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37
Branched quantum wave guides with Dirichlet boundary conditions: the decoupling case
 Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General
"... Abstract. We consider a family of open sets Mε which shrinks with respect to an appropriate parameter ε to a graph. Under the additional assumption that the vertex neighbourhoods are small we show that the appropriately shifted Dirichlet spectrum of Mε converges to the spectrum of the (differential) ..."
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Cited by 27 (7 self)
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Abstract. We consider a family of open sets Mε which shrinks with respect to an appropriate parameter ε to a graph. Under the additional assumption that the vertex neighbourhoods are small we show that the appropriately shifted Dirichlet spectrum of Mε converges to the spectrum of the (differential) Laplacian on the graph with Dirichlet boundary conditions at the vertices, i.e., a graph operator without coupling between different edges. The smallness is expressed by a lower bound on the first eigenvalue of a mixed eigenvalue problem on the vertex neighbourhood. The lower bound is given by the first transversal mode of the edge neighbourhood. We also allow curved edges and show that all bounded eigenvalues converge to the spectrum of a Laplacian acting on the edge with an additional potential coming from the curvature. 1.
Scattering solutions in a network of thin fibers: small diameter asymptotics, Preprint (mathph/0609021
, 2006
"... Small diameter asymptotics is obtained for scattering solutions in a network of thin fibers. The asymptotics is expressed in terms of solutions of related problems on the limiting quantum graph Γ. We calculate the Lagrangian gluing conditions at vertices v ∈ Γ for the problems on the limiting graph. ..."
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Cited by 22 (2 self)
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Small diameter asymptotics is obtained for scattering solutions in a network of thin fibers. The asymptotics is expressed in terms of solutions of related problems on the limiting quantum graph Γ. We calculate the Lagrangian gluing conditions at vertices v ∈ Γ for the problems on the limiting graph. If the frequency of the incident wave is above the bottom of the absolutely continuous spectrum, the gluing conditions are formulated in terms of the scattering data for each individual junction of the network.
Spectra of Schrödinger operators on equilateral quantum graphs
, 2006
"... We consider magnetic Schrödinger operators on quantum graphs with identical edges. The spectral problem for the quantum graph is reduced to the discrete magnetic Laplacian on the underlying combinatorial graph and a certain Hill operator. In particular, it is shown that the spectrum on the quantum g ..."
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Cited by 20 (5 self)
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We consider magnetic Schrödinger operators on quantum graphs with identical edges. The spectral problem for the quantum graph is reduced to the discrete magnetic Laplacian on the underlying combinatorial graph and a certain Hill operator. In particular, it is shown that the spectrum on the quantum graph is the preimage of the combinatorial spectrum under a certain entire function. Using this correspondence we show that that the number of gaps in the spectrum of the Schrödinger operators admits an estimate from below in terms of the Hill operator independently of the graph structure.
Spectra of Graph Neighborhoods and Scattering
"... Let (Gε)ε>0 be a family of ’εthin’ Riemannian manifolds modeled on a finite metric graph G, for example, the εneighborhood of an embedding of G in some Euclidean space with straight edges. We study the asymptotic behavior of the spectrum of the LaplaceBeltrami operator on Gε as ε → 0, for ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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Let (Gε)ε>0 be a family of ’εthin’ Riemannian manifolds modeled on a finite metric graph G, for example, the εneighborhood of an embedding of G in some Euclidean space with straight edges. We study the asymptotic behavior of the spectrum of the LaplaceBeltrami operator on Gε as ε → 0, for
The inverse scattering problem for metric graphs and the traveling salesman problem
, 2006
"... ..."
Coupling in the singular limit of thin quantum waveguides
 J. Math. Phys
"... Abstract. We analyze the problem of approximating a smooth quantum waveguide with a quantum graph. We consider a planar curve with compactly supported curvature and a strip of constant width around the curve. We rescale the curvature and the width in such a way that the strip can be approximated by ..."
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Cited by 12 (3 self)
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Abstract. We analyze the problem of approximating a smooth quantum waveguide with a quantum graph. We consider a planar curve with compactly supported curvature and a strip of constant width around the curve. We rescale the curvature and the width in such a way that the strip can be approximated by a singular limit curve, consisting of one vertex and two infinite, straight edges, i.e. a broken line. We discuss the convergence of the Laplacian, with Dirichlet boundary conditions on the strip, in a suitable sense and we obtain two possible limits: the Laplacian on the line with Dirichlet boundary conditions in the origin and a non trivial family of point perturbations of the Laplacian on the line. The first case generically occurs and corresponds to the decoupling of the two components of the limit curve, while in the second case a coupling takes place. We present also two families of curves which give rise to coupling. 1.
