Results 1  10
of
148,470
Auction Theory: A Guide to the Literature
 JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC SURVEYS
, 1999
"... This paper provides an elementary, nontechnical, survey of auction theory, by introducing and describing some of the critical papers in the subject. (The most important of these are reproduced in a companion book, The Economic Theory of Auctions, Paul Klemperer (ed.), Edward Elgar (pub.), forthco ..."
Abstract

Cited by 528 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
, incentive contracts, and other topics. Appendices contain technical details, some simple worked examples, and a bibliography for each section.
Awareness and Coordination in Shared Workspaces
 Proc. of the Conf. on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW´92
, 1992
"... Awareness of individual and group activities is critical to successful collaboration and is commonly supported in CSCW systems by active, information generation mechanisms separate from the shared workspace. These mechanisms pena~ise information providers, presuppose relevance to the recipient, an ..."
Abstract

Cited by 790 (14 self)
 Add to MetaCart
mechanisms promise effective support for collaboration requiring this sort of behaviour, whilst avoiding problems with active approaches.
Formalising trust as a computational concept
, 1994
"... Trust is a judgement of unquestionable utility — as humans we use it every day of our lives. However, trust has suffered from an imperfect understanding, a plethora of definitions, and informal use in the literature and in everyday life. It is common to say “I trust you, ” but what does that mean? T ..."
Abstract

Cited by 518 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
robustness to independent agents. • A useful judgement in the light of experience of the behaviour of others. • Applicable to inanimate others. The thesis argues these points from the point of view of artificial agents. Trust in an artificial agent is a means of providing an additional tool
Basic concepts and taxonomy of dependable and secure computing
 IEEE TDSC
, 2004
"... This paper gives the main definitions relating to dependability, a generic concept including as special case such attributes as reliability, availability, safety, integrity, maintainability, etc. Security brings in concerns for confidentiality, in addition to availability and integrity. Basic defin ..."
Abstract

Cited by 758 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
). The aim is to explicate a set of general concepts, of relevance across a wide range of situations and, therefore, helping communication and cooperation among a number of scientific and technical communities, including ones that are concentrating on particular types of system, of system failures
A Roadmap of Agent Research and Development
 INT JOURNAL OF AUTONOMOUS AGENTS AND MULTIAGENT SYSTEMS
, 1998
"... This paper provides an overview of research and development activities in the field of autonomous agents and multiagent systems. It aims to identify key concepts and applications, and to indicate how they relate to oneanother. Some historical context to the field of agentbased computing is give ..."
Abstract

Cited by 508 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper provides an overview of research and development activities in the field of autonomous agents and multiagent systems. It aims to identify key concepts and applications, and to indicate how they relate to oneanother. Some historical context to the field of agentbased computing is given, and contemporary research directions are presented. Finally, a range of open issues and future challenges are highlighted.
HumanComputer Interaction
, 1993
"... www.bcshci.org.uk Find out what happened at HCI2004 Interacting with … music aeroplanes petrol pumps Published by the British HCI Group • ISSN 1351119X 1 ..."
Abstract

Cited by 582 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
www.bcshci.org.uk Find out what happened at HCI2004 Interacting with … music aeroplanes petrol pumps Published by the British HCI Group • ISSN 1351119X 1
Accurate Unlexicalized Parsing
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 41ST ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS
, 2003
"... We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more accurately than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1026 (70 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more accurately than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
Abstract

Cited by 766 (29 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propose a method to approach this problem by trying to estimate a function f which is positive on S and negative on the complement. The functional form of f is given by a kernel expansion in terms of a potentially small subset of the training data; it is regularized by controlling the length of the weight vector in an associated feature space. The expansion coefficients are found by solving a quadratic programming problem, which we do by carrying out sequential optimization over pairs of input patterns. We also provide a preliminary theoretical analysis of the statistical performance of our algorithm. The algorithm is a natural extension of the support vector algorithm to the case of unlabelled d...
ERC  A Theory of Equity, Reciprocity and Competition
 FORTHCOMING AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW
, 1999
"... We demonstrate that a simple model, constructed on the premise that people are motivated by both their pecuniary payoff and their relative payoff standing, explains behavior in a wide variety of laboratory games. Included are games where equity is thought to be a factor, such as ultimatum, twoperio ..."
Abstract

Cited by 699 (21 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We demonstrate that a simple model, constructed on the premise that people are motivated by both their pecuniary payoff and their relative payoff standing, explains behavior in a wide variety of laboratory games. Included are games where equity is thought to be a factor, such as ultimatum, twoperiod alternating offer, and dictator games; games where reciprocity is thought to play a role, such as the prisoner’s dilemma and the gift exchange game; and games where competitive behavior is observed, such as Bertrand and Cournot markets, and the guessing game.
Results 1  10
of
148,470