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37
Mass problems and measuretheoretic regularity
, 2009
"... Research supported by NSF grants DMS0600823 and DMS0652637. ..."
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Research supported by NSF grants DMS0600823 and DMS0652637.
Computability and Incomputability
"... The conventional wisdom presented in most computability books and historical papers is that there were several researchers in the early 1930’s working on various precise definitions and demonstrations of a function specified by a finite procedure and that they should all share approximately equal cr ..."
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The conventional wisdom presented in most computability books and historical papers is that there were several researchers in the early 1930’s working on various precise definitions and demonstrations of a function specified by a finite procedure and that they should all share approximately equal credit. This is incorrect. It was Turing alone who achieved the characterization, in the opinion of Gödel. We also explore Turing’s oracle machine and its analogous properties in analysis. Keywords: Turing amachine, computability, ChurchTuring Thesis, Kurt Gödel, Alan Turing, Turing omachine, computable approximations,
Generalized high degrees have the complementation property
 Journal of Symbolic Logic
"... Abstract. We show that if d ∈ GH1 then D( ≤ d) has the complementation property, i.e. for all a < d there is some b < d such that a ∧ b = 0 and a ∨ b = d. §1. Introduction. A major theme in the investigation of the structure of the Turing degrees, (D, ≤T), has been the relationship between the ..."
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Abstract. We show that if d ∈ GH1 then D( ≤ d) has the complementation property, i.e. for all a < d there is some b < d such that a ∧ b = 0 and a ∨ b = d. §1. Introduction. A major theme in the investigation of the structure of the Turing degrees, (D, ≤T), has been the relationship between the order theoretic properties of a degree and its complexity of definition in arithmetic as expressed by the Turing jump operator which embodies a single step in the hierarchy of quantification. For example, there is a long history of results showing that 0 ′
The complexity of orbits of computably enumerable sets
 BULLETIN OF SYMBOLIC LOGIC
, 2008
"... The goal of this paper is to announce there is a single orbit of the c.e. sets with inclusion, E, such that the question of membership in this orbit is Σ1 1complete. This result and proof have a number of nice corollaries: the Scott rank of E is ωCK 1 + 1; not all orbits are elementarily definable; ..."
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The goal of this paper is to announce there is a single orbit of the c.e. sets with inclusion, E, such that the question of membership in this orbit is Σ1 1complete. This result and proof have a number of nice corollaries: the Scott rank of E is ωCK 1 + 1; not all orbits are elementarily definable; there is no arithmetic description of all orbits of E; for all finite α ≥ 9, there is a properly ∆0 α orbit (from the proof).
Low upper bounds of ideals
"... Abstract. We show that there is a low Tupper bound for the class of Ktrivial sets, namely those which are weak from the point of view of algorithmic randomness. This result is a special case of a more general characterization of ideals in ∆0 2 Tdegrees for which there is a low Tupper bound. 1. ..."
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Abstract. We show that there is a low Tupper bound for the class of Ktrivial sets, namely those which are weak from the point of view of algorithmic randomness. This result is a special case of a more general characterization of ideals in ∆0 2 Tdegrees for which there is a low Tupper bound. 1.
EXACT PAIRS FOR THE IDEAL OF THE KTRIVIAL SEQUENCES IN THE TURING DEGREES
, 2012
"... The Ktrivial sets form an ideal in the Turing degrees, which is generated by its computably enumerable (c.e.) members and has an exact pair below the degree of the halting problem. The question of whether it has an exact pair in the c.e. degrees was first raised in [MN06, Question 4.2] and later i ..."
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The Ktrivial sets form an ideal in the Turing degrees, which is generated by its computably enumerable (c.e.) members and has an exact pair below the degree of the halting problem. The question of whether it has an exact pair in the c.e. degrees was first raised in [MN06, Question 4.2] and later in [Nie09, Problem 5.5.8]. We give a negative answer to this question. In fact, we show the following stronger statement in the c.e. degrees. There exists a Ktrivial degree d such that for all degrees a, b which are not Ktrivial and a> d, b> d there exists a degree v which is not Ktrivial and a> v, b> v. This work sheds light to the question of the definability of the Ktrivial degrees in the c.e. degrees.
Computational Processes, Observers and Turing Incompleteness
"... We propose a formal definition of Wolfram’s notion of computational process based on iterated transducers together with a weak observer, a model of computation that captures some aspects of physicslike computation. These processes admit a natural classification into decidable, intermediate and comp ..."
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We propose a formal definition of Wolfram’s notion of computational process based on iterated transducers together with a weak observer, a model of computation that captures some aspects of physicslike computation. These processes admit a natural classification into decidable, intermediate and complete, where intermediate processes correspond to recursively enumerable sets of intermediate degree in the classical setting. It is shown that a standard finite injury priority argument will not suffice to establish the existence of an intermediate computational process.
Computational Processes and Incompleteness
, 906
"... We introduce a formal definition of Wolfram’s notion of computational process based on cellular automata, a physicslike model of computation. There is a natural classification of these processes into decidable, intermediate and complete. It is shown that in the context of standard finite injury pri ..."
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We introduce a formal definition of Wolfram’s notion of computational process based on cellular automata, a physicslike model of computation. There is a natural classification of these processes into decidable, intermediate and complete. It is shown that in the context of standard finite injury priority arguments one cannot establish the existence of an intermediate computational process. 1 Computational Processes Degrees of unsolvability were introduced in two important papers by Post [21] and Kleene and Post [12]. The object of these papers was the study of the complexity of decision problems and in particular their relative complexity: how does a solution to one problem contribute to the solution of another, a notion that can be formalized in terms of Turing reducibility and Turing degrees. Post was particularly interested in the degrees of recursively enumerable (r.e.) degrees. The Turing degrees of r.e. sets together with Turing reducibility form a partial order and in fact an upper semilattice R. It is easy to see that R has least element /0, the degree of decidable sets, and a largest element /0 ′ , the degree of the halting set. Post asked whether there are any other r.e. degrees and embarked on a program to establish the existence of such an intermediate degree by constructing a suitable r.e. set. Post’s efforts produced a number of interesting ideas such as simple, hypersimple and hyperhypersimple sets but failed to produce
Annals of Mathematics FirstOrder Theory of the Degrees of Recursive Unsolvability
"... JSTOR is a notforprofit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JS ..."
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JSTOR is a notforprofit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. Annals of Mathematics is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Annals of