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217
Efficient routing in alloptical networks
 in Proc. 26 th ACM Symp. Theory of Computing
, 1994
"... Communication in alloptical networks requires novel routing paradigms. The high bandwidth of the optic fiber is utilized through wavelengthdivision multiplexing: a single physical optical link can carry several logical signals, provided that they are transmitted on different wavelengths. We study t ..."
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Cited by 120 (0 self)
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Communication in alloptical networks requires novel routing paradigms. The high bandwidth of the optic fiber is utilized through wavelengthdivision multiplexing: a single physical optical link can carry several logical signals, provided that they are transmitted on different wavelengths. We study the problem of routing a set of requests (each of which is a pair of nodes to be connected by a path) on sparse networks using a limited number of wavelengths, ensuring that different paths using the same wavelength never use the same physical link. The constraints on the selection of paths and wavelengths depend on the type of photonic switches used in the network. We present eflicient routing techniques for the two types of photonic switches that dominate current research in alloptical networks. Our results es
Semidefinite Programming and Combinatorial Optimization
 DOC. MATH. J. DMV
, 1998
"... We describe a few applications of semide nite programming in combinatorial optimization. ..."
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Cited by 99 (1 self)
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We describe a few applications of semide nite programming in combinatorial optimization.
Some Applications of Laplace Eigenvalues of Graphs
 GRAPH SYMMETRY: ALGEBRAIC METHODS AND APPLICATIONS, VOLUME 497 OF NATO ASI SERIES C
, 1997
"... In the last decade important relations between Laplace eigenvalues and eigenvectors of graphs and several other graph parameters were discovered. In these notes we present some of these results and discuss their consequences. Attention is given to the partition and the isoperimetric properties of ..."
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Cited by 93 (0 self)
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In the last decade important relations between Laplace eigenvalues and eigenvectors of graphs and several other graph parameters were discovered. In these notes we present some of these results and discuss their consequences. Attention is given to the partition and the isoperimetric properties of graphs, the maxcut problem and its relation to semidefinite programming, rapid mixing of Markov chains, and to extensions of the results to infinite graphs.
A proof of Alon’s second eigenvalue conjecture
, 2003
"... A dregular graph has largest or first (adjacency matrix) eigenvalue λ1 = d. Consider for an even d ≥ 4, a random dregular graph model formed from d/2 uniform, independent permutations on {1,...,n}. We shall show that for any ɛ>0 we have all eigenvalues aside from λ1 = d are bounded by 2 √ d − 1 +ɛ ..."
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Cited by 92 (1 self)
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A dregular graph has largest or first (adjacency matrix) eigenvalue λ1 = d. Consider for an even d ≥ 4, a random dregular graph model formed from d/2 uniform, independent permutations on {1,...,n}. We shall show that for any ɛ>0 we have all eigenvalues aside from λ1 = d are bounded by 2 √ d − 1 +ɛwith probability 1 − O(n−τ), where τ = ⌈ � √ d − 1+1 � /2⌉−1. We also show that this probability is at most 1 − c/nτ ′, for a constant c and a τ ′ that is either τ or τ +1 (“more often ” τ than τ + 1). We prove related theorems for other models of random graphs, including models with d odd. These theorems resolve the conjecture of Alon, that says that for any ɛ>0andd, the second largest eigenvalue of “most ” random dregular graphs are at most 2 √ d − 1+ɛ (Alon did not specify precisely what “most ” should mean or what model of random graph one should take). 1
Optimal Scaling for Various MetropolisHastings Algorithms
, 2001
"... We review and extend results related to optimal scaling of MetropolisHastings algorithms. We present various theoretical results for the highdimensional limit. We also present simulation studies which confirm the theoretical results in finite dimensional contexts. ..."
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Cited by 91 (25 self)
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We review and extend results related to optimal scaling of MetropolisHastings algorithms. We present various theoretical results for the highdimensional limit. We also present simulation studies which confirm the theoretical results in finite dimensional contexts.
A random walk construction of uniform spanning trees and uniform labelled trees
 SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics
, 1990
"... Abstract A random walk on a finite graph can be used to construct a uniformrandom spanning tree. We show how random walk techniques can be applied to the study of several properties of the uniform randomspanning tree: the proportion of leaves, the distribution of degrees, and the diameter. ..."
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Cited by 81 (3 self)
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Abstract A random walk on a finite graph can be used to construct a uniformrandom spanning tree. We show how random walk techniques can be applied to the study of several properties of the uniform randomspanning tree: the proportion of leaves, the distribution of degrees, and the diameter.
