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Expressivity of coalgebraic modal logic: The limits and beyond
 IN FOUNDATIONS OF SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND COMPUTATION STRUCTURES, VOLUME 3441 OF LNCS
, 2005
"... Modal logic has a good claim to being the logic of choice for describing the reactive behaviour of systems modeled as coalgebras. Logics with modal operators obtained from socalled predicate liftings have been shown to be invariant under behavioral equivalence. Expressivity results stating that, c ..."
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Cited by 39 (13 self)
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Modal logic has a good claim to being the logic of choice for describing the reactive behaviour of systems modeled as coalgebras. Logics with modal operators obtained from socalled predicate liftings have been shown to be invariant under behavioral equivalence. Expressivity results stating that, conversely, logically indistinguishable states are behaviorally equivalent depend on the existence of separating sets of predicate liftings for the signature functor at hand. Here, we provide a classification result for predicate liftings which leads to an easy criterion for the existence of such separating sets, and we give simple examples of functors that fail to admit expressive normal or monotone modal logics, respectively, or in fact an expressive (unary) modal logic at all. We then move on to polyadic modal logic, where modal operators may take more than one argument formula. We show that every accessible functor admits an expressive polyadic modal logic. Moreover, expressive polyadic modal logics are, unlike unary modal logics, compositional.
On the Foundations of Final Coalgebra Semantics: nonwellfounded sets, partial orders, metric spaces
, 1998
"... ..."
Mongruences and Cofree Coalgebras
 Algebraic Methods and Software Technology, number 936 in Lect. Notes Comp. Sci
, 1995
"... . A coalgebra is introduced here as a model of a certain signature consisting of a type X with various "destructor" function symbols, satisfying certain equations. These destructor function symbols are like methods and attributes in objectoriented programming: they provide access to the type (or st ..."
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Cited by 30 (10 self)
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. A coalgebra is introduced here as a model of a certain signature consisting of a type X with various "destructor" function symbols, satisfying certain equations. These destructor function symbols are like methods and attributes in objectoriented programming: they provide access to the type (or state) X. We show that the category of such coalgebras and structure preserving functions is comonadic over sets. Therefore we introduce the notion of a `mongruence' (predicate) on a coalgebra. It plays the dual role of a congrence (relation) on an algebra. An algebra is a set together with a number of operations on this set which tell how to form (derived) elements in this set, possibly satisfying some equations. A typical example is a monoid, given by a set M with operations 1 ! M , M \Theta M ! M . Here 1 = f;g is a singleton set. In mathematics one usually considers only singletyped algebras, but in computer science one more naturally uses manytyped algebras like 1 ! list(A), A \Theta l...
Elements Of The General Theory Of Coalgebras
, 1999
"... . Data Structures arising in programming are conveniently modeled by universal algebras. State based and object oriented systems may be described in the same way, but this requires that the state is explicitly modeled as a sort. From the viewpoint of the programmer, however, it is usually intend ..."
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Cited by 30 (7 self)
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. Data Structures arising in programming are conveniently modeled by universal algebras. State based and object oriented systems may be described in the same way, but this requires that the state is explicitly modeled as a sort. From the viewpoint of the programmer, however, it is usually intended that the state should be "hidden" with only certain features accessible through attributes and methods. States should become equal, if no external observation may distinguish them. It has recently been discovered that state based systems such as transition systems, automata, lazy data structures and objects give rise to structures dual to universal algebra, which are called coalgebras. Equality is replaced by indistinguishability and coinduction replaces induction as proof principle. However, as it turns out, one has to look at universal algebra from a more general perspective (using elementary category theoretic notions) before the dual concept is able to capture the relevant ...
PSPACE bounds for rank 1 modal logics
 IN LICS’06
, 2006
"... For lack of general algorithmic methods that apply to wide classes of logics, establishing a complexity bound for a given modal logic is often a laborious task. The present work is a step towards a general theory of the complexity of modal logics. Our main result is that all rank1 logics enjoy a sh ..."
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Cited by 26 (15 self)
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For lack of general algorithmic methods that apply to wide classes of logics, establishing a complexity bound for a given modal logic is often a laborious task. The present work is a step towards a general theory of the complexity of modal logics. Our main result is that all rank1 logics enjoy a shallow model property and thus are, under mild assumptions on the format of their axiomatisation, in PSPACE. This leads to a unified derivation of tight PSPACEbounds for a number of logics including K, KD, coalition logic, graded modal logic, majority logic, and probabilistic modal logic. Our generic algorithm moreover finds tableau proofs that witness pleasant prooftheoretic properties including a weak subformula property. This generality is made possible by a coalgebraic semantics, which conveniently abstracts from the details of a given model class and thus allows covering a broad range of logics in a uniform way.
