Results 1  10
of
1,222,277
PASS Approximation: A Framework for Analyzing and Designing Heuristics
, 2009
"... We introduce a new framework for designing and analyzing algorithms. Our framework applies best to problems that are inapproximable according to the standard worstcase analysis. We circumvent such negative results by designing guarantees for classes of instances, parameterized according to properti ..."
Abstract

Cited by 3 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
to properties of the optimal solution. Given our parameterized approximation, called PArametrized by the Signature of the Solution (PASS) approximation, we design algorithms with optimal approximation ratios for problems with additive and submodular objective functions such as the capacitated maximum facility
Convergent Treereweighted Message Passing for Energy Minimization
 ACCEPTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE (PAMI), 2006. ABSTRACTACCEPTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE (PAMI)
, 2006
"... Algorithms for discrete energy minimization are of fundamental importance in computer vision. In this paper we focus on the recent technique proposed by Wainwright et al. [33] treereweighted maxproduct message passing (TRW). It was inspired by the problem of maximizing a lower bound on the energy ..."
Abstract

Cited by 491 (16 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Algorithms for discrete energy minimization are of fundamental importance in computer vision. In this paper we focus on the recent technique proposed by Wainwright et al. [33] treereweighted maxproduct message passing (TRW). It was inspired by the problem of maximizing a lower bound
The space complexity of approximating the frequency moments
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTER AND SYSTEM SCIENCES
, 1996
"... The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly, ..."
Abstract

Cited by 855 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly
A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
Abstract

Cited by 778 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
hard. We prove that (1 \Gamma o(1)) ln n is a threshold below which set cover cannot be approximated efficiently, unless NP has slightly superpolynomial time algorithms. This closes the gap (up to low order terms) between the ratio of approximation achievable by the greedy algorithm (which is (1 \Gamma
Loopy Belief Propagation for Approximate Inference: An Empirical Study
 In Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI
, 1999
"... Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation"  the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops  can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performa ..."
Abstract

Cited by 680 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
limit performance of "Turbo Codes"  codes whose decoding algorithm is equivalent to loopy belief propagation in a chainstructured Bayesian network. In this paper we ask: is there something special about the errorcorrecting code context, or does loopy propagation work as an approximate
Greedy Function Approximation: A Gradient Boosting Machine
 Annals of Statistics
, 2000
"... Function approximation is viewed from the perspective of numerical optimization in function space, rather than parameter space. A connection is made between stagewise additive expansions and steepest{descent minimization. A general gradient{descent \boosting" paradigm is developed for additi ..."
Abstract

Cited by 951 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Function approximation is viewed from the perspective of numerical optimization in function space, rather than parameter space. A connection is made between stagewise additive expansions and steepest{descent minimization. A general gradient{descent \boosting" paradigm is developed
A Guided Tour to Approximate String Matching
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1999
"... We survey the current techniques to cope with the problem of string matching allowing errors. This is becoming a more and more relevant issue for many fast growing areas such as information retrieval and computational biology. We focus on online searching and mostly on edit distance, explaining t ..."
Abstract

Cited by 584 (38 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We survey the current techniques to cope with the problem of string matching allowing errors. This is becoming a more and more relevant issue for many fast growing areas such as information retrieval and computational biology. We focus on online searching and mostly on edit distance, explaining the problem and its relevance, its statistical behavior, its history and current developments, and the central ideas of the algorithms and their complexities. We present a number of experiments to compare the performance of the different algorithms and show which are the best choices according to each case. We conclude with some future work directions and open problems.
Data Streams: Algorithms and Applications
, 2005
"... In the data stream scenario, input arrives very rapidly and there is limited memory to store the input. Algorithms have to work with one or few passes over the data, space less than linear in the input size or time significantly less than the input size. In the past few years, a new theory has emerg ..."
Abstract

Cited by 538 (22 self)
 Add to MetaCart
emerged for reasoning about algorithms that work within these constraints on space, time, and number of passes. Some of the methods rely on metric embeddings, pseudorandom computations, sparse approximation theory and communication complexity. The applications for this scenario include IP network traffic
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1787 (72 self)
 Add to MetaCart
computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
Results 1  10
of
1,222,277