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A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure for the 2partition problem
 Operations Research
, 1994
"... Abstract. Today, a variety of heuristic approaches are available to the operations research practitioner. One methodology that has a strong intuitive appeal, a prominent empirical track record, and is trivial to efficiently implement on parallel processors is GRASP (Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search ..."
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Cited by 478 (75 self)
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Abstract. Today, a variety of heuristic approaches are available to the operations research practitioner. One methodology that has a strong intuitive appeal, a prominent empirical track record, and is trivial to efficiently implement on parallel processors is GRASP (Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedures). GRASP is an iterative randomized sampling technique in which each iteration provides a solution to the problem at hand. The incumbent solution over all GRASP iterations is kept as the final result. There are two phases within each GRASP iteration: the first intelligently constructs an initial solution via an adaptive randomized greedy function; the second applies a local search procedure to the constructed solution in hope of finding an improvement. In this paper, we define the various components comprising a GRASP and demonstrate, step by step, how to develop such heuristics for combinatorial optimization problems. Intuitive justifications for the observed empirical behavior of the methodology are discussed. The paper concludes with a brief literature review of GRASP implementations and mentions two industrial applications.
The Quadratic Assignment Problem: A Survey and Recent Developments
 In Proceedings of the DIMACS Workshop on Quadratic Assignment Problems, volume 16 of DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science
, 1994
"... . Quadratic Assignment Problems model many applications in diverse areas such as operations research, parallel and distributed computing, and combinatorial data analysis. In this paper we survey some of the most important techniques, applications, and methods regarding the quadratic assignment probl ..."
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Cited by 91 (16 self)
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. Quadratic Assignment Problems model many applications in diverse areas such as operations research, parallel and distributed computing, and combinatorial data analysis. In this paper we survey some of the most important techniques, applications, and methods regarding the quadratic assignment problem. We focus our attention on recent developments. 1. Introduction Given a set N = f1; 2; : : : ; ng and n \Theta n matrices F = (f ij ) and D = (d kl ), the quadratic assignment problem (QAP) can be stated as follows: min p2\Pi N n X i=1 n X j=1 f ij d p(i)p(j) + n X i=1 c ip(i) ; where \Pi N is the set of all permutations of N . One of the major applications of the QAP is in location theory where the matrix F = (f ij ) is the flow matrix, i.e. f ij is the flow of materials from facility i to facility j, and D = (d kl ) is the distance matrix, i.e. d kl represents the distance from location k to location l [62, 67, 137]. The cost of simultaneously assigning facility i to locat...
A Grasp For Satisfiability
 CLIQUES, COLORING, AND SATISFIABILITY: THE SECOND DIMACS IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGE, VOLUME 26 OF DIMACS SERIES ON DISCRETE MATHEMATICS AND THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1996
"... A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (Grasp) is a randomized heuristic that has been shown to quickly produce good quality solutions for a wide variety of combinatorial optimization problems. In this paper, we describe a Grasp for the satisfiability (SAT) problem. This algorithm can be also ..."
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Cited by 31 (6 self)
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A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (Grasp) is a randomized heuristic that has been shown to quickly produce good quality solutions for a wide variety of combinatorial optimization problems. In this paper, we describe a Grasp for the satisfiability (SAT) problem. This algorithm can be also directly applied to both the weighted and unweighted versions of the maximum satisfiability (MAXSAT) problem. We review basic concepts of Grasp: construction and local search algorithms. The implementation of Grasp for the SAT problem is described in detail. Computational experience on a large set of test problems is presented.
A Bibliography of GRASP
"... This document contains references related to GRASP (greedy randomized adaptive search procedure) that have either appeared in the literature or as technical reports. If you are aware of any uncited reference, incorrectly cited reference, or update to a cited reference, please contact Mauricio G. C. ..."
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Cited by 2 (2 self)
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This document contains references related to GRASP (greedy randomized adaptive search procedure) that have either appeared in the literature or as technical reports. If you are aware of any uncited reference, incorrectly cited reference, or update to a cited reference, please contact Mauricio G. C. Resende at the address given at the end of this document.
GRASP: BASIC COMPONENTS AND ENHANCEMENTS
"... Abstract. GRASP (Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedures) is a multistart metaheuristic for producing goodquality solutions of combinatorial optimization problems. Each GRASP iteration is usually made up of a construction phase, where a feasible solution is constructed, and a local search phas ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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Abstract. GRASP (Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedures) is a multistart metaheuristic for producing goodquality solutions of combinatorial optimization problems. Each GRASP iteration is usually made up of a construction phase, where a feasible solution is constructed, and a local search phase which starts at the constructed solution and applies iterative improvement until a locally optimal solution is found. While, in general, the construction phase of GRASP is a randomized greedy algorithm, other types of construction procedures have been proposed. Repeated applications of a construction procedure yields diverse starting solutions for the local search. This chapter gives an overview of GRASP describing its basic components and enhancements to the basic procedure, including reactive GRASP and intensification strategies. 1.
EFFECTIVE APPLICATION OF GRASP
, 2009
"... A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) is an iterative multistart metaheuristic for difficult combinatorial optimization. Each GRASP iteration consists of two phases: a construction phase, in which a feasible solution is produced, and a local search phase, in which a local optimum in ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) is an iterative multistart metaheuristic for difficult combinatorial optimization. Each GRASP iteration consists of two phases: a construction phase, in which a feasible solution is produced, and a local search phase, in which a local optimum in the neighborhood of the constructed solution is sought. Since 1989, GRASP has been applied to a wide range of combinatorial optimization problems, ranging from scheduling and routing to drawing and turbine balancing. In this paper, we cover the literature where GRASP is applied to scheduling,
Staff Planning and Scheduling in the Service Industry: An Application to US Postal Service Mail Processing and Distribution Centers
, 2005
"... of the following dissertation: ..."
Par courier: By mail: Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de SaintEtienne
, 2007
"... 2007500002 Les rapports de recherche du Centre G2I de l'ENSMSE sont disponibles en format PDF sur le site Web de l'Ecole G2I research reports are available in PDF format on the site Web of ENSMSE www.emse.fr ..."
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2007500002 Les rapports de recherche du Centre G2I de l'ENSMSE sont disponibles en format PDF sur le site Web de l'Ecole G2I research reports are available in PDF format on the site Web of ENSMSE www.emse.fr