A Calculus of Transition Systems (towards Universal Coalgebra)
 In Alban Ponse, Maarten de Rijke, and Yde Venema, editors, Modal Logic and Process Algebra, CSLI Lecture Notes No
, 1995
"... By representing transition systems as coalgebras, the three main ingredients of their theory: coalgebra, homomorphism, and bisimulation, can be seen to be in a precise correspondence to the basic notions of universal algebra: \Sigmaalgebra, homomorphism, and substitutive relation (or congruence). ..."
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Cited by 25 (1 self)
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By representing transition systems as coalgebras, the three main ingredients of their theory: coalgebra, homomorphism, and bisimulation, can be seen to be in a precise correspondence to the basic notions of universal algebra: \Sigmaalgebra, homomorphism, and substitutive relation (or congruence). In this paper, some standard results from universal algebra (such as the three isomorphism theorems and facts on the lattices of subalgebras and congruences) are reformulated (using the afore mentioned correspondence) and proved for transition systems. AMS Subject Classification (1991): 68Q10, 68Q55 CR Subject Classification (1991): D.3.1, F.1.2, F.3.2 Keywords & Phrases: Transition system, bisimulation, universal coalgebra, universal algebra, congruence, homomorphism. Note: This paper will appear in `Modal Logic and Process Algebra', edited by Ponse, De Rijke and Venema [PRV95]. 2 Table of Contents 1 Introduction : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : ...
Hidden Coinduction: Behavioral Correctness Proofs for Objects
 Mathematical Structures in Computer Science
, 1999
"... This paper unveils and motivates an ambitious programme of hidden algebraic research in software engineering, beginning with our general goals, continuing with an overview of results, and including some future plans. The main contribution is powerful hidden coinduction techniques for proving behavio ..."
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Cited by 24 (8 self)
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This paper unveils and motivates an ambitious programme of hidden algebraic research in software engineering, beginning with our general goals, continuing with an overview of results, and including some future plans. The main contribution is powerful hidden coinduction techniques for proving behavioral correctness of concurrent systems; several mechanical proofs are given using OBJ3. We also show how modularization, bisimulation, transition systems, concurrency and combinations of the functional, constraint, logic and object paradigms fit into hidden algebra. 1. Introduction
An Axiomatics for Categories of Coalgebras
, 1998
"... We give an axiomatic account of what structure on a category C and an endofunctor H on C yield similar structure on the category H0Coalg of Hcoalgebras. We give conditions under which completeness, cocompleteness, symmetric monoidal closed structure, local presentability, and subobject classifiers ..."
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Cited by 21 (1 self)
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We give an axiomatic account of what structure on a category C and an endofunctor H on C yield similar structure on the category H0Coalg of Hcoalgebras. We give conditions under which completeness, cocompleteness, symmetric monoidal closed structure, local presentability, and subobject classifiers lift. Our proof of the latter uses a general result about the existence of a subobject classifier in a category containing a small dense subcategory. Our leading example has C = Set with H the endofunctor for which a coalgebra is a finitely branching (labelled) transition system. We explain that example in detail. 1 Introduction Given an endofunctor H on the category Set, an Hcoalgebra is a set X together with a function x : X 0! HX. A leading example of such an H is given by the functor P ! that takes a set X to the set of finite subsets of X , with the behaviour of H on maps given by direct image. An Hcoalgebra is then a finitely branching transition system. A variant, is given by sta...
Functors for Coalgebras
 Algebra Universalis
"... . Functors preserving weak pullbacks provide the basis for a rich structure theory of coalgebras. We give an easy to use criterion to check whether a functor preserves weak pullbacks. We apply the characterization to the functor F which associates a set X with the set F(X) of all filters on X. It t ..."
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Cited by 19 (5 self)
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. Functors preserving weak pullbacks provide the basis for a rich structure theory of coalgebras. We give an easy to use criterion to check whether a functor preserves weak pullbacks. We apply the characterization to the functor F which associates a set X with the set F(X) of all filters on X. It turns out that this functor preserves weak pullbacks, yet does not preserve weak generalized pullbacks. Since topological spaces can be considered as F coalgebras, in fact they constitute a covariety, we find that the intersection of subcoalgebras need not be a coalgebra, and 1generated Fcoalgebras need not exist. 1. Introduction Coalgebras have been introduced by Aczel and Mendler [AM89] to model various types of transition systems. Reichel [Rei95], and Jacobs [Jac96] show that coalgebras are well suited for modeling object oriented programmming and for program verification. In [Rut96], J.J.M.M. Rutten develops the a fundamental theory of "universal coalgebra" along the lines of univers...