On occurrence of spectral edges for periodic operators inside the Brillouin zone”, arXiv: mathph/0702035
, 2007
"... Abstract. The article discusses the following frequently arising question on the spectral structure of periodic operators of mathematical physics (e.g., Schrödinger, Maxwell, waveguide operators, etc.). Is it true that one can obtain the correct spectrum by using the values of the quasimomentum runn ..."
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Cited by 9 (1 self)
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Abstract. The article discusses the following frequently arising question on the spectral structure of periodic operators of mathematical physics (e.g., Schrödinger, Maxwell, waveguide operators, etc.). Is it true that one can obtain the correct spectrum by using the values of the quasimomentum running over the boundary of the (reduced) Brillouin zone only, rather than the whole zone? Or, do the edges of the spectrum occur necessarily at the set of “corner ” high symmetry points? This is known to be true in 1D, while no apparent reasons exist for this to be happening in higher dimensions. In many practical cases, though, this appears to be correct, which sometimes leads to the claims that this is always true. There seems to be no definite answer in the literature, and one encounters different opinions about this problem in the community. In this paper, starting with simple discrete graph operators, we construct a variety of convincing multiplyperiodic examples showing that the spectral edges might occur deeply inside the Brillouin zone. On the other hand, it is also shown that in a “generic” case, the situation of spectral edges appearing at high symmetry points is stable under small perturbations. This explains to some degree why in many (maybe even most) practical cases the statement still holds. AMS classification scheme numbers: 35P99, 47F05, 58J50, 81Q10Spectral edges of periodic operators 2 1.
Nontrivial edge coupling from a Dirichlet network squeezing: the case of a bent waveguide
 J. PHYS. A: MATH. THEOR. A
, 2007
"... In distinction to the Neumann case the squeezing limit of a Dirichlet network leads in the threshold region generically to a quantum graph with disconnected edges, exceptions may come from threshold resonances. Our main point in this paper is to show that modifying locally the geometry we can achiev ..."
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Cited by 8 (4 self)
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In distinction to the Neumann case the squeezing limit of a Dirichlet network leads in the threshold region generically to a quantum graph with disconnected edges, exceptions may come from threshold resonances. Our main point in this paper is to show that modifying locally the geometry we can achieve in the limit a nontrivial coupling between the edges including, in particular, the class of δtype boundary conditions. We work out an illustration of this claim in the simplest case when a bent waveguide is squeezed.
Spectral convergence of noncompact quasionedimensional spaces
 Ann. H. Poincaré
"... Abstract. We consider a family of noncompact manifolds Xε (“graphlike manifolds”) approaching a metric graph X0 and establish convergence results of the related natural operators, namely the (Neumann) Laplacian ∆ Xε and the generalised Neumann (Kirchhoff) Laplacian ∆ X0 on the metric graph. In par ..."
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Cited by 8 (0 self)
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Abstract. We consider a family of noncompact manifolds Xε (“graphlike manifolds”) approaching a metric graph X0 and establish convergence results of the related natural operators, namely the (Neumann) Laplacian ∆ Xε and the generalised Neumann (Kirchhoff) Laplacian ∆ X0 on the metric graph. In particular, we show the norm convergence of the resolvents, spectral projections and eigenfunctions. As a consequence, the essential and the discrete spectrum converge as well. Neither the manifolds nor the metric graph need to be compact, we only need some natural uniformity assumptions. We provide examples of manifolds having spectral gaps in the essential spectrum, discrete eigenvalues in the gaps or even manifolds approaching a fractal spectrum. The convergence results will be given in a completely abstract setting dealing with operators acting in different spaces, applicable also in other geometric situations. 1.
Approximations of singular vertex couplings in quantum graphs, mathph/0703051 15 M. Freidlin, A. Wentzell: Diffusion processes on graphs and the averaging principle
, 1993
"... We discuss approximations of the vertex coupling on a starshaped quantum graph of n edges in the singular case when the wave functions are not continuous at the vertex and no edgepermutation symmetry is present. It is shown that the CheonShigehara technique using δ interactions with nonlinearly s ..."
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Cited by 7 (5 self)
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We discuss approximations of the vertex coupling on a starshaped quantum graph of n edges in the singular case when the wave functions are not continuous at the vertex and no edgepermutation symmetry is present. It is shown that the CheonShigehara technique using δ interactions with nonlinearly scaled couplings yields a 2nparameter family of boundary conditions in the sense of norm resolvent topology. Moreover, using graphs with additional edges one can approximate the `n+1 ´parameter family of all 2 timereversal invariant couplings.