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A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure for the 2partition problem
 Operations Research
, 1994
"... Abstract. Today, a variety of heuristic approaches are available to the operations research practitioner. One methodology that has a strong intuitive appeal, a prominent empirical track record, and is trivial to efficiently implement on parallel processors is GRASP (Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search ..."
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Cited by 492 (76 self)
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Abstract. Today, a variety of heuristic approaches are available to the operations research practitioner. One methodology that has a strong intuitive appeal, a prominent empirical track record, and is trivial to efficiently implement on parallel processors is GRASP (Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedures). GRASP is an iterative randomized sampling technique in which each iteration provides a solution to the problem at hand. The incumbent solution over all GRASP iterations is kept as the final result. There are two phases within each GRASP iteration: the first intelligently constructs an initial solution via an adaptive randomized greedy function; the second applies a local search procedure to the constructed solution in hope of finding an improvement. In this paper, we define the various components comprising a GRASP and demonstrate, step by step, how to develop such heuristics for combinatorial optimization problems. Intuitive justifications for the observed empirical behavior of the methodology are discussed. The paper concludes with a brief literature review of GRASP implementations and mentions two industrial applications.
The Quadratic Assignment Problem: A Survey and Recent Developments
 In Proceedings of the DIMACS Workshop on Quadratic Assignment Problems, volume 16 of DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science
, 1994
"... . Quadratic Assignment Problems model many applications in diverse areas such as operations research, parallel and distributed computing, and combinatorial data analysis. In this paper we survey some of the most important techniques, applications, and methods regarding the quadratic assignment probl ..."
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Cited by 93 (16 self)
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. Quadratic Assignment Problems model many applications in diverse areas such as operations research, parallel and distributed computing, and combinatorial data analysis. In this paper we survey some of the most important techniques, applications, and methods regarding the quadratic assignment problem. We focus our attention on recent developments. 1. Introduction Given a set N = f1; 2; : : : ; ng and n \Theta n matrices F = (f ij ) and D = (d kl ), the quadratic assignment problem (QAP) can be stated as follows: min p2\Pi N n X i=1 n X j=1 f ij d p(i)p(j) + n X i=1 c ip(i) ; where \Pi N is the set of all permutations of N . One of the major applications of the QAP is in location theory where the matrix F = (f ij ) is the flow matrix, i.e. f ij is the flow of materials from facility i to facility j, and D = (d kl ) is the distance matrix, i.e. d kl represents the distance from location k to location l [62, 67, 137]. The cost of simultaneously assigning facility i to locat...
A Grasp For Satisfiability
 CLIQUES, COLORING, AND SATISFIABILITY: THE SECOND DIMACS IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGE, VOLUME 26 OF DIMACS SERIES ON DISCRETE MATHEMATICS AND THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1996
"... A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (Grasp) is a randomized heuristic that has been shown to quickly produce good quality solutions for a wide variety of combinatorial optimization problems. In this paper, we describe a Grasp for the satisfiability (SAT) problem. This algorithm can be also ..."
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Cited by 30 (6 self)
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A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (Grasp) is a randomized heuristic that has been shown to quickly produce good quality solutions for a wide variety of combinatorial optimization problems. In this paper, we describe a Grasp for the satisfiability (SAT) problem. This algorithm can be also directly applied to both the weighted and unweighted versions of the maximum satisfiability (MAXSAT) problem. We review basic concepts of Grasp: construction and local search algorithms. The implementation of Grasp for the SAT problem is described in detail. Computational experience on a large set of test problems is presented.
An annotated bibliography of GRASP
 AT&T Labs Research, Florham Park, NJ 07932
, 2004
"... ..."
EFFECTIVE APPLICATION OF GRASP
, 2009
"... A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) is an iterative multistart metaheuristic for difficult combinatorial optimization. Each GRASP iteration consists of two phases: a construction phase, in which a feasible solution is produced, and a local search phase, in which a local optimum in ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) is an iterative multistart metaheuristic for difficult combinatorial optimization. Each GRASP iteration consists of two phases: a construction phase, in which a feasible solution is produced, and a local search phase, in which a local optimum in the neighborhood of the constructed solution is sought. Since 1989, GRASP has been applied to a wide range of combinatorial optimization problems, ranging from scheduling and routing to drawing and turbine balancing. In this paper, we cover the literature where GRASP is applied to scheduling,
GREEDY RANDOMIZED ADAPTIVE SEARCH PROCEDURES
"... Abstract. GRASP is a multistart metaheuristic for combinatorial problems, in which each iteration consists basically of two phases: construction and local search. The construction phase builds a feasible solution, whose neighborhood is investigated until a local minimum is found during the local se ..."
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Abstract. GRASP is a multistart metaheuristic for combinatorial problems, in which each iteration consists basically of two phases: construction and local search. The construction phase builds a feasible solution, whose neighborhood is investigated until a local minimum is found during the local search phase. The best overall solution is kept as the result. In this chapter, we first describe the basic components of GRASP. Successful implementation techniques and parameter tuning strategies are discussed and illustrated by numerical results obtained for different applications. Enhanced or alternative solution construction mechanisms and techniques to speed up the search are also described: Reactive GRASP, cost perturbations, bias functions, memory and learning, local search on partially constructed solutions, hashing, and filtering. We also discuss in detail implementation strategies of memorybased intensification and postoptimization techniques using pathrelinking. Hybridizations with other metaheuristics, parallelization strategies, and applications are also reviewed. 1.
GRASP: GREEDY RANDOMIZED ADAPTIVE SEARCH PROCEDURES
"... Abstract. GRASP is a multistart metaheuristic for combinatorial optimization problems, in which each iteration consists basically of two phases: construction and local search. The construction phase builds a feasible solution, whose neighborhood is investigated until a local minimum is found during ..."
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Abstract. GRASP is a multistart metaheuristic for combinatorial optimization problems, in which each iteration consists basically of two phases: construction and local search. The construction phase builds a feasible solution, whose neighborhood is investigated until a local minimum is found during the local search phase. The best overall solution is kept as the result. An intensification strategy based on pathrelinking is frequently used to improve solution quality and to reduce computation times by exploring elite solutions previously found along the search. This chapter describes the basic components of GRASP, successful implementation strategies, and effective hybridizations with pathrelinking and other metaheuristics. We also list some tricks to be used in the quest for good implementations. The bibliography is enriched by an account of relevant applications and by links to surveys, software, and additional sources of material. 1.
Staff Planning and Scheduling in the Service Industry: An Application to US Postal Service Mail Processing and Distribution Centers
, 2005
"... of the following dissertation: ..."
DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science A Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure for the Quadratic Assignment Problem
"... ABSTRACT. A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) is a randomized heuristic that has been shown to quickly produce good quality solutions for a wide variety of combinatorial optimization problems. In this paper, we describe a GRASP for the quadratic assignment problem. We review basic ..."
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ABSTRACT. A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) is a randomized heuristic that has been shown to quickly produce good quality solutions for a wide variety of combinatorial optimization problems. In this paper, we describe a GRASP for the quadratic assignment problem. We review basic concepts of GRASP: construction and local search algorithms. The implementation of GRASP for the quadratic assignment problem is described in detail. Computational experience on a large set of standard test problems (QAPLIB) is presented. 1.