Results 1  10
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479
Higher rank graph C∗algebras
, 2000
"... Building on recent work of Robertson and Steger, we associate a C*algebra to a combinatorial object which maybe thought of as a higher rank graph. This C*algebra is shown to be isomorphic to that of the associated path groupoid. Various results in this paper give sufficient conditions on the highe ..."
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Cited by 134 (34 self)
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Building on recent work of Robertson and Steger, we associate a C*algebra to a combinatorial object which maybe thought of as a higher rank graph. This C*algebra is shown to be isomorphic to that of the associated path groupoid. Various results in this paper give sufficient conditions on the higher rank graph for the associated C*algebra to be: simple, purely infinite and AF. Results concerning the structure of crossed products by certain natural actions of discrete groups are obtained; a technique for constructing rank 2 graphs from "commuting" rank 1 graphs is given.
Computing the editdistance between unrooted ordered trees
 In Proceedings of the 6th annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA
, 1998
"... Abstract. An ordered tree is a tree in which each node’s incident edges are cyclically ordered; think of the tree as being embedded in the plane. Let A and B be two ordered trees. The edit distance between A and B is the minimum cost of a sequence of operations (contract an edge, uncontract an edge, ..."
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Cited by 98 (0 self)
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Abstract. An ordered tree is a tree in which each node’s incident edges are cyclically ordered; think of the tree as being embedded in the plane. Let A and B be two ordered trees. The edit distance between A and B is the minimum cost of a sequence of operations (contract an edge, uncontract an edge, modify the label of an edge) needed to transform A into B. WegiveanO(n 3 log n) algorithm to compute the edit distance between two ordered trees. 1
Higher rank graph C*algebras
, 2000
"... Building on recent work of Robertson and Steger, we associate a C ∗ –algebra to a combinatorial object which may be thought of as a higher rank graph. This C ∗ –algebra is shown to be isomorphic to that of the associated path groupoid. Various results in this paper give sufficient conditions on the ..."
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Cited by 65 (14 self)
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Building on recent work of Robertson and Steger, we associate a C ∗ –algebra to a combinatorial object which may be thought of as a higher rank graph. This C ∗ –algebra is shown to be isomorphic to that of the associated path groupoid. Various results in this paper give sufficient conditions on the higher rank graph for the associated C ∗ –algebra to be: simple, purely infinite and AF. Results concerning the structure of crossed products by certain natural actions of discrete groups are obtained; a technique for constructing rank 2 graphs from “commuting” rank 1 graphs is given.
Moore graphs and beyond: A survey of the degree/diameter problem
 ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF COMBINATORICS
, 2013
"... The degree/diameter problem is to determine the largest graphs or digraphs of given maximum degree and given diameter. General upper bounds – called Moore bounds – for the order of such graphs and digraphs are attainable only for certain special graphs and digraphs. Finding better (tighter) upper bo ..."
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Cited by 64 (5 self)
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The degree/diameter problem is to determine the largest graphs or digraphs of given maximum degree and given diameter. General upper bounds – called Moore bounds – for the order of such graphs and digraphs are attainable only for certain special graphs and digraphs. Finding better (tighter) upper bounds for the maximum possible number of vertices, given the other two parameters, and thus attacking the degree/diameter problem ‘from above’, remains a largely unexplored area. Constructions producing large graphs and digraphs of given degree and diameter represent a way of attacking the degree/diameter problem ‘from below’. This survey aims to give an overview of the current stateoftheart of the degree/diameter problem. We focus mainly on the above two streams of research. However, we could not resist mentioning also results on various related problems. These include considering Moorelike bounds for special types of graphs and digraphs, such as vertextransitive, Cayley, planar, bipartite, and many others, on
Dynamic Generators of Topologically Embedded Graphs
, 2003
"... We provide a data structure for maintaining an embedding of a graph on a surface (represented combinatorially by a permutation of edges around each vertex) and computing generators of the fundamental group of the surface, in amortized time O(logn + logg(loglogg) 3) per update on a surface of genus g ..."
