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38
Abstract and Concrete Categories. The Joy of Cats
, 2004
"... Contemporary mathematics consists of many different branches and is intimately related to various other fields. Each of these branches and fields is growing rapidly and is itself diversifying. Fortunately, however, there is a considerable amount of common ground — similar ideas, concepts, and constr ..."
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Contemporary mathematics consists of many different branches and is intimately related to various other fields. Each of these branches and fields is growing rapidly and is itself diversifying. Fortunately, however, there is a considerable amount of common ground — similar ideas, concepts, and constructions. These provide a basis for a general theory of structures.
The purpose of this book is to present the fundamental concepts and results of such a theory, expressed in the language of category theory — hence, as a particular branch of mathematics itself. It is designed to be used both as a textbook for beginners and as a reference source. Furthermore, it is aimed toward those interested in a general theory of structures, whether they be students or researchers, and also toward those interested in using such a general theory to help with organization and clarification within a special field. The only formal prerequisite for the reader is an elementary knowledge of set theory.
A Dependent Type Theory with Names and Binding
 In Proceedings of the 2004 Computer Science Logic Conference, number 3210 in Lecture notes in Computer Science
, 2004
"... We consider the problem of providing formal support for working with abstract syntax involving variable binders. Gabbay and Pitts have shown in their work on FraenkelMostowski (FM) set theory how to address this through firstclass names: in this paper we present a dependent type theory for prog ..."
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We consider the problem of providing formal support for working with abstract syntax involving variable binders. Gabbay and Pitts have shown in their work on FraenkelMostowski (FM) set theory how to address this through firstclass names: in this paper we present a dependent type theory for programming and reasoning with such names. Our development is based on a categorical axiomatisation of names, with freshness as its central notion. An associated adjunction captures constructions known from FM theory: the freshness quantifier N , namebinding, and unique choice of fresh names. The Schanuel topos  the category underlying FM set theory  is an instance of this axiomatisation.
A universal characterization of the closed euclidean interval (Extended Abstract)
 PROC. OF 16TH ANN. IEEE SYMP. ON LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE, LICS'01
, 2001
"... We propose a notion of interval object in a category with finite products, providing a universal property for closed and bounded real line segments. The universal property gives rise to an analogue of primitive recursion for defining computable functions on the interval. We use this to define basi ..."
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Cited by 16 (1 self)
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We propose a notion of interval object in a category with finite products, providing a universal property for closed and bounded real line segments. The universal property gives rise to an analogue of primitive recursion for defining computable functions on the interval. We use this to define basic arithmetic operations and to verify equations between them. We test the notion in categories of interest. In the
A Study of Categories of Algebras and Coalgebras
, 2001
"... This thesis is intended to help develop the theory of coalgebras by, first, taking classic theorems in the theory of universal algebras and dualizing them and, second, developing an internal logic for categories of coalgebras. We begin with an introduction to the categorical approach to algebras and ..."
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Cited by 13 (5 self)
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This thesis is intended to help develop the theory of coalgebras by, first, taking classic theorems in the theory of universal algebras and dualizing them and, second, developing an internal logic for categories of coalgebras. We begin with an introduction to the categorical approach to algebras and the dual notion of coalgebras. Following this, we discuss (co)algebras for a (co)monad and develop a theory of regular subcoalgebras which will be used in the internal logic. We also prove that categories of coalgebras are complete, under reasonably weak conditions, and simultaneously prove the wellknown dual result for categories of algebras. We close the second chapter with a discussion of bisimulations in which we introduce a weaker notion of bisimulation than is current in the literature, but which is wellbehaved and reduces to the standard definition under the assumption of choice. The third chapter is a detailed look at three theorem's of G. Birkhoff [Bir35, Bir44], presenting categorical proofs of the theorems which generalize the classical results and which can be easily dualized to apply to categories of coalgebras. The theorems of interest are the variety theorem, the equational completeness theorem and the subdirect product representation theorem. The duals of each of these theorems is discussed in detail, and the dual notion of "coequation" is introduced and several examples given. In the final chapter, we show that first order logic can be interpreted in categories of coalgebras and introduce two modal operators to first order logic to allow reasoning about "endomorphisminvariant" coequations and bisimulations internally. We also develop a translation of terms and formulas into the internal language of the base category, which preserves and reflects truth. La...
Proof theory in the abstract
 Ann. Pure Appl. Logic
, 2002
"... with great affection and respect, this small tribute to his influence. 1 Background In the Introduction to the recent text Troelstra and Schwichtenberg [44], the authors contrast structural proof theory on the one hand with interpretational proof theory on the other. They write thus. Structural proo ..."
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with great affection and respect, this small tribute to his influence. 1 Background In the Introduction to the recent text Troelstra and Schwichtenberg [44], the authors contrast structural proof theory on the one hand with interpretational proof theory on the other. They write thus. Structural proof theory is based on a combinatorial analysis of the structure of formal proofs; the central methods are cut elimination
A New Framework for Declarative Programming
, 2001
"... We propose a new indexedcategory syntax and semantics of Weak Hereditarily Harrop logic programming with constraints, based on resolution over taucategories:finite product categories with canonical structure. ..."
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We propose a new indexedcategory syntax and semantics of Weak Hereditarily Harrop logic programming with constraints, based on resolution over taucategories:finite product categories with canonical structure.
ELEMENTARY QUOTIENT COMPLETION
"... Abstract. We extend the notion of exact completion on a category with weak finite limits to Lawvere’s elementary doctrines. We show how any such doctrine admits an elementary quotient completion, which is the universal solution to adding certain quotients. We note that the elementary quotient compl ..."
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Abstract. We extend the notion of exact completion on a category with weak finite limits to Lawvere’s elementary doctrines. We show how any such doctrine admits an elementary quotient completion, which is the universal solution to adding certain quotients. We note that the elementary quotient completion can be obtained as the composite of two other universal constructions: one adds effective quotients, the other forces extensionality of morphisms. We also prove that each construction preserves comprehension.