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Fresh Logic
 Journal of Applied Logic
, 2007
"... Abstract. The practice of firstorder logic is replete with metalevel concepts. Most notably there are metavariables ranging over formulae, variables, and terms, and properties of syntax such as alphaequivalence, captureavoiding substitution and assumptions about freshness of variables with resp ..."
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Cited by 219 (28 self)
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with respect to metavariables. We present oneandahalfthorder logic, in which these concepts are made explicit. We exhibit both sequent and algebraic specifications of oneandahalfthorder logic derivability, show them equivalent, show that the derivations satisfy cutelimination, and prove correctness
Oneandahalforder logic
, 2006
"... The practice of firstorder logic is replete with metalevel concepts. Most notably there are the metavariables themselves (ranging over predicates, variables, and terms), assumptions about freshness of variables with respect to these metavariables, alphaequivalence and captureavoiding substitut ..."
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avoiding substitution. We present oneandahalfthorder logic, in which these concepts are made explicit. We exhibit both algebraic and sequent specifications of oneandahalfthorder logic derivability, show them equivalent, show that the derivations satisfy cutelimination, and prove correctness of an interpretation
Markov Logic Networks
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 2006
"... We propose a simple approach to combining firstorder logic and probabilistic graphical models in a single representation. A Markov logic network (MLN) is a firstorder knowledge base with a weight attached to each formula (or clause). Together with a set of constants representing objects in the ..."
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Cited by 816 (39 self)
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We propose a simple approach to combining firstorder logic and probabilistic graphical models in a single representation. A Markov logic network (MLN) is a firstorder knowledge base with a weight attached to each formula (or clause). Together with a set of constants representing objects
Learning Stochastic Logic Programs
, 2000
"... Stochastic Logic Programs (SLPs) have been shown to be a generalisation of Hidden Markov Models (HMMs), stochastic contextfree grammars, and directed Bayes' nets. A stochastic logic program consists of a set of labelled clauses p:C where p is in the interval [0,1] and C is a firstorder r ..."
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Cited by 1194 (81 self)
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Stochastic Logic Programs (SLPs) have been shown to be a generalisation of Hidden Markov Models (HMMs), stochastic contextfree grammars, and directed Bayes' nets. A stochastic logic program consists of a set of labelled clauses p:C where p is in the interval [0,1] and C is a firstorder
AgentSpeak(L): BDI Agents speak out in a logical computable language
, 1996
"... BeliefDesireIntention (BDI) agents have been investigated by many researchers from both a theoretical specification perspective and a practical design perspective. However, there still remains a large gap between theory and practice. The main reason for this has been the complexity of theoremprov ..."
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Cited by 514 (2 self)
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theoretic semantics of a language AgentSpeak(L). This language can be viewed as an abstraction of one of the implemented BDI systems (i.e., PRS) and allows agent programs to be written and interpreted in a manner similar to that of hornclause logic programs. We show how to perform derivations in this logic using a
Time, Clocks, and the Ordering of Events in a Distributed System
, 1978
"... The concept of one event happening before another in a distributed system is examined, and is shown to define a partial ordering of the events. A distributed algorithm is given for synchronizing a system of logical clocks which can be used to totally order the events. The use of the total ordering i ..."
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Cited by 2869 (14 self)
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The concept of one event happening before another in a distributed system is examined, and is shown to define a partial ordering of the events. A distributed algorithm is given for synchronizing a system of logical clocks which can be used to totally order the events. The use of the total ordering
A Theory of Diagnosis from First Principles
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1987
"... Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally, will explain ..."
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Cited by 1120 (5 self)
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, will explain the discrepancy between the observed and correct system behaviour. We propose a general theory for this problem. The theory requires only that the system be described in a suitable logic. Moreover, there are many such suitable logics, e.g. firstorder, temporal, dynamic, etc. As a result
A Highly Adaptive Distributed Routing Algorithm for Mobile Wireless Networks
, 1997
"... We present a new distributed routing protocol for mobile, multihop, wireless networks. The protocol is one of a family of protocols which we term "link reversal" algorithms. The protocol's reaction is structured as a temporallyordered sequence of diffusing computations; each computat ..."
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Cited by 1100 (6 self)
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We present a new distributed routing protocol for mobile, multihop, wireless networks. The protocol is one of a family of protocols which we term "link reversal" algorithms. The protocol's reaction is structured as a temporallyordered sequence of diffusing computations; each
A theory of social comparison processes,”
 Human Relations,
, 1954
"... In this paper we shall present a further development of a previously published theory concerning opinion influence processes in social groups (7). This further development has enabled us to extend the theory to deal with other areas, in addition to opinion formation, in which social comparison is i ..."
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Cited by 1318 (0 self)
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whether or not the theory or hypothesis fits one's intuition or one's common sense. In this meaning much of the theory which is to be presented here is not" plausible ". The theory does, however, explain a considerable amount of data and leads to testable derivations. Three experiments
The EntityRelationship Model: Toward a Unified View of Data
 ACM Transactions on Database Systems
, 1976
"... A data model, called the entityrelationship model, is proposed. This model incorporates some of the important semantic information about the real world. A special diagrammatic technique is introduced as a tool for database design. An example of database design and description using the model and th ..."
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Cited by 1829 (6 self)
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ambiguities in these models are analyzed. Possible ways to derive their views of data from the entityrelationship model are presented. Key Words and Phrases: database design, logical view of data, semantics of data, data models, entityrelationship model, relational model, Data Base Task Group, network model
Results 1  10
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30,518