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Syntactic and Global Semigroup Theory, a Synthesis Approach
 in: Algorithmic Problems in Groups and Semigroups
, 2000
"... This paper is the culmination of a series of work integrating syntactic and global semigroup theoretical approaches for the purpose of calculating semidirect products of pseudovarieties of semigroups. We introduce various abstract and algorithmic properties that a pseudovariety of semigroups mig ..."
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Cited by 13 (8 self)
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This paper is the culmination of a series of work integrating syntactic and global semigroup theoretical approaches for the purpose of calculating semidirect products of pseudovarieties of semigroups. We introduce various abstract and algorithmic properties that a pseudovariety of semigroups
GLOBAL SEMIGROUP OF CONSERVATIVE SOLUTIONS OF THE NONLINEAR VARIATIONAL WAVE EQUATION
"... Abstract. We prove the existence of a global semigroup for conservative solutions of the nonlinear variational wave equation utt − c(u)(c(u)ux)x = 0. We allow for initial data ut=0 and utt=0 that contain measures. We assume that 0 < κ −1 ≤ c(u) ≤ κ. Solutions of this equation may experience con ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Abstract. We prove the existence of a global semigroup for conservative solutions of the nonlinear variational wave equation utt − c(u)(c(u)ux)x = 0. We allow for initial data ut=0 and utt=0 that contain measures. We assume that 0 < κ −1 ≤ c(u) ≤ κ. Solutions of this equation may experience
HOW TO DISTINGUISH A LOCAL SEMIGROUP FROM A GLOBAL SEMIGROUP
"... Abstract. For a given autonomous timedependent system that generates either a global, in time, semigroup or else only a local, in time, semigroup, a test involving a linear eigenvalue problem is given which determines which of ‘global ’ or ‘local ’ holds. Numerical examples are given. A linear tran ..."
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Abstract. For a given autonomous timedependent system that generates either a global, in time, semigroup or else only a local, in time, semigroup, a test involving a linear eigenvalue problem is given which determines which of ‘global ’ or ‘local ’ holds. Numerical examples are given. A linear
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple
Constraint Logic Programming: A Survey
"... Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) is a merger of two declarative paradigms: constraint solving and logic programming. Although a relatively new field, CLP has progressed in several quite different directions. In particular, the early fundamental concepts have been adapted to better serve in differe ..."
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Cited by 864 (25 self)
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Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) is a merger of two declarative paradigms: constraint solving and logic programming. Although a relatively new field, CLP has progressed in several quite different directions. In particular, the early fundamental concepts have been adapted to better serve in different areas of applications. In this survey of CLP, a primary goal is to give a systematic description of the major trends in terms of common fundamental concepts. The three main parts cover the theory, implementation issues, and programming for applications.
Homological Algebra of Mirror Symmetry
 in Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians
, 1994
"... Mirror Symmetry was discovered several years ago in string theory as a duality between families of 3dimensional CalabiYau manifolds (more precisely, complex algebraic manifolds possessing holomorphic volume elements without zeroes). The name comes from the symmetry among Hodge numbers. For dual Ca ..."
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Cited by 529 (3 self)
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Mirror Symmetry was discovered several years ago in string theory as a duality between families of 3dimensional CalabiYau manifolds (more precisely, complex algebraic manifolds possessing holomorphic volume elements without zeroes). The name comes from the symmetry among Hodge numbers. For dual CalabiYau manifolds V, W of dimension n (not necessarily equal to 3) one has dim H p (V, Ω q) = dim H n−p (W, Ω q). Physicists conjectured that conformal field theories associated with mirror varieties are equivalent. Mathematically, MS is considered now as a relation between numbers of rational curves on such a manifold and Taylor coefficients of periods of Hodge structures considered as functions on the moduli space of complex structures on a mirror manifold. Recently it has been realized that one can make predictions for numbers of curves of positive genera and also on CalabiYau manifolds of arbitrary dimensions. We will not describe here the complicated history of the subject and will not mention many beautiful contsructions, examples and conjectures motivated
Using Linear Algebra for Intelligent Information Retrieval
 SIAM REVIEW
, 1995
"... Currently, most approaches to retrieving textual materials from scientific databases depend on a lexical match between words in users' requests and those in or assigned to documents in a database. Because of the tremendous diversity in the words people use to describe the same document, lexical ..."
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Cited by 672 (18 self)
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Currently, most approaches to retrieving textual materials from scientific databases depend on a lexical match between words in users' requests and those in or assigned to documents in a database. Because of the tremendous diversity in the words people use to describe the same document, lexical methods are necessarily incomplete and imprecise. Using the singular value decomposition (SVD), one can take advantage of the implicit higherorder structure in the association of terms with documents by determining the SVD of large sparse term by document matrices. Terms and documents represented by 200300 of the largest singular vectors are then matched against user queries. We call this retrieval method Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) because the subspace represents important associative relationships between terms and documents that are not evident in individual documents. LSI is a completely automatic yet intelligent indexing method, widely applicable, and a promising way to improve users...
Convex Analysis
, 1970
"... In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a lo ..."
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Cited by 5350 (67 self)
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In this book we aim to present, in a unified framework, a broad spectrum of mathematical theory that has grown in connection with the study of problems of optimization, equilibrium, control, and stability of linear and nonlinear systems. The title Variational Analysis reflects this breadth. For a long time, ‘variational ’ problems have been identified mostly with the ‘calculus of variations’. In that venerable subject, built around the minimization of integral functionals, constraints were relatively simple and much of the focus was on infinitedimensional function spaces. A major theme was the exploration of variations around a point, within the bounds imposed by the constraints, in order to help characterize solutions and portray them in terms of ‘variational principles’. Notions of perturbation, approximation and even generalized differentiability were extensively investigated. Variational theory progressed also to the study of socalled stationary points, critical points, and other indications of singularity that a point might have relative to its neighbors, especially in association with existence theorems for differential equations.
The homogeneous coordinate ring of a toric variety
, 1992
"... This paper will introduce the homogeneous coordinate ring S of a toric variety X. The ring S is a polynomial ring with one variable for each onedimensional cone in the fan ∆ determining X, and S has a natural grading determined by the monoid of effective divisor classes in the Chow group An−1(X) of ..."
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Cited by 478 (7 self)
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) of X (where n = dim X). Using this graded ring, we will show that X behaves like projective space in many ways. The paper is organized into four sections as follows. In §1, we define the homogeneous coordinate ring S of X and compute its graded pieces in terms of global sections of certain coherent
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