Results 1 - 10 of 61,915
"... The JPEG standard (ISO / IEC 10918-1 ITU-T Recommendation T.81) defines compression techniques for image data. As a consequence, it allows to store and transfer image data with considerably reduced demand for storage space and bandwidth. From the four processes provided in the JPEG standard, only on ..."
Abstract - Cited by 1 (0 self) - Add to MetaCart
one, the baseline process is widely used. In this paper FPGA based High speed, low complexity and low memory implementation of JPEG decoder is presented. The pipeline implementation of the system, allow decompressing multiple image blocks simultaneously. The hardware decoder is designed to operate
- Communications of the ACM , 1991
"... This paper is a revised version of an article by the same title and author which appeared in the April 1991 issue of Communications of the ACM. For the past few years, a joint ISO/CCITT committee known as JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) has been working to establish the first international c ..."
Abstract - Cited by 1130 (0 self) - Add to MetaCart
with various modes of operation. A DCT-based method is specified for “lossy’ ’ compression, and a predictive method for “lossless’ ’ compression. JPEG features a simple lossy technique known as the Baseline method, a subset of the other DCT-based modes of operation. The Baseline method has been by far the most
- Computational Linguistics , 2007
"... We present a statistical machine translation model that uses hierarchical phrases—phrases that contain subphrases. The model is formally a synchronous context-free grammar but is learned from a parallel text without any syntactic annotations. Thus it can be seen as combining fundamental ideas from b ..."
Abstract - Cited by 590 (9 self) - Add to MetaCart
both syntax-based translation and phrase-based translation. We describe our system’s training and decoding methods in detail, and evaluate it for translation speed and translation accuracy. Using BLEU as a metric of translation accuracy, we find that our system performs significantly better than
- IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING , 2004
"... Objective methods for assessing perceptual image quality have traditionally attempted to quantify the visibility of errors between a distorted image and a reference image using a variety of known properties of the human visual system. Under the assumption that human visual perception is highly adapt ..."
Abstract - Cited by 1448 (108 self) - Add to MetaCart
adapted for extracting structural information from a scene, we introduce an alternative framework for quality assessment based on the degradation of structural information. As a specific example of this concept, we develop a Structural Similarity Index and demonstrate its promise through a set
"... The World Wide Web has succeeded in large part because its software architecture has been designed to meet the needs of an Internet-scale distributed hypermedia system. The Web has been iteratively developed over the past ten years through a series of modifications to the standards that define its ..."
Abstract - Cited by 1087 (1 self) - Add to MetaCart
the architectural design of network-based application software through principled use of architectural constraints, thereby obtaining the functional, performance, and social properties desired of an architecture. An architectural style is a named, coordinated set of architectural constraints. This dissertation
- Computer Speech and Language , 1998
"... This paper examines the application of linear transformations for speaker and environmental adaptation in an HMM-based speech recognition system. In particular, transformations that are trained in a maximum likelihood sense on adaptation data are investigated. Other than in the form of a simple bias ..."
Abstract - Cited by 539 (65 self) - Add to MetaCart
This paper examines the application of linear transformations for speaker and environmental adaptation in an HMM-based speech recognition system. In particular, transformations that are trained in a maximum likelihood sense on adaptation data are investigated. Other than in the form of a simple
- IEEE TRANS. INF. THEORY , 2003
"... We develop and analyze space–time coded cooperative diversity protocols for combating multipath fading across multiple protocol layers in a wireless network. The protocols exploit spatial diversity available among a collection of distributed terminals that relay messages for one another in such a m ..."
Abstract - Cited by 608 (5 self) - Add to MetaCart
utilize a space-time code to cooperatively relay to the destination. We demonstrate that these protocols achieve full spatial diversity in the number of cooperating terminals, not just the number of decoding relays, and can be used effectively for higher spectral efficiencies than repetition-based schemes
- In ACL , 2005
"... Most current statistical natural language processing models use only local features so as to permit dynamic programming in inference, but this makes them unable to fully account for the long distance structure that is prevalent in language use. We show how to solve this dilemma with Gibbs sampling, ..."
Abstract - Cited by 696 (25 self) - Add to MetaCart
, a simple Monte Carlo method used to perform approximate inference in factored probabilistic models. By using simulated annealing in place of Viterbi decoding in sequence models such as HMMs, CMMs, and CRFs, it is possible to incorporate non-local structure while preserving tractable inference. We
- IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY , 2004
"... We develop and analyze low-complexity cooperative diversity protocols that combat fading induced by multipath propagation in wireless networks. The underlying techniques exploit space diversity available through cooperating terminals’ relaying signals for one another. We outline several strategies ..."
Abstract - Cited by 1942 (31 self) - Add to MetaCart
employed by the cooperating radios, including fixed relaying schemes such as amplify-and-forward and decode-and-forward, selection relaying schemes that adapt based upon channel measurements between the cooperating terminals, and incremental relaying schemes that adapt based upon limited feedback from
"... With network coding, intermediate nodes between the source and the receivers of an end-to-end communication session are not only capable of relaying and replicating data messages, but also of coding incoming messages to produce coded outgoing ones. Recent studies have shown that network coding is ..."
Abstract - Cited by 1017 (23 self) - Add to MetaCart
is beneficial for peer-to-peer content distribution, since it eliminates the need for content reconciliation, and is highly resilient to peer failures. In this paper, we present our recent experiences with a highly optimized and high-performance C++ implementation of randomized network coding at the application