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129
Voronoi diagrams  a survey of a fundamental geometric data structure
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1991
"... This paper presents a survey of the Voronoi diagram, one of the most fundamental data structures in computational geometry. It demonstrates the importance and usefulness of the Voronoi diagram in a wide variety of fields inside and outside computer science and surveys the history of its development. ..."
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Cited by 756 (5 self)
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This paper presents a survey of the Voronoi diagram, one of the most fundamental data structures in computational geometry. It demonstrates the importance and usefulness of the Voronoi diagram in a wide variety of fields inside and outside computer science and surveys the history of its development. The paper puts particular emphasis on the unified exposition of its mathematical and algorithmic properties. Finally, the paper provides the first comprehensive bibliography on Voronoi diagrams and related structures.
Mesh Generation And Optimal Triangulation
, 1992
"... We survey the computational geometry relevant to finite element mesh generation. We especially focus on optimal triangulations of geometric domains in two and threedimensions. An optimal triangulation is a partition of the domain into triangles or tetrahedra, that is best according to some cri ..."
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Cited by 216 (7 self)
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We survey the computational geometry relevant to finite element mesh generation. We especially focus on optimal triangulations of geometric domains in two and threedimensions. An optimal triangulation is a partition of the domain into triangles or tetrahedra, that is best according to some criterion that measures the size, shape, or number of triangles. We discuss algorithms both for the optimization of triangulations on a fixed set of vertices and for the placement of new vertices (Steiner points). We briefly survey the heuristic algorithms used in some practical mesh generators.
Geometric Spanner for Routing in Mobile Networks
, 2001
"... Abstract—We propose a new routing graph, the restricted Delaunay graph (RDG), for mobile ad hoc networks. Combined with a node clustering algorithm, the RDG can be used as an underlying graph for geographic routing protocols. This graph has the following attractive properties: 1) it is planar; 2) be ..."
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Cited by 190 (19 self)
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Abstract—We propose a new routing graph, the restricted Delaunay graph (RDG), for mobile ad hoc networks. Combined with a node clustering algorithm, the RDG can be used as an underlying graph for geographic routing protocols. This graph has the following attractive properties: 1) it is planar; 2) between any two graph nodes there exists a path whose length, whether measured in terms of topological or Euclidean distance, is only a constant times the minimum length possible; and 3) the graph can be maintained efficiently in a distributed manner when the nodes move around. Furthermore, each node only needs constant time to make routing decisions. We show by simulation that the RDG outperforms previously proposed routing graphs in the context of the Greedy perimeter stateless routing (GPSR) protocol. Finally, we investigate theoretical bounds on the quality of paths discovered using GPSR. Index Terms—Geographical routing, spanners, wireless ad hoc networks. I.
Coverage in Wireless Adhoc Sensor Networks
, 2002
"... Sensor networks pose a number of challenging conceptual and optimization problems such as location, deployment, and tracking [1]. One of the fundamental problems in sensor networks is the calculation of the coverage. In [1], it is assumed that the sensor has the uniform sensing ability. In this pape ..."
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Cited by 166 (11 self)
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Sensor networks pose a number of challenging conceptual and optimization problems such as location, deployment, and tracking [1]. One of the fundamental problems in sensor networks is the calculation of the coverage. In [1], it is assumed that the sensor has the uniform sensing ability. In this paper, we give efficient distributed algorithms to optimally solve the bestcoverage problem raised in [1]. Here, we consider the sensing model: the sensing ability diminishes as the distance increases. As energy conservation is a major concern in wireless (or sensor) networks, we also consider how to find an optimum bestcoverage path with the least energy consumption. We also consider how to find an optimum bestcoveragepath that travels a small distance. In addition, we justify the correctness of the method proposed in [1] that uses the Delaunay triangulation to solve the best coverage problem. Moreover, we show that the search space of the best coverage problem can be confined to the relative neighborhood graph, which can be constructed locally.
Spanning Trees and Spanners
, 1996
"... We survey results in geometric network design theory, including algorithms for constructing minimum spanning trees and lowdilation graphs. ..."
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Cited by 154 (2 self)
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We survey results in geometric network design theory, including algorithms for constructing minimum spanning trees and lowdilation graphs.
Online Routing in Triangulations
 IN PROC. OF THE 10 TH ANNUAL INT. SYMP. ON ALGORITHMS AND COMPUTATION ISAAC
, 1999
"... We consider online routing strategies for routing between the vertices of embedded planar straight line graphs. Our results include (1) two deterministic memoryless routing strategies, one that works for all Delaunay triangulations and the other that works for all regular triangulations, (2) a ..."
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Cited by 143 (15 self)
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We consider online routing strategies for routing between the vertices of embedded planar straight line graphs. Our results include (1) two deterministic memoryless routing strategies, one that works for all Delaunay triangulations and the other that works for all regular triangulations, (2) a randomized memoryless strategy that works for all triangulations, (3) an O(1) memory strategy that works for all convex subdivisions, (4) an O(1) memory strategy that approximates the shortest path in Delaunay triangulations, and (5) theoretical and experimental results on the competitiveness of these strategies.
Distributed Construction of a Planar Spanner and Routing for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks
, 2002
"... Several localized routing protocols [1] guarantee the delivery of the packets when the underlying network topology is the Delaunay triangulation of all wireless nodes. However, it is expensive to construct the Delaunay triangulation in a distributed manner. Given a set of wireless nodes, we more acc ..."