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Cited by 51 (1 self)
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We provide a data structure for maintaining an embedding of a graph on a surface (represented combinatorially by a permutation of edges around each vertex) and computing generators of the fundamental group of the surface, in amortized time O(logn + logg(loglogg) 3) per update on a surface of genus g; we can also test orientability of the surface in the same time, and maintain the minimum and maximum spanning tree of the graph in time O(log n + log 4 g) per update. Our data structure allows edge insertion and deletion as well as the dual operations; these operations may implicitly change the genus of the embedding surface. We apply similar ideas to improve the constant factor in a separator theorem for lowgenus graphs, and to find in linear time a treedecomposition of lowgenus lowdiameter graphs.
C*Algebras of Directed Graphs and Group Actions
, 1997
"... Given a free action of a group G on a directed graph E we show that the crossed product of C*(E), the universal C*algebra of E, by the induced action is strongly Morita equivalent to C*(E/G). Since every connected graph E may be expressed as the quotient of a tree T by an action of a free group G ..."
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Cited by 40 (11 self)
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Given a free action of a group G on a directed graph E we show that the crossed product of C*(E), the universal C*algebra of E, by the induced action is strongly Morita equivalent to C*(E/G). Since every connected graph E may be expressed as the quotient of a tree T by an action of a free group G we may use our results to show that C*(E) is strongly Morita equivalent to the crossed product C0 (@T ) \Theta G, where @T is a certain 0dimensional space canonically associated to the tree.
Symmetry Breaking in Graphs
 Electronic Journal of Combinatorics
, 1996
"... A labeling of the vertices of a graph G, OE : V (G) ! f1; : : : ; rg, is said to be rdistinguishing provided no automorphism of the graph preserves all of the vertex labels. The distinguishing number of a graph G, denoted by D(G), is the minimum r such that G has an rdistinguishing labeling. T ..."
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Cited by 34 (4 self)
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A labeling of the vertices of a graph G, OE : V (G) ! f1; : : : ; rg, is said to be rdistinguishing provided no automorphism of the graph preserves all of the vertex labels. The distinguishing number of a graph G, denoted by D(G), is the minimum r such that G has an rdistinguishing labeling. The distinguishing number of the complete graph on t vertices is t. In contrast, we prove (i) given any group \Gamma, there is a graph G such that Aut(G) = \Gamma and D(G) = 2; (ii) D(G) = O(log(jAut(G)j)); (iii) if Aut(G) is abelian, then D(G) 2; (iv) if Aut(G) is dihedral, then D(G) 3; and (v) If Aut(G) = S 4 , then either D(G) = 2 or D(G) = 4. Mathematics Subject Classification 05C,20B,20F,68R 1
Minimum Cuts and Shortest Homologous Cycles
 SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTATIONAL GEOMETRY
, 2009
"... We describe the first algorithms to compute minimum cuts in surfaceembedded graphs in nearlinear time. Given an undirected graph embedded on an orientable surface of genus g, with two specified vertices s and t, our algorithm computes a minimum (s, t)cut in g O(g) n log n time. Except for the spec ..."
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Cited by 34 (11 self)
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We describe the first algorithms to compute minimum cuts in surfaceembedded graphs in nearlinear time. Given an undirected graph embedded on an orientable surface of genus g, with two specified vertices s and t, our algorithm computes a minimum (s, t)cut in g O(g) n log n time. Except for the special case of planar graphs, for which O(n log n)time algorithms have been known for more than 20 years, the best previous time bounds for finding minimum cuts in embedded graphs follow from algorithms for general sparse graphs. A slight generalization of our minimumcut algorithm computes a minimumcost subgraph in every Z2homology class. We also prove that finding a minimumcost subgraph homologous to a single input cycle is NPhard.
THE KAUFFMAN BRACKET OF VIRTUAL LINKS AND THE BOLLOBÁSRIORDAN POLYNOMIAL
, 2006
"... We show that the Kauffman bracket [L] of a checkerboard colorable virtual link L is an evaluation of the BollobásRiordan polynomial RGL of a ribbon graph associated with L. This result generalizes the celebrated relation between the classical Kauffman bracket and the Tutte polynomial of planar gra ..."
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Cited by 33 (3 self)
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We show that the Kauffman bracket [L] of a checkerboard colorable virtual link L is an evaluation of the BollobásRiordan polynomial RGL of a ribbon graph associated with L. This result generalizes the celebrated relation between the classical Kauffman bracket and the Tutte polynomial of planar graphs.