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Full Abstraction for PCF
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1996
"... An intensional model for the programming language PCF is described, in which the types of PCF are interpreted by games, and the terms by certain "historyfree" strategies. This model is shown to capture definability in PCF. More precisely, every compact strategy in the model is definable i ..."
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Cited by 255 (16 self)
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An intensional model for the programming language PCF is described, in which the types of PCF are interpreted by games, and the terms by certain "historyfree" strategies. This model is shown to capture definability in PCF. More precisely, every compact strategy in the model is definable in a certain simple extension of PCF. We then introduce an intrinsic preorder on strategies, and show that it satisfies some remarkable properties, such that the intrinsic preorder on function types coincides with the pointwise preorder. We then obtain an orderextensional fully abstract model of PCF by quotienting the intensional model by the intrinsic preorder. This is the first syntaxindependent description of the fully abstract model for PCF. (Hyland and Ong have obtained very similar results by a somewhat different route, independently and at the same time.) We then consider the effective version of our model, and prove a Universality Theorem: every element of the effective extensional model is definable in PCF. Equivalently, every recursive strategy is definable up to observational equivalence.
Structural Operational Semantics
 Handbook of Process Algebra
, 1999
"... Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) provides a framework to give an operational semantics to programming and specification languages, which, because of its intuitive appeal and flexibility, has found considerable application in the theory of concurrent processes. Even though SOS is widely use ..."
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Cited by 150 (19 self)
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Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) provides a framework to give an operational semantics to programming and specification languages, which, because of its intuitive appeal and flexibility, has found considerable application in the theory of concurrent processes. Even though SOS is widely used in programming language semantics at large, some of its most interesting theoretical developments have taken place within concurrency theory. In particular, SOS has been successfully applied as a formal tool to establish results that hold for whole classes of process description languages. The concept of rule format has played a major role in the development of this general theory of process description languages, and several such formats have been proposed in the research literature. This chapter presents an exposition of existing rule formats, and of the rich body of results that are guaranteed to hold for any process description language whose SOS is within one of these formats. As far as possible, the theory is developed for SOS with features like predicates and negative premises.
Games and Full Abstraction for the Lazy lambdacalculus
 In Proceedings, Tenth Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 1995
"... ion for the Lazy calculus Samson Abramsky Guy McCusker Department of Computing Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine 180 Queen's Gate London SW7 2BZ United Kingdom Abstract We define a category of games G, and its extensional quotient E . A model of the lazy calculus, a typ ..."
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Cited by 149 (9 self)
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ion for the Lazy calculus Samson Abramsky Guy McCusker Department of Computing Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine 180 Queen's Gate London SW7 2BZ United Kingdom Abstract We define a category of games G, and its extensional quotient E . A model of the lazy calculus, a typefree functional language based on evaluation to weak head normal form, is given in G, yielding an extensional model in E . This model is shown to be fully abstract with respect to applicative simulation. This is, so far as we know, the first purely semantic construction of a fully abstract model for a reflexivelytyped sequential language. 1 Introduction Full Abstraction is a key concept in programming language semantics [9, 12, 23, 26]. The ingredients are as follows. We are given a language L, with an `observational preorder'  on terms in L such that P  Q means that every observable property of P is also satisfied by Q; and a denotational model MJ\DeltaK. The model M is then said to be f...
Full Abstraction for PCF (Extended Abstract)
 THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE. INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM TACS'94, NUMBER 789 IN LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1994
"... The Full Abstraction Problem for PCF [23, 20, 7, 11] is one of the longeststanding problems in the semantics of programming languages. There is quite widespread agreement that it is one of the most difficult; there is much less agreement as to what exactly the problem is, or more particularly as ..."
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Cited by 73 (11 self)
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The Full Abstraction Problem for PCF [23, 20, 7, 11] is one of the longeststanding problems in the semantics of programming languages. There is quite widespread agreement that it is one of the most difficult; there is much less agreement as to what exactly the problem is, or more particularly as to the precise criteria for a solution. The usual formulation is that one wants a "semantic characterization" of the fully abstract model (by which we mean the inequationally fully abstract orderextensional model, which Milner proved to be uniquely specified up to isomorphism by these properties [20]). The problem is to understand what should be meant by a "semantic characterization". Our view is that the essential content of the problem, what makes it important, is that it calls for a semantic characterization of sequential, functional computation at hig...
Observable Sequentiality and Full Abstraction
 In Proceedings of POPL ’92
, 1992
"... ion Robert Cartwright Matthias Felleisen Department of Computer Science Rice University Houston, TX 772511892 Abstract One of the major challenges in denotational semantics is the construction of fully abstract models for sequential programming languages. For the past fifteen years, research o ..."