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Cited by 140 (26 self)
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Several localized routing protocols [1] guarantee the delivery of the packets when the underlying network topology is the Delaunay triangulation of all wireless nodes. However, it is expensive to construct the Delaunay triangulation in a distributed manner. Given a set of wireless nodes, we more accurately model the network as a unitdisk graph UDG , in which a link in between two nodes exist only if the distance in between them is at most the maximum transmission range.
New Sparseness Results on Graph Spanners
, 1992
"... Let G = (V, E) be an nvertex connected graph with positive edge weights. A subgraph G ’ = (V, E’) is a tspanner of G if for all u, v E V, the weighted distance between u and v in G ’ is at most t times the weighted distance between u and v in G. We consider the problem of constructing sparse span ..."
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Cited by 98 (8 self)
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Let G = (V, E) be an nvertex connected graph with positive edge weights. A subgraph G ’ = (V, E’) is a tspanner of G if for all u, v E V, the weighted distance between u and v in G ’ is at most t times the weighted distance between u and v in G. We consider the problem of constructing sparse spanners. Sparseness of spanners is measured by two criteria, the size, defined as the number of edges in the spanner, and the weight, defined as the sum of the edge weights in the spanner. In this paper, we concentrate on constructing spanners of small weight. For an arbitrary positive edgeweighted graph G, for any t> 1, and any c>0, we show that a tspanner of G with weight O(n * ). wt(MST) can be constructed in polynomial time. We also show that (logz n)spanners of weight O(1). wt(MST) can be constructed. We then consider spanners for complete graphs induced by a set of points in ddimensional real normed space. The weight of an edge Zy is the norm of the ~y vector. We show that for these graphs, tspanners with total weight O(log n). wt(MST) can be constructed in polynomial time.
Localized Delaunay Triangulation with Application in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS
, 2003
"... Several localized routing protocols guarantee the delivery of the packets when the underlying network topology is a planar graph. Typically, relative neighborhood graph (RNG) or Gabriel graph (GG) is used as such planar structure. However, it is wellknown that the spanning ratios of these two grap ..."
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Cited by 94 (21 self)
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Several localized routing protocols guarantee the delivery of the packets when the underlying network topology is a planar graph. Typically, relative neighborhood graph (RNG) or Gabriel graph (GG) is used as such planar structure. However, it is wellknown that the spanning ratios of these two graphs are not bounded by any constant (even for uniform randomly distributed points). Bose et al. [11] recently developed a localized routing protocol that guarantees that the distance traveled by the packets is within a constant factor of the minimum if Delaunay triangulation of all wireless nodes is used, in addition, to guarantee the delivery of the packets. However, it is expensive to construct the Delaunay triangulation in a distributed manner. Given a set of wireless nodes, we model the network as a unitdisk graph (UDG), in which a link uv exists only if the distance kuvk is at most the maximum transmission range. In this paper, we present a novel localized networking protocol that constructs a planar 2.5spanner of UDG, called the localized Delaunay triangulation (LDEL), as network topology. It contains all edges that are both in the unitdisk graph and the Delaunay triangulation of all nodes. The total communication cost of our networking protocol is Oðn log nÞ bits, which is within a constant factor of the optimum to construct any structure in a distributed manner. Our experiments show that the delivery rates of some of the existing localized routing protocols are increased when localized Delaunay triangulation is used instead of several previously proposed topologies. Our simulations also show that the traveled distance of the packets is significantly less when the FACE routing algorithm is applied on LDEL, rather than applied on GG.
Localized construction of bounded degree and planar spanner for wireless ad hoc networks
 In DIALMPOMC
, 2003
"... We propose a novel localized algorithm that constructs a bounded degree and planar spanner for wireless ad hoc networks modeled by unit disk graph (UDG). Every node only has to know its 2hop neighbors to find the edges in this new structure. Our method applies the Yao structure on the local Delauna ..."
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Cited by 93 (20 self)
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We propose a novel localized algorithm that constructs a bounded degree and planar spanner for wireless ad hoc networks modeled by unit disk graph (UDG). Every node only has to know its 2hop neighbors to find the edges in this new structure. Our method applies the Yao structure on the local Delaunay graph [21] in an ordering that are computed locally. This new structure has the following attractive properties: (1) it is a planar graph; (2) its node degree is bounded from above by a positive constant 19 + ⌈ 2π α ⌉; (3) it is a tspanner (given any two nodes u and v, there is a path connecting them in the structure such that its length is no more than t ≤ max { π α,πsin 2 2 +1}·Cdel times of the shortest path in UDG); (4) it can be constructed locally and is easy to maintain when the nodes move around; (5) moreover, we show that the total communication cost is O(n), where n is the number of wireless nodes, and the computation cost of each node is at most O(d log d), where d is its 2hop neighbors in the original unit disk graph. Here Cdel is the spanning ratio of the Delaunay triangulation, which is at most 4 √ 3 9 π. And the adjustable parameter α satisfies 0 <α<π/3. In addition, experiments are conducted to show this topology is efficient in practice, compared with other wellknown topologies used in wireless ad hoc networks. Previously, only centralized method [5] of constructing bounded degree planar spanner is known, with degree bound 27 and spanning ratio t ≃ 10.02. The distributed implementation of their centralized method takes O(n 2) communications in the worst case. No localized methods were known previously for constructing bounded degree planar spanner.