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38
Good and Semistrong Colorings of Oriented Planar Graphs
 INF. PROCESSING LETTERS 51
, 1994
"... A kcoloring of an oriented graph G = (V, A) is an assignment c of one of the colors 1; 2; : : : ; k to each vertex of the graph such that, for every arc (x; y) of G, c(x) 6= c(y). The kcoloring is good if for every arc (x; y) of G there is no arc (z; t) 2 A such that c(x) = c(t) and c(y) = c(z). ..."
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Cited by 42 (19 self)
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A kcoloring of an oriented graph G = (V, A) is an assignment c of one of the colors 1; 2; : : : ; k to each vertex of the graph such that, for every arc (x; y) of G, c(x) 6= c(y). The kcoloring is good if for every arc (x; y) of G there is no arc (z; t) 2 A such that c(x) = c(t) and c(y) = c(z). A kcoloring is said to be semistrong if for every vertex x of G, c(z) 6= c(t) for any pair fz; tg of vertices of N \Gamma (x). We show that every oriented planar graph has a good coloring using at most 5 \Theta 2 4 colors and that every oriented planar graph G = (V; A) with d \Gamma (x) 3 for every x 2 V has a good and semistrong coloring using at most 4 \Theta 5 \Theta 2 4 colors.
Acyclic and Oriented Chromatic Numbers of Graphs
 J. Graph Theory
, 1997
"... . The oriented chromatic number o ( ~ G) of an oriented graph ~ G = (V; A) is the minimum number of vertices in an oriented graph ~ H for which there exists a homomorphism of ~ G to ~ H . The oriented chromatic number o (G) of an undirected graph G is the maximum of the oriented chromatic n ..."
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Cited by 39 (13 self)
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. The oriented chromatic number o ( ~ G) of an oriented graph ~ G = (V; A) is the minimum number of vertices in an oriented graph ~ H for which there exists a homomorphism of ~ G to ~ H . The oriented chromatic number o (G) of an undirected graph G is the maximum of the oriented chromatic numbers of all the orientations of G. This paper discusses the relations between the oriented chromatic number and the acyclic chromatic number and some other parameters of a graph. We shall give a lower bound for o (G) in terms of a (G). An upper bound for o (G) in terms of a (G) was given by Raspaud and Sopena. We also give an upper bound for o (G) in terms of the maximum degree of G. We shall show that this upper bound is not far from being optimal. Keywords. Oriented chromatic number, Acyclic chromatic number. 1
On the Maximum Average Degree and the Oriented Chromatic Number of a Graph
 Discrete Math
, 1995
"... The oriented chromatic number o(H) of an oriented graph H is defined as the minimum order of an oriented graph H 0 such that H has a homomorphism to H 0 . The oriented chromatic number o(G) of an undirected graph G is then defined as the maximum oriented chromatic number of its orientations. In ..."
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Cited by 30 (15 self)
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The oriented chromatic number o(H) of an oriented graph H is defined as the minimum order of an oriented graph H 0 such that H has a homomorphism to H 0 . The oriented chromatic number o(G) of an undirected graph G is then defined as the maximum oriented chromatic number of its orientations. In this paper we study the links between o(G) and mad(G) defined as the maximum average degree of the subgraphs of G. 1 Introduction and statement of results For every graph G we denote by V (G), with vG = jV (G)j, its set of vertices and by E(G), with e G = jE(G)j, its set of arcs or edges. A homomorphism from a graph G to a graph On leave of absence from the Institute of Mathematics, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia. With support from Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK, grant GR/K00561, and from the International Science Foundation, grant NQ4000. y This work was partially supported by the Network DIMANET of the European Union and by the grant 960101614 of the Russian F...
Supereulerian graphs: A survey
 J. Graph Theory
, 1992
"... A graph is supereulerian if it has a spanning eulerian subgraph. There is a reduction method to determine whether a graph is supereulerian, and it can also be applied to study other concepts, e.g., hamiltonian line graphs, a certain type of double cycle cover, and the total interval number of a grap ..."
