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A New RecursionTheoretic Characterization Of The Polytime Functions
 COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY
, 1992
"... We give a recursiontheoretic characterization of FP which describes polynomial time computation independently of any externally imposed resource bounds. In particular, this syntactic characterization avoids the explicit size bounds on recursion (and the initial function 2 xy ) of Cobham. ..."
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Cited by 179 (7 self)
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We give a recursiontheoretic characterization of FP which describes polynomial time computation independently of any externally imposed resource bounds. In particular, this syntactic characterization avoids the explicit size bounds on recursion (and the initial function 2 xy ) of Cobham.
Functional interpretations of feasibly constructive arithmetic
 Annals of Pure and Applied Logic
, 1993
"... i ..."
Predicative Recursion and Computational Complexity
, 1992
"... The purpose of this thesis is to give a "foundational" characterization of some common complexity classes. Such a characterization is distinguished by the fact that no explicit resource bounds are used. For example, we characterize the polynomial time computable functions without making any direct r ..."
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Cited by 45 (3 self)
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The purpose of this thesis is to give a "foundational" characterization of some common complexity classes. Such a characterization is distinguished by the fact that no explicit resource bounds are used. For example, we characterize the polynomial time computable functions without making any direct reference to polynomials, time, or even computation. Complexity classes characterized in this way include polynomial time, the functional polytime hierarchy, the logspace decidable problems, and NC. After developing these "resource free" definitions, we apply them to redeveloping the feasible logical system of Cook and Urquhart, and show how this firstorder system relates to the secondorder system of Leivant. The connection is an interesting one since the systems were defined independently and have what appear to be very different rules for the principle of induction. Furthermore it is interesting to see, albeit in a very specific context, how to retract a second order statement, ("inducti...
Algorithms: A quest for absolute definitions
 Bulletin of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science
, 2003
"... y Abstract What is an algorithm? The interest in this foundational problem is not only theoretical; applications include specification, validation and verification of software and hardware systems. We describe the quest to understand and define the notion of algorithm. We start with the ChurchTurin ..."
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Cited by 19 (9 self)
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y Abstract What is an algorithm? The interest in this foundational problem is not only theoretical; applications include specification, validation and verification of software and hardware systems. We describe the quest to understand and define the notion of algorithm. We start with the ChurchTuring thesis and contrast Church's and Turing's approaches, and we finish with some recent investigations.
The P versus NP problem
 Clay Mathematical Institute; The Millennium Prize Problem
, 2000
"... The P versus NP problem is to determine whether every language accepted by some nondeterministic algorithm in polynomial time is also accepted by some (deterministic) algorithm in polynomial time. To define the problem precisely it is necessary to give a formal model of a computer. The standard comp ..."
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Cited by 13 (0 self)
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The P versus NP problem is to determine whether every language accepted by some nondeterministic algorithm in polynomial time is also accepted by some (deterministic) algorithm in polynomial time. To define the problem precisely it is necessary to give a formal model of a computer. The standard computer model in computability theory is the Turing machine, introduced by Alan Turing in 1936 [37]. Although the model was introduced before physical computers were built, it nevertheless continues to be accepted as the proper computer model for the purpose of defining the notion of computable function. Informally the class P is the class of decision problems solvable by some algorithm within a number of steps bounded by some fixed polynomial in the length of the input. Turing was not concerned with the efficiency of his machines, rather his concern was whether they can simulate arbitrary algorithms given sufficient time. It turns out, however, Turing machines can generally simulate more efficient computer models (for example, machines equipped with many tapes or an unbounded random access memory) by at most squaring or cubing the computation time. Thus P is a
Notions of computability at higher types I
 In Logic Colloquium 2000
, 2005
"... We discuss the conceptual problem of identifying the natural notions of computability at higher types (over the natural numbers). We argue for an eclectic approach, in which one considers a wide range of possible approaches to defining higher type computability and then looks for regularities. As a ..."
