Results 1  10
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557
Anti de Sitter space and holography
, 1998
"... Recently, it has been proposed by Maldacena that large N limits of certain conformal field theories in d dimensions can be described in terms of supergravity (and string theory) on the product of d+1dimensional AdS space with a compact manifold. Here we elaborate on this idea and propose a precise ..."
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Cited by 302 (7 self)
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Recently, it has been proposed by Maldacena that large N limits of certain conformal field theories in d dimensions can be described in terms of supergravity (and string theory) on the product of d+1dimensional AdS space with a compact manifold. Here we elaborate on this idea and propose a precise correspondence between conformal field theory observables and those of supergravity: correlation functions in conformal field theory are given by the dependence of the supergravity action on the asymptotic behavior at infinity. In particular, dimensions of operators in conformal field theory are given by masses of particles in supergravity. As quantitative confirmation of this correspondence, we note that the KaluzaKlein modes of Type IIB supergravity on AdS5×S5 match with the chiral operators of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions. With some further assumptions, one can deduce a Hamiltonian version of the correspondence and show that the N = 4 theory has a large N phase transition related to the thermodynamics of AdS black holes. February
Chern–Simons Perturbation Theory
 II,” J. Diff. Geom
, 1994
"... Abstract. We study the perturbation theory for three dimensional Chern–Simons quantum field theory on a general compact three manifold without boundary. We show that after a simple change of variables, the action obtained by BRS gauge fixing in the Lorentz gauge has a superspace formulation. The bas ..."
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Cited by 124 (2 self)
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Abstract. We study the perturbation theory for three dimensional Chern–Simons quantum field theory on a general compact three manifold without boundary. We show that after a simple change of variables, the action obtained by BRS gauge fixing in the Lorentz gauge has a superspace formulation. The basic properties of the propagator and the Feynman rules are written in a precise manner in the language of differential forms. Using the explicit description of the propagator singularities, we prove that the theory is finite. Finally the anomalous metric dependence of the 2loop partition function on the Riemannian metric (which was introduced to define the gauge fixing) can be cancelled by a local counterterm as in the 1loop case [28]. In fact, the counterterm is equal to the Chern–Simons action of the metric connection, normalized precisely as one would expect based on the framing dependence of Witten’s exact solution.
Conformal blocks and generalized theta functions
 Comm. Math. Phys
, 1994
"... The aim of this paper is to construct a canonical isomorphism between two vector spaces associated to a Riemann surface X. The first of these spaces is the space of conformal blocks Bc(r) (also called the space of vacua), which plays an important role in conformal field theory. It is defined as foll ..."
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Cited by 112 (11 self)
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The aim of this paper is to construct a canonical isomorphism between two vector spaces associated to a Riemann surface X. The first of these spaces is the space of conformal blocks Bc(r) (also called the space of vacua), which plays an important role in conformal field theory. It is defined as follows: choose a point p ∈ X, and let AX be the
Topological quantum computation
 Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S
"... Abstract. The theory of quantum computation can be constructed from the abstract study of anyonic systems. In mathematical terms, these are unitary topological modular functors. They underlie the Jones polynomial and arise in WittenChernSimons theory. The braiding and fusion of anyonic excitations ..."
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Cited by 109 (14 self)
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Abstract. The theory of quantum computation can be constructed from the abstract study of anyonic systems. In mathematical terms, these are unitary topological modular functors. They underlie the Jones polynomial and arise in WittenChernSimons theory. The braiding and fusion of anyonic excitations in quantum Hall electron liquids and 2Dmagnets are modeled by modular functors, opening a new possibility for the realization of quantum computers. The chief advantage of anyonic computation would be physical error correction: An error rate scaling like e−αℓ, where ℓ is a length scale, and α is some positive constant. In contrast, the “presumptive ” qubitmodel of quantum computation, which repairs errors combinatorically, requires a fantastically low initial error rate (about 10−4) before computation can be stabilized. Quantum computation is a catchall for several models of computation based on a theoretical ability to manufacture, manipulate and measure quantum states. In this context, there are three areas where remarkable algorithms have been found: searching a data base [15], abelian groups (factoring and discrete logarithm) [19],
New points of view in knot theory
 Bull. Am. Math. Soc., New Ser
, 1993
"... In this article we shall give an account of certain developments in knot theory which followed upon the discovery of the Jones polynomial [Jo3] in 1984. The focus of our account will be recent glimmerings of understanding of the topological meaning of the new invariants. A second theme will be the c ..."
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Cited by 94 (0 self)
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In this article we shall give an account of certain developments in knot theory which followed upon the discovery of the Jones polynomial [Jo3] in 1984. The focus of our account will be recent glimmerings of understanding of the topological meaning of the new invariants. A second theme will be the central role that braid
On The MelvinMortonRozansky Conjecture
, 1994
"... . We prove a conjecture stated by Melvin and Morton (and elucidated further by Rozansky) saying that the AlexanderConway polynomial of a knot can be read from some of the coefficients of the Jones polynomials of cables of that knot (i.e., coefficients of the "colored" Jones polynomial). We first ..."
