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Theories for Complexity Classes and their Propositional Translations
 Complexity of computations and proofs
, 2004
"... We present in a uniform manner simple twosorted theories corresponding to each of eight complexity classes between AC and P. We present simple translations between these theories and systems of the quanti ed propositional calculus. ..."
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Cited by 30 (7 self)
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We present in a uniform manner simple twosorted theories corresponding to each of eight complexity classes between AC and P. We present simple translations between these theories and systems of the quanti ed propositional calculus.
The strength of replacement in weak arithmetic
 Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 2004
"... The replacement (or collection or choice) axiom scheme BB(Γ) asserts bounded quantifier exchange as follows: ∀i<a  ∃x
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Cited by 10 (3 self)
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The replacement (or collection or choice) axiom scheme BB(Γ) asserts bounded quantifier exchange as follows: ∀i<a  ∃x<aφ(i,x) → ∃w ∀i<aφ(i,[w]i) proves the scheme where φ is in the class Γ of formulas. The theory S1 2 BB(Σb 1), and thus in S1 2 every Σb1 formula is equivalent to a strict Σb1 formula (in which all nonsharplybounded quantifiers are in front). Here we prove (sometimes subject to an assumption) that certain theories weaker than S1 2 do not prove either BB(Σb1) or BB(Σb0). We show (unconditionally) that V 0 does not prove BB(ΣB 0), where V 0 (essentially IΣ 1,b 0) is the twosorted theory associated with the complexity class AC0. We show that PV does not prove BB(Σb 0), assuming
Quantified Propositional Calculus and a SecondOrder Theory for NC¹
, 2004
"... Let H be a proof system for the quantified propositional calculus (QPC). We j witnessing problem for H to be: given a prenex S j formula A, an Hproof of A, and a truth assignment to the free variables in A, find a witness for the outermost existential quantifiers in A. We point out that the S ..."
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Cited by 9 (2 self)
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Let H be a proof system for the quantified propositional calculus (QPC). We j witnessing problem for H to be: given a prenex S j formula A, an Hproof of A, and a truth assignment to the free variables in A, find a witness for the outermost existential quantifiers in A. We point out that the S witnessing problems for the systems G 1 and G 1 are complete for polynomial time and PLS (polynomial local search), respectively. We introduce