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Cited by 43 (4 self)
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ion Robert Cartwright Matthias Felleisen Department of Computer Science Rice University Houston, TX 772511892 Abstract One of the major challenges in denotational semantics is the construction of fully abstract models for sequential programming languages. For the past fifteen years, research on this problem has focused on developing models for PCF, an idealized functional programming language based on the typed lambda calculus. Unlike most practical languages, PCF has no facilities for observing and exploiting the evaluation order of arguments in procedures. Since we believe that such facilities are crucial for understanding the nature of sequential computation, this paper focuses on a sequential extension of PCF (called SPCF) that includes two classes of control operators: error generators and escape handlers. These new control operators enable us to construct a fully abstract model for SPCF that interprets higher types as sets of errorsensitive functions instead of continuous...
A Model for the piCalculus
, 1991
"... We develop a semantic theory based on testing for a minor variant of the ßcalculus. The resulting semantic equivalence can be characterised using of acceptance sets and can also be characterised as an equational theory. We define a class of interpretations for the ßcalculus and construct one whic ..."
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Cited by 42 (7 self)
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We develop a semantic theory based on testing for a minor variant of the ßcalculus. The resulting semantic equivalence can be characterised using of acceptance sets and can also be characterised as an equational theory. We define a class of interpretations for the ßcalculus and construct one which is fullyabstract. Moreover the interpretation we construct is initial in the class of all fullyabstract interpretations. This work has been supported by the ESPRIT/BRA CONCUR project 1 Introduction In [MPW92a], [MPW92b], a calculus of mobile processes, the ßcalculus, is presented. The first reference is an introduction to the calculus and the second develops a semantic theory based on bisimulations, [Mil89]. The ßcalculus is an extension of the process algebra CCS, a more primitive calculus for describing and manipulating processes which perform uninterpreted actions. In the ßcalculus these actions are now interpreted as either the input or output of values along channels. The p...
Full abstraction for a shared variable parallel language
 In Proceedings, 8th Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 1993
"... We give a new denotational semantics for a shared variable parallel programming language and prove full abstraction: the semantics gives identical meanings to commands if and only if they induce the same partial correctness behavior in all program contexts. The meaning of a command is a set of “tran ..."
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Cited by 39 (4 self)
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We give a new denotational semantics for a shared variable parallel programming language and prove full abstraction: the semantics gives identical meanings to commands if and only if they induce the same partial correctness behavior in all program contexts. The meaning of a command is a set of “transition traces”, which record the ways in which a command may interact with and be affected by its environment. We show how to modify the semantics to incorporate new program constructs, to allow for different levels of granularity or atomicity, and to model fair infinite computation, in each case achieving full abstraction with respect to an appropriate notion of program behavior. 1
Correspondence between Operational and Denotational Semantics
 Handbook of Logic in Computer Science
, 1995
"... This course introduces the operational and denotational semantics of PCF and examines the relationship between the two. Topics: Syntax and operational semantics of PCF, Activity Lemma, undefinability of parallel or; Context Lemma (first principles proof) and proof by logical relations Denotational ..."
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Cited by 25 (0 self)
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This course introduces the operational and denotational semantics of PCF and examines the relationship between the two. Topics: Syntax and operational semantics of PCF, Activity Lemma, undefinability of parallel or; Context Lemma (first principles proof) and proof by logical relations Denotational semantics of PCF induced by an interpretation; (standard) Scott model, adequacy, weak adequacy and its proof (by a computability predicate) Domain Theory up to SFP and Scott domains; non full abstraction of the standard model, definability of compact elements and full abstraction for PCFP (PCF + parallel or), properties of orderextensional (continuous) models of PCF, Milner's model and Mulmuley's construction (excluding proofs) Additional topics (time permitting): results on pure simplytyped lambda calculus, Friedman 's Completeness Theorem, minimal model, logical relations and definability, undecidability of lambda definability (excluding proof), dIdomains and stable functions Homepa...
From Operational to Denotational Semantics
 In MFPS 1991
, 1989
"... In this paper it is shown how operational semantic methods may be naturally extended to encompass many of the concepts of denotational semantics. This work builds on the standard development of an operational semantics as an interpreter and operational equivalence. The key addition is an operational ..."
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Cited by 19 (6 self)
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In this paper it is shown how operational semantic methods may be naturally extended to encompass many of the concepts of denotational semantics. This work builds on the standard development of an operational semantics as an interpreter and operational equivalence. The key addition is an operational ordering on sets of terms. From properties of this ordering a closure construction directly yields a fully abstract continuous cpo model. Furthermore, it is not necessary to construct the cpo, for principles such as soundness of fixedpoint induction may be obtained by direct reasoning from this new ordering. The end result is that traditional denotational techniques may be applied in a purely operational setting in a natural fashion, a matter of practical importance for developing semantics of realistic programming languages. 1 Introduction This paper aims to accomplish a degree of unification between operational and denotational approaches to programming language semantics by recasting d...