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Cited by 88 (14 self)
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. We prove a conjecture stated by Melvin and Morton (and elucidated further by Rozansky) saying that the AlexanderConway polynomial of a knot can be read from some of the coefficients of the Jones polynomials of cables of that knot (i.e., coefficients of the "colored" Jones polynomial). We first reduce the problem to the level of weight systems using a general principle, which may be of some independent interest, and which sometimes allows to deduce equality of Vassiliev invariants from the equality of their weight systems. We then prove the conjecture combinatorially on the level of weight systems. Finally, we prove a generalization of the MelvinMortonRozansky (MMR) conjecture to knot invariants coming from arbitrary semisimple Lie algebras. As side benefits we discuss a relation between the Conway polynomial and immanants and a curious formula for the weight system of the colored Jones polynomial. Contents 1. Introduction 2 1.1. The conjecture 1.2. Preliminaries 1....
A modular functor which is universal for quantum computation
 Comm. Math. Phys
"... Abstract: We show that the topological modular functor from Witten–Chern–Simons theory is universal for quantum computation in the sense that a quantum circuit computation can be efficiently approximated by an intertwining action of a braid on the functor’s state space. A computational model based o ..."
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Cited by 84 (17 self)
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Abstract: We show that the topological modular functor from Witten–Chern–Simons theory is universal for quantum computation in the sense that a quantum circuit computation can be efficiently approximated by an intertwining action of a braid on the functor’s state space. A computational model based on Chern–Simons theory at a fifth root of unity is defined and shown to be polynomially equivalent to the quantum circuit model. The chief technical advance: the density of the irreducible sectors of the Jones representation has topological implications which will be considered elsewhere. 1.
Simulation of topological field theories by quantum computers
 Comm.Math.Phys.227
"... Abstract: Quantum computers will work by evolving a high tensor power of a small (e.g. two) dimensional Hilbert space by local gates, which can be implemented by applying a local Hamiltonian H for a time t. In contrast to this quantum engineering, the most abstract reaches of theoretical physics has ..."
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Cited by 80 (12 self)
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Abstract: Quantum computers will work by evolving a high tensor power of a small (e.g. two) dimensional Hilbert space by local gates, which can be implemented by applying a local Hamiltonian H for a time t. In contrast to this quantum engineering, the most abstract reaches of theoretical physics has spawned “topological models ” having a finite dimensional internal state space with no natural tensor product structure and in which the evolution of the state is discrete, H ≡ 0. These are called topological quantum field theories (TQFTs). These exotic physical systems are proved to be efficiently simulated on a quantum computer. The conclusion is twofold: 1. TQFTs cannot be used to define a model of computation stronger than the usual quantum model “BQP”. 2. TQFTs provide a radically different way of looking at quantum computation. The rich mathematical structure of TQFTs might suggest a new quantum algorithm. 1.
Matrix Model as a Mirror of ChernSimons Theory,” arXiv:hepth/0211098
"... Using mirror symmetry, we show that ChernSimons theory on certain manifolds such as lens spaces reduces to a novel class of Hermitian matrix models, where the measure is that of unitary matrix models. We show that this agrees with the more conventional canonical quantization of ChernSimons theory. ..."
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Cited by 69 (13 self)
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Using mirror symmetry, we show that ChernSimons theory on certain manifolds such as lens spaces reduces to a novel class of Hermitian matrix models, where the measure is that of unitary matrix models. We show that this agrees with the more conventional canonical quantization of ChernSimons theory. Moreover, large N dualities in this context lead to computation of all genus Amodel topological amplitudes on toric CalabiYau manifolds in terms of matrix integrals. In the context of type IIA superstring compactifications on these CalabiYau manifolds with wrapped D6 branes (which are dual to Mtheory on G2 manifolds) this leads to engineering and solving Fterms for N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories with superpotentials involving certain multitrace operators
Black holes, qdeformed 2d YangMills, and nonperturbative topological strings,” Nucl. Phys. B715
, 2005
"... We count the number of bound states of BPS black holes on local CalabiYau threefolds involving a Riemann surface of genus g. We show that the corresponding gauge theory on the brane reduces to a qdeformed YangMills theory on the Riemann surface. Following the recent connection between the black h ..."
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Cited by 63 (8 self)
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We count the number of bound states of BPS black holes on local CalabiYau threefolds involving a Riemann surface of genus g. We show that the corresponding gauge theory on the brane reduces to a qdeformed YangMills theory on the Riemann surface. Following the recent connection between the black hole entropy and the topological string partition function, we find that for a large black hole charge N, up to corrections of O(e−N), ZBH is given as a sum of a square of chiral blocks, each of which corresponds to a specific Dbrane amplitude. The leading chiral block, the vacuum block, corresponds to the closed topological string amplitudes. The subleading chiral blocks involve topological string amplitudes with Dbrane insertions at (2g − 2) points on the Riemann surface analogous to the Ω points in the large N 2d YangMills theory. The finite N amplitude provides a nonperturbative definition of topological strings in these backgrounds. This also leads to a novel nonperturbative formulation of c = 1 noncritical string at the selfdual radius. November