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94
A Congruence Theorem for Structured Operational Semantics With Predicates
, 1993
"... . We proposed a syntactical format, the path format, for structured operational semantics in which predicates may occur. We proved that strong bisimulation is a congruence for all the operators that can be defined within the path format. To show that this format is useful we provided many examples t ..."
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Cited by 109 (5 self)
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. We proposed a syntactical format, the path format, for structured operational semantics in which predicates may occur. We proved that strong bisimulation is a congruence for all the operators that can be defined within the path format. To show that this format is useful we provided many examples that we took from the literature about CCS, CSP, and ACP; they do satisfy the path format but no formats proposed by others. The examples include concepts like termination, convergence, divergence, weak bisimulation, a zero object, side conditions, functions, real time, discrete time, sequencing, negative premises, negative conclusions, and priorities (or a combination of these notions). Key Words & Phrases: structured operational semantics, term deduction system, transition system specification, structured state system, labelled transition system, strong bisimulation, congruence theorem, predicate. 1980 Mathematics Subject Classification (1985 Revision): 68Q05, 68Q55. CR Categories: D.3.1...
A Calculus of Broadcasting Systems
 SCIENCE OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
, 1991
"... CBS is a simple and natural CCSlike calculus where processes speak one at a time and are heard instantaneously by all others. Speech is autonomous, contention between speakers being resolved nondeterministically, but hearing only happens when someone else speaks. Observationally meaningful laws dif ..."
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Cited by 61 (8 self)
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CBS is a simple and natural CCSlike calculus where processes speak one at a time and are heard instantaneously by all others. Speech is autonomous, contention between speakers being resolved nondeterministically, but hearing only happens when someone else speaks. Observationally meaningful laws differ from those of CCS. The change from handshake communication in CCS to broadcast in CBS permits several advances. (1) Priority, which attaches only to autonomous actions, is simply added to CBS in contrast to CCS, where such actions are the result of communication. (2) A CBS simulator runs a process by returning a list of values it broadcasts. This permits a powerful combination, CBS with the host language. It yields several elegant algorithms. Only processes with a unique response to each input are needed in practice, so weak bisimulation is a congruence. (3) CBS subsystems are interfaced by translators; by mapping messages to silence, these can restrict hearing and hide speech. Reversi...
Ntyft/ntyxt rules reduce to ntree rules
 Information and Computation
, 1996
"... Groote and Vaandrager introduced the tyft/tyxt format for Transition System Specifications (TSSs), and established that for each TSS in this format that is wellfounded, the bisimulation equivalence it induces is a congruence. In this paper, we construct for each TSS in tyft/tyxt format an equivalen ..."
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Cited by 54 (18 self)
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Groote and Vaandrager introduced the tyft/tyxt format for Transition System Specifications (TSSs), and established that for each TSS in this format that is wellfounded, the bisimulation equivalence it induces is a congruence. In this paper, we construct for each TSS in tyft/tyxt format an equivalent TSS that consists of tree rules only. As a corollary we can give an affirmative answer to an open question, namely whether the wellfoundedness condition in the congruence theorem for tyft/tyxt can be dropped. These results extend to tyft/tyxt with negative premises and predicates. 1
A Process Algebraic View of Linda Coordination Primitives
, 1998
"... The main Linda coordination primitives (asynchronous communication, read operation, nonblocking in/rd predicates) are studied in a process algebraic setting. A lattice of eight languages is proposed, where its bottom element L is a process algebra differing from CCS only for the asynchrony of the ou ..."
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Cited by 43 (14 self)
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The main Linda coordination primitives (asynchronous communication, read operation, nonblocking in/rd predicates) are studied in a process algebraic setting. A lattice of eight languages is proposed, where its bottom element L is a process algebra differing from CCS only for the asynchrony of the output operation, while all the other languages in the lattice are obtained as extension of this basic language by adding some of the Linda coordination primitives. The observational semantics for these languages are all obtained as the coarsest congruences contained in the barbed semantics, where only tuples are observable. The lattice of the eight languages collapses to a smaller fourpoints lattice of different bisimulationbased semantics. Notably, for L this semantics is the standard notion of strong bisimulation, where inputs and outputs/tuples are treated symmetrically. Keywords: Coordination languages, Semantics of Linda, Process algebra. 1 Introduction The aim of this paper is to pr...
The meaning of negative premises in transition system specifications II
 THE JOURNAL OF LOGIC AND ALGEBRAIC PROGRAMMING
, 2004
"... ..."