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Cited by 30 (4 self)
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A graph is supereulerian if it has a spanning eulerian subgraph. There is a reduction method to determine whether a graph is supereulerian, and it can also be applied to study other concepts, e.g., hamiltonian line graphs, a certain type of double cycle cover, and the total interval number of a graph. We outline the research on supereulerian graphs, the reduction method and its applications. 1. Notation We follow the notation of Bondy and Murty [22], with these exceptions: a graph has no loops, but multiple edges are allowed; the trivial graph K1 is regarded as having infinite edgeconnectivity; and the symbol E will normally refer to a subset of the edge set E(G) of a graph G, not to E(G) itself. The graph of order 2 with 2 edges is called a 2cycle and denoted C2. Let H be a subgraph of G. The contraction G/H is the graph obtained from G by contracting all edges of H and deleting any resulting loops. For a graph G, denote O(G) = {odddegree vertices of G}. A graph with O(G) = ∅ is called an even graph. A graph is eulerian if it is connected and even. We call a graph G supereulerian if G has a spanning eulerian subgraph. Regard K1 as supereulerian. Denote SL = {supereulerian graphs}. 1 Let G be a graph. The line graph of G (called an edge graph in [22]) is denoted L(G), it has vertex set E(G), where e, e ′ ∈ E(G) are adjacent vertices in L(G) whenever e and e ′ are adjacent edges in G. Let S be a family of graphs, let G be a graph, and let k ≥ 0 be an integer. If there is a graph G0 ∈ S such that G can be obtained from G0 by removing at most k edges, then G is said to be at most k edges short of being in S. For a graph G, we write F (G) = k if k is the least nonnegative integer such that G is at most k edges short of having 2 edgedisjoint spanning trees. 2.
Graphs without spanning closed trails
, 2004
"... Jaeger [J. Graph Theory 3 (1979) 9193] proved that if a graph has two edgedisjoint spanning trees, then it is supereulerian, i.e., that it has a spanning closed trail. Catlin [J. Graph Theory 12 (1988) 2945] showed that if G is one edge short of having two edgedisjoint spanning trees, then G has ..."
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Cited by 15 (10 self)
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Jaeger [J. Graph Theory 3 (1979) 9193] proved that if a graph has two edgedisjoint spanning trees, then it is supereulerian, i.e., that it has a spanning closed trail. Catlin [J. Graph Theory 12 (1988) 2945] showed that if G is one edge short of having two edgedisjoint spanning trees, then G has a cut edge or G is supereulerian. Catlin conjectured that if a connected graph G is at most two edges short of having two edgedisjoint spanning trees, then either G is supereulerian or G can be contracted to a K2 or a K2,t for some odd integer t ≥ 1. We prove Catlin’s conjecture in a more general context. Applications to spanning trails are discussed.
Graph Treewidth and Geometric Thickness Parameters
 DISCRETE AND COMPUTATIONAL GEOMETRY
, 2005
"... Consider a drawing of a graph G in the plane such that crossing edges are coloured differently. The minimum number of colours, taken over all drawings of G, is the classical graph parameter thickness. By restricting the edges to be straight, we obtain the geometric thickness. By additionally restri ..."
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Cited by 13 (7 self)
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Consider a drawing of a graph G in the plane such that crossing edges are coloured differently. The minimum number of colours, taken over all drawings of G, is the classical graph parameter thickness. By restricting the edges to be straight, we obtain the geometric thickness. By additionally restricting the vertices to be in convex position, we obtain the book thickness. This paper studies the relationship between these parameters and treewidth. Our first main result states that for graphs of treewidth k, the maximum thickness and the maximum geometric thickness both equal ⌈k/2⌉. This says that the lower bound for thickness can be matched by an upper bound, even in the more restrictive geometric setting. Our second main result states that for graphs of treewidth k, the maximum book thickness equals k if k ≤ 2 and equals k + 1 if k ≥ 3. This refutes a conjecture of Ganley and Heath [Discrete Appl. Math. 109(3):215–221, 2001]. Analogous results are proved for outerthickness, arboricity, and stararboricity.
Graph family closed under contraction
"... Let S be a family of graphs. Suppose there is a nontrivial graph H such that for any supergraph G of H, G is in S if and only if the contraction G/H is in S. Examples of such an S: graphs with a spanning closed trail; graphs with at least k edgedisjoint spanning trees; and kedgeconnected graphs ( ..."
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Cited by 13 (4 self)
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Let S be a family of graphs. Suppose there is a nontrivial graph H such that for any supergraph G of H, G is in S if and only if the contraction G/H is in S. Examples of such an S: graphs with a spanning closed trail; graphs with at least k edgedisjoint spanning trees; and kedgeconnected graphs (k fixed). We give a reduction method using contractions to find when a given graph is in S and to study its structure if it is not in S. This reduction method generalizes known special cases.
Constraining plane configurations in cad: combinatorics of lengths and directions
 SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics
, 1999
"... Abstract. Configurations of points in the plane constrained by only directions or by lengths alone lead to equivalent theories known as parallel drawings and infinitesimal rigidity of plane frameworks. We combine these two theories by introducing a new matroid on the edge set of the complete graph w ..."
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Cited by 11 (4 self)
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Abstract. Configurations of points in the plane constrained by only directions or by lengths alone lead to equivalent theories known as parallel drawings and infinitesimal rigidity of plane frameworks. We combine these two theories by introducing a new matroid on the edge set of the complete graph with doubled edges to describe the combinatorial properties of direction–length designs. 1.