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38
Wellfounded Trees and Dependent Polynomial Functors
 OF LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2004
"... We set out to study the consequences of the assumption of types of wellfounded trees in dependent type theories. We do so by investigating the categorical notion of wellfounded tree introduced in [16]. Our main result shows that wellfounded trees allow us to define initial algebras for a wide class ..."
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Cited by 26 (4 self)
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We set out to study the consequences of the assumption of types of wellfounded trees in dependent type theories. We do so by investigating the categorical notion of wellfounded tree introduced in [16]. Our main result shows that wellfounded trees allow us to define initial algebras for a wide class of endofunctors on locally cartesian closed categories.
Presheaf models of constructive set theories
, 2004
"... Abstract. We introduce a new kind of models for constructive set theories based on categories of presheaves. These models are a counterpart of the presheaf models for intuitionistic set theories defined by Dana Scott in the ’80s. We also show how presheaf models fit into the framework of Algebraic S ..."
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Cited by 16 (4 self)
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Abstract. We introduce a new kind of models for constructive set theories based on categories of presheaves. These models are a counterpart of the presheaf models for intuitionistic set theories defined by Dana Scott in the ’80s. We also show how presheaf models fit into the framework of Algebraic Set Theory and sketch an application to an independence result. 1. Variable sets in foundations and practice Presheaves are of central importance both for the foundations and the practice of mathematics. The notion of a presheaf formalizes well the idea of a variable set, that is relevant in all the areas of mathematics concerned with the study of indexed families of objects [19]. One may then readily see how presheaves are of interest also in foundations: both Cohen’s forcing models for classical set theories and Kripke models for intuitionistic logic involve the idea of sets indexed by stages. Constructive aspects start to emerge when one considers the internal logic of categories of presheaves. This logic, which does not include classical principles such as the law of the excluded middle, provides a useful language to manipulate objects
Type class polymorphism in an institutional framework
 IN JOSÉ FIADEIRO, EDITOR, 17TH WADT, LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2005
"... Higherorder logic with shallow type class polymorphism is widely used as a specification formalism. Its polymorphic entities (types, operators, axioms) can easily be equipped with a ‘naive ’ semantics defined in terms of collections of instances. However, this semantics has the unpleasant property ..."
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Cited by 12 (7 self)
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Higherorder logic with shallow type class polymorphism is widely used as a specification formalism. Its polymorphic entities (types, operators, axioms) can easily be equipped with a ‘naive ’ semantics defined in terms of collections of instances. However, this semantics has the unpleasant property that while model reduction preserves satisfaction of sentences, model expansion generally does not. In other words, unless further measures are taken, type class polymorphism fails to constitute a proper institution, being only a socalled rps preinstitution; this is unfortunate, as it means that one cannot use institutionindependent or heterogeneous structuring languages, proof calculi, and tools with it. Here, we suggest to remedy this problem by modifying the notion of model to include information also about its potential future extensions. Our construction works at a high level of generality in the sense that it provides, for any preinstitution, an institution in which the original preinstitution can be represented. The semantics of polymorphism used in the specification language HasCasl makes use of this result. In fact, HasCasl’s polymorphism is a special case of a general notion of polymorphism in institutions introduced here, and our construction leads to the right notion of semantic consequence when applied to this generic polymorphism. The appropriateness of the construction for other frameworks that share the same problem depends on methodological questions to be decided case by case. In particular, it turns out that our method is apparently unsuitable for observational logics, while it works well with abstract state machine formalisms such as statebased Casl.
A universal characterization of the closed euclidean interval (Extended Abstract)
 PROC. OF 16TH ANN. IEEE SYMP. ON LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE, LICS'01
, 2001
"... We propose a notion of interval object in a category with finite products, providing a universal property for closed and bounded real line segments. The universal property gives rise to an analogue of primitive recursion for defining computable functions on the interval. We use this to define basi ..."
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Cited by 11 (1 self)
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We propose a notion of interval object in a category with finite products, providing a universal property for closed and bounded real line segments. The universal property gives rise to an analogue of primitive recursion for defining computable functions on the interval. We use this to define basic arithmetic operations and to verify equations between them. We test the notion in categories of interest. In the
Aspects of predicative algebraic set theory I: Exact Completion
 Ann. Pure Appl. Logic
"... This is the first in a series of three papers on Algebraic Set Theory. Its main purpose is to lay the necessary groundwork for the next two parts, one on ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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This is the first in a series of three papers on Algebraic Set Theory. Its main purpose is to lay the necessary groundwork for the next two parts, one on
Inductive Types and Exact Completion
 Ann. Pure Appl. Logic
, 2002
"... Using the theory of exact completions, we show that a specific class of pretopoi, consisting of what we might call "realizability pretopoi", can act as categorical models of certain predicative type theories, including MartinLof type theory. Our main theoretical instrument for doing so is ..."
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Cited by 8 (7 self)
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Using the theory of exact completions, we show that a specific class of pretopoi, consisting of what we might call "realizability pretopoi", can act as categorical models of certain predicative type theories, including MartinLof type theory. Our main theoretical instrument for doing so is a categorical notion, the notion of weak Wtypes, an "intensional" analogue of the "extensional " notion of Wtypes introduced in an article by Moerdijk and Palmgren ([6]). 1
General structural operational semantics through categorical logic (Extended Abstract)
, 2008
"... Certain principles are fundamental to operational semantics, regardless of the languages or idioms involved. Such principles include rulebased definitions and proof techniques for congruence results. We formulate these principles in the general context of categorical logic. From this general formul ..."
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Cited by 7 (6 self)
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Certain principles are fundamental to operational semantics, regardless of the languages or idioms involved. Such principles include rulebased definitions and proof techniques for congruence results. We formulate these principles in the general context of categorical logic. From this general formulation we recover precise results for particular language idioms by interpreting the logic in particular categories. For instance, results for firstorder calculi, such as CCS, arise from considering the general results in the category of sets. Results for languages involving substitution and name generation, such as the πcalculus, arise from considering the general results in categories of sheaves and group actions. As an extended example, we develop a tyft/tyxtlike rule format for open bisimulation in the πcalculus.
∂ for Data: Differentiating Data Structures
"... This paper and our conference paper (Abbott, Altenkirch, Ghani, and McBride, 2003b) explain and analyse the notion of the derivative of a data structure as the type of its onehole contexts based on the central observation made by McBride (2001). To make the idea precise we need a generic notion of ..."
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Cited by 7 (1 self)
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This paper and our conference paper (Abbott, Altenkirch, Ghani, and McBride, 2003b) explain and analyse the notion of the derivative of a data structure as the type of its onehole contexts based on the central observation made by McBride (2001). To make the idea precise we need a generic notion of a data type, which leads to the notion of a container, introduced in (Abbott, Altenkirch, and Ghani, 2003a) and investigated extensively in (Abbott, 2003). Using containers we can provide a notion of linear map which is the concept missing from McBride’s first analysis. We verify the usual laws of differential calculus including the chain rule and establish laws for initial algebras and terminal coalgebras.