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Ktheory for operator algebras
 Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications
, 1998
"... p. XII line5: since p. 12: I blew this simple formula: should be α = −〈ξ, η〉/〈η, η〉. p. 2 I.1.1.4: The RieszFischer Theorem is often stated this way today, but neither Riesz nor Fischer (who worked independently) phrased it in terms of completeness of the orthogonal system {e int}. If [a, b] is a ..."
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Cited by 559 (0 self)
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space is not σfinite. p. 13: add after I.2.6.16: I.2.6.17. If X is a compact subset of C not containing 0, and k ∈ N, there is in general no bound on the norm of T −1 as T ranges over all operators with ‖T ‖ ≤ k and σ(T) ⊆ X. For example, let Sn ∈ L(l 2) be the truncated shift: Sn(α1, α2,...) = (0
TnT  A Statistical PartOfSpeech Tagger
, 2000
"... Trigrams'n'Tags (TnT) is an efficient statistical partofspeech tagger. Contrary to claims found elsewhere in the literature, we argue that a tagger based on Markov models performs at least as well as other current approaches, including the Maximum Entropy framework. A recent comparison h ..."
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Cited by 525 (5 self)
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Trigrams'n'Tags (TnT) is an efficient statistical partofspeech tagger. Contrary to claims found elsewhere in the literature, we argue that a tagger based on Markov models performs at least as well as other current approaches, including the Maximum Entropy framework. A recent comparison
The fundamental properties of natural numbers
 Journal of Formalized Mathematics
, 1989
"... Summary. Some fundamental properties of addition, multiplication, order relations, exact division, the remainder, divisibility, the least common multiple, the greatest common divisor are presented. A proof of Euclid algorithm is also given. MML Identifier:NAT_1. WWW:http://mizar.org/JFM/Vol1/nat_1.h ..."
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Cited by 682 (76 self)
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.html The articles [4], [6], [1], [2], [5], and [3] provide the notation and terminology for this paper. A natural number is an element of N. For simplicity, we use the following convention: x is a real number, k, l, m, n are natural numbers, h, i, j are natural numbers, and X is a subset of R
Construction of Escherichia coli K12 inframe, singlegene knockout mutants: the Keio collection. Mol. Syst. Biol 2:2006.0008
, 2006
"... We have systematically made a set of precisely defined, singlegene deletions of all nonessential genes in Escherichia coli K12. Openreading frame coding regions were replaced with a kanamycin cassette flanked by FLP recognition target sites by using a onestep method for inactivation of chromosom ..."
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Cited by 701 (7 self)
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We have systematically made a set of precisely defined, singlegene deletions of all nonessential genes in Escherichia coli K12. Openreading frame coding regions were replaced with a kanamycin cassette flanked by FLP recognition target sites by using a onestep method for inactivation
The irreducibility of the space of curves of given genus
 Publ. Math. IHES
, 1969
"... Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k ~ ..."
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Cited by 512 (2 self)
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Fix an algebraically closed field k. Let Mg be the moduli space of curves of genus g over k. The main result of this note is that Mg is irreducible for every k. Of course, whether or not M s is irreducible depends only on the characteristic of k. When the characteristic s o, we can assume that k
Directional Statistics and Shape Analysis
, 1995
"... There have been various developments in shape analysis in the last decade. We describe here some relationships of shape analysis with directional statistics. For shape, rotations are to be integrated out or to be optimized over whilst they are the basis for directional statistics. However, various c ..."
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Cited by 775 (31 self)
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to shape analysis. Note that the idea of using tangent space for analysis is common to both manifold as well. 1 Introduction Consider shapes of configurations of points in Euclidean space. There are various contexts in which k labelled points (or "landmarks") x 1 ; :::; x k in IR m are given
Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models
, 2000
"... In this paper we develop some statistical theory for factor models of large dimensions. The focus is the determination of the number of factors, which is an unresolved issue in the rapidly growing literature on multifactor models. We propose a panel Cp criterion and show that the number of factors c ..."
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Cited by 538 (29 self)
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can be consistently estimated using the criterion. The theory is developed under the framework of large crosssections (N) and large time dimensions (T). No restriction is imposed on the relation between N and T. Simulations show that the proposed criterion yields almost precise estimates
Lag length selection and the construction of unit root tests with good size and power
 Econometrica
, 2001
"... It is widely known that when there are errors with a movingaverage root close to −1, a high order augmented autoregression is necessary for unit root tests to have good size, but that information criteria such as the AIC and the BIC tend to select a truncation lag (k) that is very small. We conside ..."
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Cited by 534 (14 self)
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It is widely known that when there are errors with a movingaverage root close to −1, a high order augmented autoregression is necessary for unit root tests to have good size, but that information criteria such as the AIC and the BIC tend to select a truncation lag (k) that is very small. We
An Adaptive EnergyEfficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
 SENSYS'03
, 2003
"... In this paper we describe TMAC, a contentionbased Medium Access Control protocol for wireless sensor networks. Applications for these networks have some characteristics (low message rate, insensitivity to latency) that can be exploited to reduce energy consumption by introducing an active/sleep du ..."
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Cited by 526 (13 self)
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In this paper we describe TMAC, a contentionbased Medium Access Control protocol for wireless sensor networks. Applications for these networks have some characteristics (low message rate, insensitivity to latency) that can be exploited to reduce energy consumption by introducing an active
Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment
 Phi Delta Kappan
, 1998
"... Raising the standards of learning that are achieved through school education is an important national priority. Governments have been vigorous in the last ten years in making changes in pursuit of this aim. National curriculum testing, the development of the GCSE, league tables of school performance ..."
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Cited by 533 (7 self)
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performance, initiatives to improve school planning and management, target setting, more frequent and thorough inspection; these are all means to the end. But the sum of all of these doesn’t add up to an effective policy because something is missing. Learning is driven by what teachers and pupils do
Results 1  10
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