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Actions as spacetime shapes
 IN ICCV
, 2005
"... Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes and genera ..."
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Cited by 651 (4 self)
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Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes
The irreducibility of the space of curves of given genus
 Publ. Math. IHES
, 1969
"... Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k ~ ..."
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Cited by 507 (2 self)
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is to construct families of curves X, some singular, with pa(X)=g, over nonsingular parameter spaces, which in some sense contain enough singular curves to link together any two components that Mg might have. The essential thing that makes this method work now is a recent " stable reduction theorem "
Inducing Features of Random Fields
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1997
"... We present a technique for constructing random fields from a set of training samples. The learning paradigm builds increasingly complex fields by allowing potential functions, or features, that are supported by increasingly large subgraphs. Each feature has a weight that is trained by minimizing the ..."
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Cited by 669 (10 self)
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introduced in this paper differ from those common to much of the computer vision literature in that the underlying random fields are nonMarkovian and have a large number of parameters that must be estimated. Relations to other learning approaches, including decision trees, are given. As a demonstration
Mean shift: A robust approach toward feature space analysis
 In PAMI
, 2002
"... A general nonparametric technique is proposed for the analysis of a complex multimodal feature space and to delineate arbitrarily shaped clusters in it. The basic computational module of the technique is an old pattern recognition procedure, the mean shift. We prove for discrete data the convergence ..."
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Cited by 2401 (37 self)
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A general nonparametric technique is proposed for the analysis of a complex multimodal feature space and to delineate arbitrarily shaped clusters in it. The basic computational module of the technique is an old pattern recognition procedure, the mean shift. We prove for discrete data
Probabilistic Roadmaps for Path Planning in HighDimensional Configuration Spaces
 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION
, 1996
"... A new motion planning method for robots in static workspaces is presented. This method proceeds in two phases: a learning phase and a query phase. In the learning phase, a probabilistic roadmap is constructed and stored as a graph whose nodes correspond to collisionfree configurations and whose edg ..."
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Cited by 1277 (120 self)
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nodes. The method is general and easy to implement. It can be applied to virtually any type of holonomic robot. It requires selecting certain parameters (e.g., the duration of the learning phase) whose values depend on the scene, that is the robot and its workspace. But these values turn out
Learning the Kernel Matrix with SemiDefinite Programming
, 2002
"... Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information ..."
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Cited by 775 (21 self)
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is contained in the socalled kernel matrix, a symmetric and positive definite matrix that encodes the relative positions of all points. Specifying this matrix amounts to specifying the geometry of the embedding space and inducing a notion of similarity in the input spaceclassical model selection
Active Appearance Models.
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence,
, 2001
"... AbstractÐWe describe a new method of matching statistical models of appearance to images. A set of model parameters control modes of shape and graylevel variation learned from a training set. We construct an efficient iterative matching algorithm by learning the relationship between perturbations ..."
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Cited by 2153 (59 self)
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in the model parameters and the induced image errors.
The Theory of Hybrid Automata
, 1996
"... A hybrid automaton is a formal model for a mixed discretecontinuous system. We classify hybrid automata acoording to what questions about their behavior can be answered algorithmically. The classification reveals structure on mixed discretecontinuous state spaces that was previously studied on pur ..."
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Cited by 685 (12 self)
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on purely discrete state spaces only. In particular, various classes of hybrid automata induce finitary trace equivalence (or similarity, or bisimilarity) relations on an uncountable state space, thus permitting the application of various modelchecking techniques that were originally developed for finite
Learnability and the VapnikChervonenkis dimension
, 1989
"... Valiant’s learnability model is extended to learning classes of concepts defined by regions in Euclidean space E”. The methods in this paper lead to a unified treatment of some of Valiant’s results, along with previous results on distributionfree convergence of certain pattern recognition algorith ..."
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Cited by 722 (22 self)
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Valiant’s learnability model is extended to learning classes of concepts defined by regions in Euclidean space E”. The methods in this paper lead to a unified treatment of some of Valiant’s results, along with previous results on distributionfree convergence of certain pattern recognition
Automatic Word Sense Discrimination
 Journal of Computational Linguistics
, 1998
"... This paper presents contextgroup discrimination, a disambiguation algorithm based on clustering. Senses are interpreted as groups (or clusters) of similar contexts of the ambiguous word. Words, contexts, and senses are represented in Word Space, a highdimensional, realvalued space in which closen ..."
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Cited by 536 (1 self)
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This paper presents contextgroup discrimination, a disambiguation algorithm based on clustering. Senses are interpreted as groups (or clusters) of similar contexts of the ambiguous word. Words, contexts, and senses are represented in Word Space, a highdimensional, realvalued space in which
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