A Congruence Theorem for Structured Operational Semantics of HigherOrder Languages
, 1997
"... In this paper we describe the promoted tyft/tyxt rule format for defining higherorder languages. The rule format is a generalization of Groote and Vaandrager 's tyft/tyxt format in which terms are allowed as labels on transitions in rules. We prove that bisimulation is a congruence for any languag ..."
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Cited by 36 (0 self)
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In this paper we describe the promoted tyft/tyxt rule format for defining higherorder languages. The rule format is a generalization of Groote and Vaandrager 's tyft/tyxt format in which terms are allowed as labels on transitions in rules. We prove that bisimulation is a congruence for any language defined in promoted tyft/tyxt format and demonstrate the usefulness of the rule format by presenting promoted tyft/tyxt definitions for the lazy calculus, CHOCS and the ßcalculus. 1 Introduction For a programming language definition that uses bisimulation as the notion of equivalence, it is desirable for the bisimulation relation to be compatible with the language constructs; i.e. that bisimulation be a congruence. Several rule formats have been defined, so that as long as a definition satisfies certain syntactic constraints, then the defined bisimulation relation is guaranteed to be a congruence. However these rule formats have not been widely used for defining languages with higher...
A general conservative extension theorem in process algebra
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1994
"... We prove a general conservative extension theorem for transition system based process theories with easytocheck and reasonable conditions. The core of this result is another general theorem which gives sufficient conditions for a system of operational rules and an extension of it in order to ensur ..."
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Cited by 36 (4 self)
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We prove a general conservative extension theorem for transition system based process theories with easytocheck and reasonable conditions. The core of this result is another general theorem which gives sufficient conditions for a system of operational rules and an extension of it in order to ensure conservativity, that is, provable transitions from an original term in the extension are the same as in the original system. As a simple corollary of the conservative extension theorem we prove a completeness theorem. We also prove a general theorem giving sufficient conditions to reduce the question of ground confluence modulo some equations for a large term rewriting system associated with an equational process theory to a small term rewriting system under the condition that the large system is a conservative extension of the small one. We provide many applications to show that our results are useful. The applications include (but are not limited to) various real and discrete time settings in ACP, ATP, and CCS and the notions
PEPA nets: A structured performance modelling formalism
 Performance Evaluation
, 2003
"... In this paper we describe a formalism which uses the stochastic process algebra PEPA as the inscription language for labelled stochastic Petri nets. Viewed in another way, the net is used to provide a structure for linking related PEPA systems. The combined modelling language naturally represents su ..."
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Cited by 34 (22 self)
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In this paper we describe a formalism which uses the stochastic process algebra PEPA as the inscription language for labelled stochastic Petri nets. Viewed in another way, the net is used to provide a structure for linking related PEPA systems. The combined modelling language naturally represents such applications as mobile code systems where the PEPA terms are used to model the program code which moves between network hosts (the places in the net). We describe the implementation of a tool to support this modelling formalism and apply this to model a hierarchical cellular network. 1
A Conservative Look at Operational Semantics with Variable Binding
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1998
"... We set up a formal framework to describe transition system specifications in the style of Plotkin. This framework has the power to express manysortedness, general binding mechanisms and substitutions, among other notions such as negative hypotheses and unary predicates on terms. The framework i ..."
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Cited by 32 (5 self)
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We set up a formal framework to describe transition system specifications in the style of Plotkin. This framework has the power to express manysortedness, general binding mechanisms and substitutions, among other notions such as negative hypotheses and unary predicates on terms. The framework is used to present a conservativity format in operational semantics, which states sufficient criteria to ensure that the extension of a transition system specification with new transition rules does not affect the semantics of the original terms.
Process algebra with timing: real time and discrete time
 Smolka (Eds.), Handbook of Process Algebra
, 2001
"... We present real time and discrete time versions of ACP with absolute timing and relative timing. The startingpoint isanewrealtimeversion with absolute timing, called ACPsat, featuring urgent actions and a delay operator. The discrete time versions are conservative extensions of the discrete time ve ..."
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Cited by 27 (10 self)
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We present real time and discrete time versions of ACP with absolute timing and relative timing. The startingpoint isanewrealtimeversion with absolute timing, called ACPsat, featuring urgent actions and a delay operator. The discrete time versions are conservative extensions of the discrete time versions of ACP being known as ACP dat and ACP drt. The principal version is an extension of ACP sat with integration and initial abstraction to allow for choices over an interval of time and relative timing to be expressed. Its main virtue is that it generalizes ACP without timing and most other versions of ACP with timing in a smooth and natural way. This is shown for the real time version with relative timing and the discrete time version with absolute timing.