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3D Euler deconvolution: Theoretical basis for automatically selecting good solutions
 Geophysics
, 2003
"... good solutions ..."
The Ant System: Optimization by a colony of cooperating agents
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICSPART B
, 1996
"... An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call Ant System. We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this model are positive feedback, distributed computation ..."
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Cited by 1254 (45 self)
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computation, and the use of a constructive greedy heuristic. Positive feedback accounts for rapid discovery of good solutions, distributed computation avoids premature convergence, and the greedy heuristic helps find acceptable solutions in the early stages of the search process. We apply the proposed
Ant Colony System: A cooperative learning approach to the traveling salesman problem
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION
, 1997
"... This paper introduces the ant colony system (ACS), a distributed algorithm that is applied to the traveling salesman problem (TSP). In the ACS, a set of cooperating agents called ants cooperate to find good solutions to TSP’s. Ants cooperate using an indirect form of communication mediated by a pher ..."
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Cited by 1003 (52 self)
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This paper introduces the ant colony system (ACS), a distributed algorithm that is applied to the traveling salesman problem (TSP). In the ACS, a set of cooperating agents called ants cooperate to find good solutions to TSP’s. Ants cooperate using an indirect form of communication mediated by a
Logic and data exchange: Which solutions are “good” solutions
 In Logic and the Foundations of Game and Decision Theory (LOFT
"... This paper gives an introduction into the area of data exchange, with a special emphasis on the question of which solutions can be considered “good ” solutions. We will concentrate on notions of “good” solutions for query answering, in particular, universal solutions, the core of the universal solut ..."
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Cited by 5 (2 self)
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This paper gives an introduction into the area of data exchange, with a special emphasis on the question of which solutions can be considered “good ” solutions. We will concentrate on notions of “good” solutions for query answering, in particular, universal solutions, the core of the universal
Clustering by passing messages between data points
 Science
, 2007
"... Clustering data by identifying a subset of representative examples is important for processing sensory signals and detecting patterns in data. Such “exemplars ” can be found by randomly choosing an initial subset of data points and then iteratively refining it, but this works well only if that initi ..."
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Cited by 689 (8 self)
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if that initial choice is close to a good solution. We devised a method called “affinity propagation,” which takes as input measures of similarity between pairs of data points. Realvalued messages are exchanged between data points until a highquality set of exemplars and corresponding clusters gradually emerges
Genetic Programming
, 1997
"... Introduction Genetic programming is a domainindependent problemsolving approach in which computer programs are evolved to solve, or approximately solve, problems. Genetic programming is based on the Darwinian principle of reproduction and survival of the fittest and analogs of naturally occurring ..."
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Cited by 1046 (12 self)
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is now called the genetic algorithm (GA). The genetic algorithm attempts to find a good (or best) solution to the problem by genetically breeding a population of individuals over a series of generations. In the genetic algorithm, each individual in the population represents a candidate solut
A training algorithm for optimal margin classifiers
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5TH ANNUAL ACM WORKSHOP ON COMPUTATIONAL LEARNING THEORY
, 1992
"... A training algorithm that maximizes the margin between the training patterns and the decision boundary is presented. The technique is applicable to a wide variety of classifiaction functions, including Perceptrons, polynomials, and Radial Basis Functions. The effective number of parameters is adjust ..."
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Cited by 1838 (43 self)
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is adjusted automatically to match the complexity of the problem. The solution is expressed as a linear combination of supporting patterns. These are the subset of training patterns that are closest to the decision boundary. Bounds on the generalization performance based on the leaveoneout method and the VC
Flexible camera calibration by viewing a plane from unknown orientations
, 1999
"... We propose a flexible new technique to easily calibrate a camera. It only requires the camera to observe a planar pattern shown at a few (at least two) different orientations. Either the camera or the planar pattern can be freely moved. The motion need not be known. Radial lens distortion is modeled ..."
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Cited by 511 (7 self)
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is modeled. The proposed procedure consists of a closedform solution, followed by a nonlinear refinement based on the maximum likelihood criterion. Both computer simulation and real data have been used to test the proposed technique, and very good results have been obtained. Compared with classical
A tutorial on support vector machines for pattern recognition
 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
, 1998
"... The tutorial starts with an overview of the concepts of VC dimension and structural risk minimization. We then describe linear Support Vector Machines (SVMs) for separable and nonseparable data, working through a nontrivial example in detail. We describe a mechanical analogy, and discuss when SV ..."
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Cited by 3313 (12 self)
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SVM solutions are unique and when they are global. We describe how support vector training can be practically implemented, and discuss in detail the kernel mapping technique which is used to construct SVM solutions which are nonlinear in the data. We show how Support Vector machines can have very
National debt in a neoclassical growth model.'
 American Economic Review,
"... This paper contains a model designed to serve two purposes, to examine longrun competitive equilibrium in a growth model and then to explore the effects on this equilibrium of government debt. Samuelson [8] has examined the determination of interest rates in a singlecommodity world without durable ..."
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Cited by 678 (0 self)
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durable goods. In such an economy, interest rates are determined by consumption loans between individuals of different ages. By introducing production employing a durable capital good into this model, one can examine the case where individuals provide for their retirement years by lending to entrepreneurs
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