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The Lifting Scheme: A Construction Of Second Generation Wavelets
, 1997
"... . We present the lifting scheme, a simple construction of second generation wavelets, wavelets that are not necessarily translates and dilates of one fixed function. Such wavelets can be adapted to intervals, domains, surfaces, weights, and irregular samples. We show how the lifting scheme leads to ..."
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Cited by 541 (16 self)
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. We present the lifting scheme, a simple construction of second generation wavelets, wavelets that are not necessarily translates and dilates of one fixed function. Such wavelets can be adapted to intervals, domains, surfaces, weights, and irregular samples. We show how the lifting scheme leads
Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory, Second Edition
, 1998
"... Abstract. This paper is a survey of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic acoustic and electromagnetic waves at fixed frequency. We begin by a discussion of “weak scattering ” and Newtontype methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves, including a brief discussi ..."
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Cited by 1072 (45 self)
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Abstract. This paper is a survey of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic acoustic and electromagnetic waves at fixed frequency. We begin by a discussion of “weak scattering ” and Newtontype methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves, including a brief discussion of Tikhonov’s method for the numerical solution of illposed problems. We then proceed to prove a uniqueness theorem for the inverse obstacle problems for acoustic waves and the linear sampling method for reconstructing the shape of a scattering obstacle from far field data. Included in our discussion is a description of Kirsch’s factorization method for solving this problem. We then turn our attention to uniqueness and reconstruction algorithms for determining the support of an inhomogeneous, anisotropic media from acoustic far field data. Our survey is concluded by a brief discussion of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic electromagnetic waves. 1.
A Survey of Program Slicing Techniques
 JOURNAL OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
, 1995
"... A program slice consists of the parts of a program that (potentially) affect the values computed at some point of interest, referred to as a slicing criterion. The task of computing program slices is called program slicing. The original definition of a program slice was presented by Weiser in 197 ..."
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Cited by 777 (8 self)
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A program slice consists of the parts of a program that (potentially) affect the values computed at some point of interest, referred to as a slicing criterion. The task of computing program slices is called program slicing. The original definition of a program slice was presented by Weiser in 1979. Since then, various slightly different notions of program slices have been proposed, as well as a number of methods to compute them. An important distinction is that between a static and a dynamic slice. The former notion is computed without making assumptions regarding a program's input, whereas the latter relies on some specific test case. Procedures, arbitrary control flow, composite datatypes and pointers, and interprocess communication each require a specific solution. We classify static and dynamic slicing methods for each of these features, and compare their accuracy and efficiency. Moreover, the possibilities for combining solutions for different features are investigated....
Software pipelining: An effective scheduling technique for VLIW machines
, 1988
"... This paper shows that software pipelining is an effective and viable scheduling technique for VLIW processors. In software pipelining, iterations of a loop in the source program are continuously initiated at constant intervals, before the preceding iterations complete. The advantage of software pipe ..."
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Cited by 579 (3 self)
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This paper shows that software pipelining is an effective and viable scheduling technique for VLIW processors. In software pipelining, iterations of a loop in the source program are continuously initiated at constant intervals, before the preceding iterations complete. The advantage of software
Cumulated Gainbased Evaluation of IR Techniques
 ACM Transactions on Information Systems
, 2002
"... Modem large retrieval environments tend to overwhelm their users by their large output. Since all documents are not of equal relevance to their users, highly relevant documents should be identified and ranked first for presentation to the users. In order to develop IR techniques to this direction, i ..."
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Cited by 656 (3 self)
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along the ranked result list. The second one is similar but applies a discount factor on the relevance scores in order to devaluate lateretrieved documents. The third one computes the relativetothe ideal performance of IR techniques, based on the cumulative gain they are able to yield. The novel
TCP Vegas: New techniques for congestion detection and avoidance
 In SIGCOMM
, 1994
"... Vegas is a new implementation of TCP that achieves between 40 and 70 % better throughput, with onefifth to onehalf the losses, as compared to the implementation of TCP in the Reno distributionof BSD Unix. This paper motivates and describes the three key techniques employed by Vegas, and presents th ..."
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Cited by 592 (3 self)
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Vegas is a new implementation of TCP that achieves between 40 and 70 % better throughput, with onefifth to onehalf the losses, as compared to the implementation of TCP in the Reno distributionof BSD Unix. This paper motivates and describes the three key techniques employed by Vegas, and presents
Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey
 IEEE Wireless Communications
, 2004
"... Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) consist of small nodes with sensing, computation, and wireless communications capabilities. Many routing, power management, and data dissemination protocols have been specifically designed for WSNs where energy awareness is an essential design issue. The focus, howeve ..."
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Cited by 704 (2 self)
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, however, has been given to the routing protocols which might differ depending on the application and network architecture. In this paper, we present a survey of the stateoftheart routing techniques in WSNs. We first outline the design challenges for routing protocols in WSNs followed by a comprehensive
A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications
 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
, 1998
"... Abstract — This paper presents a simple twobranch transmit diversity scheme. Using two transmit antennas and one receive antenna the scheme provides the same diversity order as maximalratio receiver combining (MRRC) with one transmit antenna, and two receive antennas. It is also shown that the sch ..."
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Cited by 2084 (0 self)
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Abstract — This paper presents a simple twobranch transmit diversity scheme. Using two transmit antennas and one receive antenna the scheme provides the same diversity order as maximalratio receiver combining (MRRC) with one transmit antenna, and two receive antennas. It is also shown that the scheme may easily be generalized to two transmit antennas and M receive antennas to provide a diversity order of 2M. The new scheme does not require any bandwidth expansion any feedback from the receiver to the transmitter and its computation complexity is similar to MRRC. Index Terms—Antenna array processing, baseband processing, diversity, estimation and detection, fade mitigation, maximalratio combining, Rayleigh fading, smart antennas, space block coding, space–time coding, transmit diversity, wireless communications. I.
Laplacian Eigenmaps and Spectral Techniques for Embedding and Clustering
 Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 14
, 2001
"... Drawing on the correspondence between the graph Laplacian, the LaplaceBeltrami operator on a manifold, and the connections to the heat equation, we propose a geometrically motivated algorithm for constructing a representation for data sampled from a low dimensional manifold embedded in a higher ..."
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Cited by 664 (8 self)
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Drawing on the correspondence between the graph Laplacian, the LaplaceBeltrami operator on a manifold, and the connections to the heat equation, we propose a geometrically motivated algorithm for constructing a representation for data sampled from a low dimensional manifold embedded in a higher dimensional space. The algorithm provides a computationally efficient approach to nonlinear dimensionality reduction that has locality preserving properties and a natural connection to clustering. Several applications are considered.
Efficient belief propagation for early vision
 In CVPR
, 2004
"... Markov random field models provide a robust and unified framework for early vision problems such as stereo, optical flow and image restoration. Inference algorithms based on graph cuts and belief propagation yield accurate results, but despite recent advances are often still too slow for practical u ..."
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Cited by 513 (10 self)
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is important for problems such as optical flow or image restoration that have a large label set. A second technique makes it possible to obtain good results with a small fixed number of message passing iterations, independent of the size of the input images. Taken together these techniques speed up
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