the neighbors of each vertex v are as evenly distributed to the left and right of v as possible. This problem, which has applications in graph drawing for example, is shown to be NPhard, and remains NPhard for bipartite simple graphs with maximum degree six. We then describe and analyze a number of methods for determining a balanced vertexordering, obtaining optimal orderings for directed acyclic graphs and graphs with maximum degree three. Finally we