A Chernoff Bound For Random Walks On Expander Graphs
 SIAM J. Comput
, 1998
"... . We consider a finite random walk on a weighted graph G; we show that the fraction of time spent in a set of vertices A converges to the stationary probability #(A) with error probability exp ..."
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Cited by 80 (0 self)
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.<F3.827e+05> We consider a finite random walk on a weighted graph<F3.539e+05><F3.827e+05> G; we show that the fraction of time spent in a set of vertices<F3.539e+05> A<F3.827e+05> converges to the stationary probability<F3.539e+05><F3.827e+05><F3.539e+05><F3.827e+05> #(A) with error probability exponentially small in the length of the random walk and the square of the size of the deviation from<F3.539e+05><F3.827e+05><F3.539e+05><F3.827e+05> #(A). The exponential bound is in terms of the expansion of<F3.539e+05> G<F3.827e+05> and improves previous results of [D. Aldous,<F3.405e+05> Probab. Engrg. Inform.<F3.827e+05> Sci., 1 (1987), pp. 3346], [L. Lovasz and M. Simonovits,<F3.405e+05> Random Structures<F3.827e+05> Algorithms, 4 (1993), pp. 359412], [M. Ajtai, J. Komlos, and E. Szemeredi,<F3.405e+05> Deterministic simulation of<F3.827e+05> logspace, in Proc. 19th ACM Symp. on Theory of Computing, 1987]. We show that taking the sample average from one trajectory gives a more e#cien...
Testing that distributions are close
 In IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
, 2000
"... Given two distributions over an n element set, we wish to check whether these distributions are statistically close by only sampling. We give a sublinear algorithm which uses O(n 2/3 ɛ −4 log n) independent samples from each distribution, runs in time linear in the sample size, makes no assumptions ..."
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Cited by 77 (16 self)
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Given two distributions over an n element set, we wish to check whether these distributions are statistically close by only sampling. We give a sublinear algorithm which uses O(n 2/3 ɛ −4 log n) independent samples from each distribution, runs in time linear in the sample size, makes no assumptions about the structure of the distributions, and distinguishes the cases ɛ when the distance between the distributions is small (less than max ( 2 32 3 √ n, ɛ 4 √)) or large (more n than ɛ) in L1distance. We also give an Ω(n 2/3 ɛ −2/3) lower bound. Our algorithm has applications to the problem of checking whether a given Markov process is rapidly mixing. We develop sublinear algorithms for this problem as well.
Balanced Matroids
"... We introduce the notion of "balance", and say that a matroid is balanced if the matroid and all its minors satisfy the property that, for a randomly chosen basis, the presence of an element can only make any other element less likely. We establish strong expansion properties for the base ..."
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Cited by 76 (3 self)
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We introduce the notion of "balance", and say that a matroid is balanced if the matroid and all its minors satisfy the property that, for a randomly chosen basis, the presence of an element can only make any other element less likely. We establish strong expansion properties for the basesexchange graph of balanced matroids; consequently, the set of bases of a balanced matroid can be sampled and approximately counted using rapidly mixing Markov chains. Thus, the general problem of approximately counting bases (known to be #Pcomplete) is reduced to that of showing balance. Specific classes for which balance is known to hold include graphic and regular matroids.
The Complexity of Counting in Sparse, Regular, and Planar Graphs
 SIAM Journal on Computing
, 1997
"... We show that a number of graphtheoretic counting problems remain NPhard, indeed #Pcomplete, in very restricted classes of graphs. In particular, it is shown that the problems of counting matchings, vertex covers, independent sets, and extremal variants of these all remain hard when restricted to ..."
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Cited by 71 (0 self)
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We show that a number of graphtheoretic counting problems remain NPhard, indeed #Pcomplete, in very restricted classes of graphs. In particular, it is shown that the problems of counting matchings, vertex covers, independent sets, and extremal variants of these all remain hard when restricted to planar bipartite graphs of bounded degree or regular graphs of constant degree. To achieve these results, a new interpolationbased reduction technique which preserves properties such as constant degree is introduced. In addition, the problem of approximately counting minimum cardinality vertex covers is shown to remain NPhard even when restricted to graphs of maximal degree 3. Previously, restrictedcase complexity results for counting problems were elusive; we believe our techniques may help obtain similar results for many other counting problems. 1 Introduction Ever since the introduction of NPcompleteness in the early 1970's, the primary focus of complexity theory has been on decision ...