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Cited by 12 (5 self)
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We discuss the conceptual problem of identifying the natural notions of computability at higher types (over the natural numbers). We argue for an eclectic approach, in which one considers a wide range of possible approaches to defining higher type computability and then looks for regularities. As a first step in this programme, we give an extended survey of the di#erent strands of research on higher type computability to date, bringing together material from recursion theory, constructive logic and computer science. The paper thus serves as a reasonably complete overview of the literature on higher type computability. Two sequel papers will be devoted to developing a more systematic account of the material reviewed here.
On Godel's theorems on lengths of proofs II: Lower bounds for recognizing k symbol provability
 in Feasible Mathematics II, P. Clote and
, 1995
"... ..."
Semantics vs. Syntax vs. Computations  Machine Models For Type2 . . .
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTER AND SYSTEM SCIENCE
, 1997
"... This paper investigates analogs of the KreiselLacombeShoenfield Theorem in the context of the type2 basic feasible functionals. We develop a direct, polynomialtime analog of effective operation in which the time boundingon computations is modeled after Kapron and Cook's scheme for their basic po ..."
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Cited by 10 (0 self)
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This paper investigates analogs of the KreiselLacombeShoenfield Theorem in the context of the type2 basic feasible functionals. We develop a direct, polynomialtime analog of effective operation in which the time boundingon computations is modeled after Kapron and Cook's scheme for their basic polynomialtime functionals. We show that if P = NP, these polynomialtime effective operations are strictly more powerful on R (the class of recursive functions) than the basic feasible functions. We also consider a weaker notion of polynomialtime effective operation where the machines computing these functionals have access to the computations of their procedural parameter, but not to its program text. For this version of polynomialtime effective operations, the analog of the KreiselLacombeShoenfield is shown to holdtheir power matches that of the basic feasible functionals on R.
Full Abstraction, Totality and PCF
 Math. Structures Comput. Sci
, 1997
"... ion, Totality and PCF Gordon Plotkin Abstract Inspired by a question of Riecke, we consider the interaction of totality and full abstraction, asking whether full abstraction holds for Scott's model of cpos and continuous functions if one restricts to total programs and total observations. The ..."
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Cited by 8 (1 self)
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ion, Totality and PCF Gordon Plotkin Abstract Inspired by a question of Riecke, we consider the interaction of totality and full abstraction, asking whether full abstraction holds for Scott's model of cpos and continuous functions if one restricts to total programs and total observations. The answer is negative, as there are distinct operational and denotational notions of totality. However, when two terms are each total in both senses then they are totally equivalent operationally iff they are totally equivalent in the Scott model. Analysing further, we consider sequential and parallel versions of PCF and several models: Scott's model of continuous functions, Milner's fully abstract model of PCF and their effective submodels. We investigate how totality differs between these models. Some apparently rather difficult open problems arise, essentially concerning whether the sequential and parallel versions of PCF have the same expressive power, in the sense of total equivale...
A New Characterization of Mehlhorn's Polynomial Time Functionals (Extended Abstract)
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 32ND ANNUAL IEEE SYMPOSIUM FOUNDATIONS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1991
"... A type 1 function is a total mapping from N to N. We will denote the set of all such functions by N N. A type 2 functional is a total mapping from ( N N) k \Theta N l to N, for some k; l. More specifically, we will call a mapping of this sort a functional with rank (k; l). For type 1 fu ..."
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Cited by 6 (1 self)
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A type 1 function is a total mapping from N to N. We will denote the set of all such functions by N N. A type 2 functional is a total mapping from ( N N) k \Theta N l to N, for some k; l. More specifically, we will call a mapping of this sort a functional with rank (k; l). For type 1 functions, there is a well established notion of computational feasibility. Namely a function is feasible if it is computable in polynomial time on a Turing machine. More specifically, a function f is poly time if there is a TM M and a polynomial p such that for all x, M with input x computes f(x) and runs in time p(n), where n = jxj, and for x 2 N, jxj denotes the length of the binary notation of x, that is dlog(x + 1)e. This notion of f...