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Symbolic Model Checking without BDDs
, 1999
"... Symbolic Model Checking [3, 14] has proven to be a powerful technique for the verification of reactive systems. BDDs [2] have traditionally been used as a symbolic representation of the system. In this paper we show how boolean decision procedures, like Stalmarck's Method [16] or the Davis ..."
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Cited by 910 (74 self)
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& Putnam Procedure [7], can replace BDDs. This new technique avoids the space blow up of BDDs, generates counterexamples much faster, and sometimes speeds up the verification. In addition, it produces counterexamples of minimal length. We introduce a bounded model checking procedure for LTL
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 574 (50 self)
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We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given
Model Checking for Programming Languages using VeriSoft
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 24TH ACM SYMPOSIUM ON PRINCIPLES OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
, 1997
"... Verification by statespace exploration, also often referred to as "model checking", is an effective method for analyzing the correctness of concurrent reactive systems (e.g., communication protocols). Unfortunately, existing modelchecking techniques are restricted to the verification of ..."
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Cited by 442 (13 self)
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of properties of models, i.e., abstractions, of concurrent systems. In this paper, we discuss how model checking can be extended to deal directly with "actual" descriptions of concurrent systems, e.g., implementations of communication protocols written in programming languages such as C or C++. We
The C Programming Language
, 1988
"... The C programming language was devised in the early 1970s as a system implementation language for the nascent Unix operating system. Derived from the typeless language BCPL, it evolved a type structure; created on a tiny machine as a tool to improve a meager programming environment, it has become on ..."
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Cited by 1527 (16 self)
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The C programming language was devised in the early 1970s as a system implementation language for the nascent Unix operating system. Derived from the typeless language BCPL, it evolved a type structure; created on a tiny machine as a tool to improve a meager programming environment, it has become
P.: Software verification using kinduction
 In: Proceedings of the 18th International Static Analysis Symposium (SAS’11). Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 2011
"... Abstract. We present combinedcase kinduction, a novel technique for verifying software programs. This technique draws on the strengths of the classical inductiveinvariant method and a recent application of kinduction to program verification. In previous work, correctness of programs was establi ..."
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Cited by 11 (4 self)
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verifier for C programs built on top of the CBMC model checker, and KBOOGIE, an extension of the Boogie tool. Our experiments, using a large set of benchmarks, demonstrate that our kinduction technique frequently allows program verification to succeed using significantly weaker loop invariants than
Regression Shrinkage and Selection Via the Lasso
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1994
"... We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactl ..."
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Cited by 4055 (51 self)
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We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients
An Overview of the C++ Programming Language
, 1999
"... This overview of C++ presents the key design, programming, and languagetechnical concepts using examples to give the reader a feel for the language. C++ is a generalpurpose programming language with a bias towards systems programming that supports efficient lowlevel computation, data abstraction, ..."
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Cited by 1766 (15 self)
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This overview of C++ presents the key design, programming, and languagetechnical concepts using examples to give the reader a feel for the language. C++ is a generalpurpose programming language with a bias towards systems programming that supports efficient lowlevel computation, data abstraction
The program dependence graph and its use in optimization
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1987
"... In this paper we present an intermediate program representation, called the program dependence graph (PDG), that makes explicit both the data and control dependence5 for each operation in a program. Data dependences have been used to represent only the relevant data flow relationships of a program. ..."
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Cited by 989 (3 self)
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and data dependences. Program transformations that require interaction of the two dependence types can also be easily handled with our representation. As an example, an incremental approach to modifying data dependences resulting from branch deletion or loop unrolling is introduced. The PDG supports
Parametric Shape Analysis via 3Valued Logic
, 2001
"... Shape Analysis concerns the problem of determining "shape invariants"... ..."
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Cited by 660 (79 self)
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Shape Analysis concerns the problem of determining "shape invariants"...
Theory and Practice of Constraint Handling Rules
, 1998
"... Constraint Handling Rules (CHR) are our proposal to allow more flexibility and applicationoriented customization of constraint systems. CHR are a declarative language extension especially designed for writing userdefined constraints. CHR are essentially a committedchoice language consisting of mu ..."
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Cited by 459 (36 self)
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Constraint Handling Rules (CHR) are our proposal to allow more flexibility and applicationoriented customization of constraint systems. CHR are a declarative language extension especially designed for writing userdefined constraints. CHR are essentially a committedchoice language consisting
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