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Formalising trust as a computational concept
, 1994
"... Trust is a judgement of unquestionable utility — as humans we use it every day of our lives. However, trust has suffered from an imperfect understanding, a plethora of definitions, and informal use in the literature and in everyday life. It is common to say “I trust you, ” but what does that mean? T ..."
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Cited by 518 (5 self)
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Trust is a judgement of unquestionable utility — as humans we use it every day of our lives. However, trust has suffered from an imperfect understanding, a plethora of definitions, and informal use in the literature and in everyday life. It is common to say “I trust you, ” but what does that mean? This thesis provides a clarification of trust. We present a formalism for trust which provides us with a tool for precise discussion. The formalism is implementable: it can be embedded in an artificial agent, enabling the agent to make trustbased decisions. Its applicability in the domain of Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) is raised. The thesis presents a testbed populated by simple trusting agents which substantiates the utility of the formalism. The formalism provides a step in the direction of a proper understanding and definition of human trust. A contribution of the thesis is its detailed exploration of the possibilities of future work in the area. Summary 1. Overview This thesis presents an overview of trust as a social phenomenon and discusses it formally. It argues that trust is: • A means for understanding and adapting to the complexity of the environment. • A means of providing added robustness to independent agents. • A useful judgement in the light of experience of the behaviour of others. • Applicable to inanimate others. The thesis argues these points from the point of view of artificial agents. Trust in an artificial agent is a means of providing an additional tool for the consideration of other agents and the environment in which it exists. Moreover, a formalisation of trust enables the embedding of the concept into an artificial agent. This has been done, and is documented in the thesis. 2. Exposition There are places in the thesis where it is necessary to give a broad outline before going deeper. In consequence it may seem that the subject is not receiving a thorough treatment, or that too much is being discussed at one time! (This is particularly apparent in the first and second chapters.) To present a thorough understanding of trust, we have proceeded breadth first in the introductory chapters. Chapter 3 expands, depth first, presenting critical views of established researchers.
Community detection in graphs
, 2009
"... The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of th ..."
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Cited by 801 (1 self)
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The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of the same cluster and comparatively few edges joining vertices of different clusters. Such
Synchronization and linearity: an algebra for discrete event systems
, 2001
"... The first edition of this book was published in 1992 by Wiley (ISBN 0 471 93609 X). Since this book is now out of print, and to answer the request of several colleagues, the authors have decided to make it available freely on the Web, while retaining the copyright, for the benefit of the scientific ..."
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Cited by 369 (11 self)
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The first edition of this book was published in 1992 by Wiley (ISBN 0 471 93609 X). Since this book is now out of print, and to answer the request of several colleagues, the authors have decided to make it available freely on the Web, while retaining the copyright, for the benefit of the scientific community. Copyright Statement This electronic document is in PDF format. One needs Acrobat Reader (available freely for most platforms from the Adobe web site) to benefit from the full interactive machinery: using the package hyperref by Sebastian Rahtz, the table of contents and all LATEX crossreferences are automatically converted into clickable hyperlinks, bookmarks are generated automatically, etc.. So, do not hesitate to click on references to equation or section numbers, on items of thetableofcontents and of the index, etc.. One may freely use and print this document for one’s own purpose or even distribute it freely, but not commercially, provided it is distributed in its entirety and without modifications, including this preface and copyright statement. Any use of thecontents should be acknowledged according to the standard scientific practice. The
The Hero with a Thousand Faces
, 1972
"... Botiingen Foundation, andpttt.!.,.: b % / ,.,;:,c,m B<,.ik.*, second ..."
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Cited by 353 (0 self)
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Botiingen Foundation, andpttt.!.,.: b % / ,.,;:,c,m B<,.ik.*, second
Variations on Cops and Robbers
"... We consider several variants of the classical Cops and Robbers game. We treat the version where the robber can move R> 1 edges at a time, establishing a general upper bound of n/α (1−o(1))√logα n 1, where α = 1 + R, thus generalizing the best known upper bound for the classical case R = 1 due to ..."
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Cited by 10 (1 self)
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We consider several variants of the classical Cops and Robbers game. We treat the version where the robber can move R> 1 edges at a time, establishing a general upper bound of n/α (1−o(1))√logα n 1, where α = 1 + R, thus generalizing the best known upper bound for the classical case R = 1 due
Practical Graph Isomorphism
, 1981
"... We develop an improved algorithm for canonically labelling a graph and finding generators for its automorph.ism grou.p. The emphasis i, on th.e power of the algorithm for,01 fling pr4ctical problem.t, rather than on the theoretical n,icetiu of tJu algo rith.m. Th.e nsult is a.n implementa.tion wh.ic ..."
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Cited by 334 (7 self)
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We develop an improved algorithm for canonically labelling a graph and finding generators for its automorph.ism grou.p. The emphasis i, on th.e power of the algorithm for,01 fling pr4ctical problem.t, rather than on the theoretical n,icetiu of tJu algo rith.m. Th.e nsult is a.n implementa.tion wh.ich011.11. 11I.ccel8/w.ly hll.ndle many grll.ph. & with. II. thot/.,1a.nd or m ore vertice~, a.nd i & ver y likely the most powerful graphisomorphism program currently in use.
Extending the Database Relational Model to Capture More Meaning
 ACM Transactions on Database Systems
, 1979
"... During the last three or four years several investigators have been exploring “semantic models ” for formatted databases. The intent is to capture (in a more or less formal way) more of the meaning of the data so that database design can become more systematic and the database system itself can beha ..."
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Cited by 333 (2 self)
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During the last three or four years several investigators have been exploring “semantic models ” for formatted databases. The intent is to capture (in a more or less formal way) more of the meaning of the data so that database design can become more systematic and the database system itself can behave more intelligently. Two major thrusts are clear: (I) the search for meaningful units that are as small as possibleatomic semantics; (2) the search for meaningful units that are larger than the usual nary relationmolecular semantics. In this paper we propose extensions to the relational model to support certain atomic and molecular semantics. These extensions represent a synthesis of many ideas from the published work in semantic modeling plus the introduction of new rules for insertion, update, and deletion, as well as new algebraic operators.
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