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94,114
UNITARY PRINCIPLE AND REAL SOLUTION OF DIRAC EQUATION
, 908
"... Abstract. The exact solution of the Dirac equation with the exact boundary condition is further investigated in the present paper. We introduce the unitary principle that can be used to disclose all logic paradoxes hidden in natural science and mathematics. By the unitary principle, we show that the ..."
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Abstract. The exact solution of the Dirac equation with the exact boundary condition is further investigated in the present paper. We introduce the unitary principle that can be used to disclose all logic paradoxes hidden in natural science and mathematics. By the unitary principle, we show
A Theory of Focus Interpretation
"... More or less final version. To appear in Natural Language Semantics. According to the alternative semantics for focus, the semantic reflex of intonational focus is a second semantic value, which in the case of a sentence is a set of propositions. We examine a range of semantic and pragmatic applicat ..."
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Cited by 462 (6 self)
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applications of the theory, and extract a unitary principle specifying how the focus semantic value interacts with semantic and pragmatic processes. A strong version of the theory has the effect of making lexical or constructionspecific stipulation of a focusrelated effect in association with focus
Factoring wavelet transforms into lifting steps
 J. Fourier Anal. Appl
, 1998
"... ABSTRACT. This paper is essentially tutorial in nature. We show how any discrete wavelet transform or two band subband filtering with finite filters can be decomposed into a finite sequence of simple filtering steps, which we call lifting steps but that are also known as ladder structures. This dec ..."
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Cited by 573 (8 self)
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present here a selfcontained derivation, building the decomposition from basic principles such as the Euclidean algorithm, with a focus on applying it to wavelet filtering. This factorization provides an alternative for the lattice factorization, with the advantage that it can also be used
Beyond pleasure and pain
 American Psychologist
, 1997
"... People approach pleasure and avoid pain. To discover the true nature of approachavoidance motivation, psychologists need to move beyond this hedonic principle to the principles that underlie the different ways that it operates. One such principle is regulatory focus, which distinguishes selfregula ..."
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Cited by 500 (18 self)
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People approach pleasure and avoid pain. To discover the true nature of approachavoidance motivation, psychologists need to move beyond this hedonic principle to the principles that underlie the different ways that it operates. One such principle is regulatory focus, which distinguishes self
Quantum Gravity
, 2004
"... We describe the basic assumptions and key results of loop quantum gravity, which is a background independent approach to quantum gravity. The emphasis is on the basic physical principles and how one deduces predictions from them, at a level suitable for physicists in other areas such as string theor ..."
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Cited by 566 (11 self)
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We describe the basic assumptions and key results of loop quantum gravity, which is a background independent approach to quantum gravity. The emphasis is on the basic physical principles and how one deduces predictions from them, at a level suitable for physicists in other areas such as string
Algorithms for Quantum Computation: Discrete Logarithms and Factoring
, 1994
"... A computer is generally considered to be a universal computational device; i.e., it is believed able to simulate any physical computational device with a increase in computation time of at most a polynomial factor. It is not clear whether this is still true when quantum mechanics is taken into consi ..."
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Cited by 1103 (7 self)
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A computer is generally considered to be a universal computational device; i.e., it is believed able to simulate any physical computational device with a increase in computation time of at most a polynomial factor. It is not clear whether this is still true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. Several researchers, starting with David Deutsch, have developed models for quantum mechanical computers and have investigated their computational properties. This paper gives Las Vegas algorithms for finding discrete logarithms and factoring integers on a quantum computer that take a number of steps which is polynomial in the input size, e.g., the number of digits of the integer to be factored. These two problems are generally considered hard on a classical computer and have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems. (We thus give the first examples of quantum cryptanalysis.) 1 Introduction Since the discovery of quantum mechanics, people have found the behavior of...
Some informational aspects of visual perception
 Psychol. Rev
, 1954
"... The ideas of information theory are at present stimulating many different areas of psychological inquiry. In providing techniques for quantifying situations which have hitherto been difficult or impossible to quantify, they suggest new and more precise ways of conceptualizing these situations (see M ..."
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Cited by 628 (2 self)
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The ideas of information theory are at present stimulating many different areas of psychological inquiry. In providing techniques for quantifying situations which have hitherto been difficult or impossible to quantify, they suggest new and more precise ways of conceptualizing these situations (see Miller [12] for a general discussion and bibliography). Events ordered in time are particularly amenable to informational analysis; thus language sequences are being extensively studied, and other sequences, such as those of music, plainly invite research. In this paper I shall indicate some of the ways in which the concepts and techniques of information theory may clarify our understanding of visual perception. When we begin to consider perception as an informationhandling process, it quickly becomes clear that much of the information received by any higher organism is redundant. Sensory events are highly interdependent in both space and time: if we know at a given moment the states of a limited number of receptors (i.e., whether they are firing or not firing), we can make betterthanchance inferences with respect to the prior and subsequent states of these receptors, and also with respect to the present, prior, and subsequent states of other receptors. The preceding statement, taken in its broadest im
A Fast Quantum Mechanical Algorithm for Database Search
 ANNUAL ACM SYMPOSIUM ON THEORY OF COMPUTING
, 1996
"... Imagine a phone directory containing N names arranged in completely random order. In order to find someone's phone number with a probability of , any classical algorithm (whether deterministic or probabilistic)
will need to look at a minimum of names. Quantum mechanical systems can be in a supe ..."
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Cited by 1126 (10 self)
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Imagine a phone directory containing N names arranged in completely random order. In order to find someone's phone number with a probability of , any classical algorithm (whether deterministic or probabilistic)
will need to look at a minimum of names. Quantum mechanical systems can be in a superposition of states and simultaneously examine multiple names. By properly adjusting the phases of various operations, successful computations reinforce each other while others interfere randomly. As a result, the desired phone number can be obtained in only steps. The algorithm is within a small constant factor of the fastest possible quantum mechanical algorithm.
Simulating Physics with Computers
 SIAM Journal on Computing
, 1982
"... A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time of at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. ..."
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Cited by 601 (1 self)
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A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time of at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. This paper considers factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms, two problems which are generally thought to be hard on a classical computer and have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems. Efficient randomized algorithms are given for these two problems on a hypothetical quantum computer. These algorithms take a number of steps polynomial in the input size, e.g., the number of digits of the integer to be factored. AMS subject classifications: 82P10, 11Y05, 68Q10. 1 Introduction One of the first results in the mathematics of computation, which underlies the subsequent development of much of theoretical computer science, was the distinction between computable and ...
The selfduality equations on a Riemann surface
 Proc. Lond. Math. Soc., III. Ser
, 1987
"... In this paper we shall study a special class of solutions of the selfdual YangMills equations. The original selfduality equations which arose in mathematical physics were defined on Euclidean 4space. The physically relevant solutions were the ones with finite actionâ€”the socalled 'instanton ..."
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Cited by 524 (6 self)
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In this paper we shall study a special class of solutions of the selfdual YangMills equations. The original selfduality equations which arose in mathematical physics were defined on Euclidean 4space. The physically relevant solutions were the ones with finite actionâ€”the socalled 'instantons'. The same equations may be
Results 1  10
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94,114