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**1 - 1**of**1**### Register Loading via Linear Programming

, 2012

"... We study the following optimization problem. The input is a number k and a directed graph with a specified “start ” vertex, each of whose vertices may have one “memory bank requirement”, an integer. There are k “registers”, labeled 1...k. A valid solution associates to the vertices with no bank requ ..."

Abstract
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We study the following optimization problem. The input is a number k and a directed graph with a specified “start ” vertex, each of whose vertices may have one “memory bank requirement”, an integer. There are k “registers”, labeled 1...k. A valid solution associates to the vertices with no bank requirement one or more “load instructions ” L[b,j], for bank b and register j, such that every directed trail from the start vertex to some vertex with bank requirement c contains a vertex u that has been associated L[c,i] (for some register i ≤ k) and no vertex following u in the trail has been associated an L[b,i], for any other bank b. The objective is to minimize the total number of associated load instructions. We give a k(k +1)-approximation algorithm based on linear programming rounding, with (k+1) being the best possible unless Vertex Cover has approximation 2−ǫ for ǫ> 0. We also present a O(klogn) approximation, with n being the number of vertices in the input directed graph. Based on the same linear program, another rounding method outputs a valid solution with objective at most 2k times the optimum for k registers, using 2k−1 registers. 1