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3,951,462
The StructureMapping Engine: Algorithm and Examples
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1989
"... This paper describes the StructureMapping Engine (SME), a program for studying analogical processing. SME has been built to explore Gentner's Structuremapping theory of analogy, and provides a "tool kit" for constructing matching algorithms consistent with this theory. Its flexibili ..."
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Cited by 521 (116 self)
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, and demonstrate that most of the steps are polynomial, typically bounded by O (N 2 ). Next we demonstrate some examples of its operation taken from our cognitive simulation studies and work in machine learning. Finally, we compare SME to other analogy programs and discuss several areas for future work. This paper
Foundations for the Study of Software Architecture
 ACM SIGSOFT SOFTWARE ENGINEERING NOTES
, 1992
"... The purpose of this paper is to build the foundation for software architecture. We first develop an intuition for software architecture by appealing to several wellestablished architectural disciplines. On the basis of this intuition, we present a model of software architecture that consists of th ..."
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Cited by 806 (35 self)
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for the architecture in terms of the system constraints, which most often derive from the system:requirements. We discuss the components of the model in the context of both architectures and architectural styles and present an extended example to illustrate some important architecture and style considerations. We
Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations
 PSYCHOLOGICAL METHODS
, 2002
"... Mediation is said to occur when a causal effect of some variable X on an outcome Y is explained by some intervening variable M. The authors recommend that with small to moderate samples, bootstrap methods (B. Efron & R. Tibshirani, 1993) be used to assess mediation. Bootstrap tests are powerful ..."
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Cited by 689 (4 self)
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. These models are useful for theory development and testing as well as for the identification of possible points of intervention in applied work. Mediation is equally of interest to experimental psychologists as it is to those who study naturally occurring processes through nonexperimental studies. For example
ALGEBRAIC GEOMETRY
"... Algebraic geometry is the mathematical study of geometric objects by means of algebra. Its origins go back to the coordinate geometry introduced by Descartes. A classic example is the circle of radius 1 in the plane, which is ..."
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Cited by 513 (6 self)
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Algebraic geometry is the mathematical study of geometric objects by means of algebra. Its origins go back to the coordinate geometry introduced by Descartes. A classic example is the circle of radius 1 in the plane, which is
An extensive empirical study of feature selection metrics for text classification
 J. of Machine Learning Research
, 2003
"... Machine learning for text classification is the cornerstone of document categorization, news filtering, document routing, and personalization. In text domains, effective feature selection is essential to make the learning task efficient and more accurate. This paper presents an empirical comparison ..."
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Cited by 493 (15 self)
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choice for all goals except precision, for which Information Gain yielded the best result most often. This analysis also revealed, for example, that Information Gain and ChiSquared have correlated failures, and so they work poorly together. When choosing optimal pairs of metrics for each of the four
Learning quickly when irrelevant attributes abound: A new linearthreshold algorithm
 Machine Learning
, 1988
"... learning Boolean functions, linearthreshold algorithms Abstract. Valiant (1984) and others have studied the problem of learning various classes of Boolean functions from examples. Here we discuss incremental learning of these functions. We consider a setting in which the learner responds to each ex ..."
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Cited by 773 (5 self)
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learning Boolean functions, linearthreshold algorithms Abstract. Valiant (1984) and others have studied the problem of learning various classes of Boolean functions from examples. Here we discuss incremental learning of these functions. We consider a setting in which the learner responds to each
An axiomatic basis for computer programming
 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
, 1969
"... In this paper an attempt is made to explore the logical foundations of computer programming by use of techniques which were first applied in the study of geometry and have later been extended to other branches of mathematics. This involves the elucidation of sets of axioms and rules of inference w ..."
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Cited by 1753 (4 self)
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In this paper an attempt is made to explore the logical foundations of computer programming by use of techniques which were first applied in the study of geometry and have later been extended to other branches of mathematics. This involves the elucidation of sets of axioms and rules of inference
The SPLASH2 programs: Characterization and methodological considerations
 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE
, 1995
"... The SPLASH2 suite of parallel applications has recently been released to facilitate the study of centralized and distributed sharedaddressspace multiprocessors. In this context, this paper has two goals. One is to quantitatively characterize the SPLASH2 programs in terms of fundamental propertie ..."
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Cited by 1419 (12 self)
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The SPLASH2 suite of parallel applications has recently been released to facilitate the study of centralized and distributed sharedaddressspace multiprocessors. In this context, this paper has two goals. One is to quantitatively characterize the SPLASH2 programs in terms of fundamental
Induction of Decision Trees
 MACH. LEARN
, 1986
"... The technology for building knowledgebased systems by inductive inference from examples has been demonstrated successfully in several practical applications. This paper summarizes an approach to synthesizing decision trees that has been used in a variety of systems, and it describes one such syste ..."
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Cited by 4381 (4 self)
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The technology for building knowledgebased systems by inductive inference from examples has been demonstrated successfully in several practical applications. This paper summarizes an approach to synthesizing decision trees that has been used in a variety of systems, and it describes one
An integrated theory of the mind
 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
, 2004
"... There has been a proliferation of proposed mental modules in an attempt to account for different cognitive functions but so far there has been no successful account of their integration. ACTR (Anderson & Lebiere, 1998) has evolved into a theory that consists of multiple modules but also explain ..."
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Cited by 778 (73 self)
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explains how they are integrated to produce coherent cognition. The perceptualmotor modules, the goal module, and the declarative memory module are presented as examples of specialized systems in ACTR. These modules are associated with distinct cortical regions. These modules place chunks in buffers
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