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386
Bisimulation through probabilistic testing
 in “Conference Record of the 16th ACM Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages (POPL
, 1989
"... We propose a language for testing concurrent processes and examine its strength in terms of the processes that are distinguished by a test. By using probabilistic transition systems as the underlying semantic model, we show how a testing algorithm can distinguish, with a probability arbitrarily clos ..."
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Cited by 405 (5 self)
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We propose a language for testing concurrent processes and examine its strength in terms of the processes that are distinguished by a test. By using probabilistic transition systems as the underlying semantic model, we show how a testing algorithm can distinguish, with a probability arbitrarily close to one, between processes that are not bisimulation equivalent. We also show a similar result (in a slightly stronger form) for a new process relation called $bisimulationwhich lies strictly between that of simulation and bisimulation. Finally, the ultimately strength of the testing language is shown to identify a new process relation called probabilistic bisimulationwhich is strictly stronger than bisimulation. li? 1991 Academic Press. Inc. 1.
Process algebra for synchronous communication
 Inform. and Control
, 1984
"... Within the context of an algebraic theory of processes, an equational specification of process cooperation is provided. Four cases are considered: free merge or interleaving, merging with communication, merging with mutual exclusion of tight regions, and synchronous process cooperation. The rewrite ..."
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Cited by 360 (51 self)
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Within the context of an algebraic theory of processes, an equational specification of process cooperation is provided. Four cases are considered: free merge or interleaving, merging with communication, merging with mutual exclusion of tight regions, and synchronous process cooperation. The rewrite system behind the communication algebra is shown to be confluent and terminating (modulo its permutative reductions). Further, some relationships are shown to hold between the four concepts of merging. © 1984 Academic Press, Inc.
The Logic of Typed Feature Structures
, 1992
"... Feature Structures and Path Congruences. The discussion of abstract feature structures raises a historical difficulty. While I do not dispute that the full theoretical investigation of feature structures modulo renaming is correctly attributed to Moshier, the idea of representing renaming classes b ..."
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Cited by 332 (3 self)
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Feature Structures and Path Congruences. The discussion of abstract feature structures raises a historical difficulty. While I do not dispute that the full theoretical investigation of feature structures modulo renaming is correctly attributed to Moshier, the idea of representing renaming classes by equivalence relations over paths seems an obvious variant of the representation of such classes as deductively closed sets of path equations in Pereira and Shieber's account (1984) of the semantics of PATRII, which is further explored in Shieber's dissertation (1989).
Probabilistic Simulations for Probabilistic Processes
, 1994
"... Several probabilistic simulation relations for probabilistic systems are defined and evaluated according to two criteria: compositionality and preservation of "interesting" properties. Here, the interesting properties of a system are identified with those that are expressible in an untimed version o ..."
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Cited by 271 (18 self)
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Several probabilistic simulation relations for probabilistic systems are defined and evaluated according to two criteria: compositionality and preservation of "interesting" properties. Here, the interesting properties of a system are identified with those that are expressible in an untimed version of the Timed Probabilistic concurrent Computation Tree Logic (TPCTL) of Hansson. The definitions are made, and the evaluations carried out, in terms of a general labeled transition system model for concurrent probabilistic computation. The results cover weak simulations, which abstract from internal computation, as well as strong simulations, which do not.
Domain Theory in Logical Form
 Annals of Pure and Applied Logic
, 1991
"... The mathematical framework of Stone duality is used to synthesize a number of hitherto separate developments in Theoretical Computer Science: • Domain Theory, the mathematical theory of computation introduced by Scott as a foundation for denotational semantics. • The theory of concurrency and system ..."
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Cited by 229 (10 self)
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The mathematical framework of Stone duality is used to synthesize a number of hitherto separate developments in Theoretical Computer Science: • Domain Theory, the mathematical theory of computation introduced by Scott as a foundation for denotational semantics. • The theory of concurrency and systems behaviour developed by Milner, Hennessy et al. based on operational semantics. • Logics of programs. Stone duality provides a junction between semantics (spaces of points = denotations of computational processes) and logics (lattices of properties of processes). Moreover, the underlying logic is geometric, which can be computationally interpreted as the logic of observable properties—i.e. properties which can be determined to hold of a process on the basis of a finite amount of information about its execution. These ideas lead to the following programme:
Modal Languages And Bounded Fragments Of Predicate Logic
, 1996
"... Model Theory. These are nonempty families I of partial isomorphisms between models M and N , closed under taking restrictions to smaller domains, and satisfying the usual BackandForth properties for extension with objects on either side  restricted to apply only to partial isomorphisms of size ..."
