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Timederivative models of Pavlovian reinforcement
 Learning and Computational Neuroscience: Foundations of Adaptive Networks
, 1990
"... This chapter presents a model of classical conditioning called the temporaldifference (TD) model. The TD model was originally developed as a neuronlike unit for use in adaptive networks (Sutton and Barto 1987; Sutton 1984; Barto, Sutton and Anderson 1983). In this paper, however, we analyze it from ..."
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Cited by 177 (24 self)
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. For an exposition of the TD model from an engineering point of view, see Chapter 13 of this volume. We focus on what we see as the primary theoretical contribution to animal learning theory of the TD and related models: the hypothesis that reinforcement in classical conditioning is the time derivative of a
Matching pursuits with timefrequency dictionaries
 IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
, 1993
"... AbstractWe introduce an algorithm, called matching pursuit, that decomposes any signal into a linear expansion of waveforms that are selected from a redundant dictionary of functions. These waveforms are chosen in order to best match the signal structures. Matching pursuits are general procedures t ..."
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Cited by 1675 (13 self)
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to compute adaptive signal representations. With a dictionary of Gabor functions a matching pursuit defines an adaptive timefrequency transform. We derive a signal energy distribution in the timefrequency plane, which does not include interference terms, unlike Wigner and Cohen class distributions. A
Time, Clocks, and the Ordering of Events in a Distributed System
, 1978
"... The concept of one event happening before another in a distributed system is examined, and is shown to define a partial ordering of the events. A distributed algorithm is given for synchronizing a system of logical clocks which can be used to totally order the events. The use of the total ordering i ..."
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Cited by 2864 (14 self)
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is illustrated with a method for solving synchronization problems. The algorithm is then specialized for synchronizing physical clocks, and a bound is derived on how far out of synchrony the clocks can become.
Analysis of relative gene expression data using realtime quantitative
 PCR and 2 ���CT method. Methods 25
, 2001
"... of the target gene relative to some reference group The two most commonly used methods to analyze data from realtime, quantitative PCR experiments are absolute quantificasuch as an untreated control or a sample at time zero tion and relative quantification. Absolute quantification deter in a time ..."
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Cited by 2651 (6 self)
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of the target gene relative to some reference group The two most commonly used methods to analyze data from realtime, quantitative PCR experiments are absolute quantificasuch as an untreated control or a sample at time zero tion and relative quantification. Absolute quantification deter in a
RealTime Tracking of NonRigid Objects using Mean Shift
 IEEE CVPR 2000
, 2000
"... A new method for realtime tracking of nonrigid objects seen from a moving camera isproposed. The central computational module is based on the mean shift iterations and nds the most probable target position in the current frame. The dissimilarity between the target model (its color distribution) an ..."
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Cited by 818 (19 self)
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) and the target candidates is expressed by a metric derived from the Bhattacharyya coefficient. The theoretical analysis of the approach shows that it relates to the Bayesian framework while providing a practical, fast and efficient solution. The capability of the tracker to handle in realtime partial occlusions
Spacetime codes for high data rate wireless communication: Performance criterion and code construction
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 1998
"... We consider the design of channel codes for improving the data rate and/or the reliability of communications over fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded by a channel code and the encoded data is split into n streams that are simultaneously transmitted using n transmit ant ..."
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Cited by 1779 (28 self)
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antennas. The received signal at each receive antenna is a linear superposition of the n transmitted signals perturbed by noise. We derive performance criteria for designing such codes under the assumption that the fading is slow and frequency nonselective. Performance is shown to be determined by matrices
Panel Cointegration; Asymptotic and Finite Sample Properties of Pooled Time Series Tests, With an Application to the PPP Hypothesis; New Results. Working paper
, 1997
"... We examine properties of residualbased tests for the null of no cointegration for dynamic panels in which both the shortrun dynamics and the longrun slope coefficients are permitted to be heterogeneous across individual members of the panel+ The tests also allow for individual heterogeneous fixed ..."
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Cited by 528 (13 self)
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fixed effects and trend terms, and we consider both pooled within dimension tests and group mean between dimension tests+ We derive limiting distributions for these and show that they are normal and free of nuisance parameters+ We also provide Monte Carlo evidence to demonstrate their small sample size
Expected Time Bounds for Selection
, 1975
"... A new selection algorithm is presented which is shown to be very efficient on the average, both theoretically and practically. The number of comparisons used to select the ith smallest of n numbers is n q min(i,ni) q o(n). A lower bound within 9 percent of the above formula is also derived. ..."
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Cited by 459 (4 self)
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A new selection algorithm is presented which is shown to be very efficient on the average, both theoretically and practically. The number of comparisons used to select the ith smallest of n numbers is n q min(i,ni) q o(n). A lower bound within 9 percent of the above formula is also derived.
A Practical Guide to Wavelet Analysis
, 1998
"... A practical stepbystep guide to wavelet analysis is given, with examples taken from time series of the El Nio Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The guide includes a comparison to the windowed Fourier transform, the choice of an appropriate wavelet basis function, edge effects due to finitelength t ..."
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Cited by 869 (3 self)
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length time series, and the relationship between wavelet scale and Fourier frequency. New statistical significance tests for wavelet power spectra are developed by deriving theoretical wavelet spectra for white and red noise processes and using these to establish significance levels and confidence
Coordination of Groups of Mobile Autonomous Agents Using Nearest Neighbor Rules
, 2002
"... In a recent Physical Review Letters paper, Vicsek et. al. propose a simple but compelling discretetime model of n autonomous agents fi.e., points or particlesg all moving in the plane with the same speed but with dierent headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based on ..."
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Cited by 1284 (62 self)
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coordination and despite the fact that each agent's set of nearest neighbors change with time as the system evolves. This paper provides a theoretical explanation for this observed behavior. In addition, convergence results are derived for several other similarly inspired models.
Results 1  10
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