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Cited by 213 (12 self)
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Model Theory. These are nonempty families I of partial isomorphisms between models M and N , closed under taking restrictions to smaller domains, and satisfying the usual BackandForth properties for extension with objects on either side  restricted to apply only to partial isomorphisms of size at most k . 'Invariance for kpartial isomorphism' means having the same truth value at tuples of objects in any two models that are connected by a partial isomorphism in such a set. The precise sense of this is spelt out in the following proof. 21 Proof (Outline.) kvariable formulas are preserved under partial isomorphism, by a simple induction. More precisely, one proves, for any assignment A and any partial isomorphism IÎI which is defined on the Avalues for all variables x 1 , ..., x k , that M, A = f iff N , IoA = f . The crucial step in the induction is the quantifier case. Quantified variables are irrelevant to the assignment, so that the relevant partial isomorphism can be res...
Anytime, anywhere: modal logics for mobile ambients
 In POPL ’00: Proceedings of the 27th ACM SIGPLANSIGACT symposium on Principles of programming languages
, 2000
"... The Ambient Calculus is a process calculus where processes may reside within a hierarchy of locations and modify it. The purpose of the calculus is to study mobility, which is seen as the change of spatial configurations over time. In order to describe properties of mobile computations we devise a m ..."
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Cited by 162 (14 self)
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The Ambient Calculus is a process calculus where processes may reside within a hierarchy of locations and modify it. The purpose of the calculus is to study mobility, which is seen as the change of spatial configurations over time. In order to describe properties of mobile computations we devise a modal logic that can talk about space as well as time, and that has the Ambient Calculus as a model. 1
Computing Simulations on Finite and Infinite Graphs
, 1996
"... . We present algorithms for computing similarity relations of labeled graphs. Similarity relations have applications for the refinement and verification of reactive systems. For finite graphs, we present an O(mn) algorithm for computing the similarity relation of a graph with n vertices and m edges ..."
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Cited by 147 (6 self)
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. We present algorithms for computing similarity relations of labeled graphs. Similarity relations have applications for the refinement and verification of reactive systems. For finite graphs, we present an O(mn) algorithm for computing the similarity relation of a graph with n vertices and m edges (assuming m n). For effectively presented infinite graphs, we present a symbolic similaritychecking procedure that terminates if a finite similarity relation exists. We show that 2D rectangular automata, which model discrete reactive systems with continuous environments, define effectively presented infinite graphs with finite similarity relations. It follows that the refinement problem and the 8CTL modelchecking problem are decidable for 2D rectangular automata. 1 Introduction A labeled graph G = (V; E;A; hh\Deltaii) consist of a (possibly infinite) set V of vertices, a set E ` V 2 of edges, a set A of labels, and a function hh\Deltaii : V ! A that maps each vertex v to a label hh...
A Congruence Theorem for Structured Operational Semantics With Predicates
, 1993
"... . We proposed a syntactical format, the path format, for structured operational semantics in which predicates may occur. We proved that strong bisimulation is a congruence for all the operators that can be defined within the path format. To show that this format is useful we provided many examples t ..."
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Cited by 108 (5 self)
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. We proposed a syntactical format, the path format, for structured operational semantics in which predicates may occur. We proved that strong bisimulation is a congruence for all the operators that can be defined within the path format. To show that this format is useful we provided many examples that we took from the literature about CCS, CSP, and ACP; they do satisfy the path format but no formats proposed by others. The examples include concepts like termination, convergence, divergence, weak bisimulation, a zero object, side conditions, functions, real time, discrete time, sequencing, negative premises, negative conclusions, and priorities (or a combination of these notions). Key Words & Phrases: structured operational semantics, term deduction system, transition system specification, structured state system, labelled transition system, strong bisimulation, congruence theorem, predicate. 1980 Mathematics Subject Classification (1985 Revision): 68Q05, 68Q55. CR Categories: D.3.1...