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The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory
, 1999
"... Statistical learning theory was introduced in the late 1960’s. Until the 1990’s it was a purely theoretical analysis of the problem of function estimation from a given collection of data. In the middle of the 1990’s new types of learning algorithms (called support vector machines) based on the deve ..."
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Cited by 12234 (27 self)
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Statistical learning theory was introduced in the late 1960’s. Until the 1990’s it was a purely theoretical analysis of the problem of function estimation from a given collection of data. In the middle of the 1990’s new types of learning algorithms (called support vector machines) based on the developed theory were proposed. This made statistical learning theory not only a tool for the theoretical analysis but also a tool for creating practical algorithms for estimating multidimensional functions. This article presents a very general overview of statistical learning theory including both theoretical and algorithmic aspects of the theory. The goal of this overview is to demonstrate how the abstract learning theory established conditions for generalization which are more general than those discussed in classical statistical paradigms and how the understanding of these conditions inspired new algorithmic approaches to function estimation problems. A more
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11057 (14 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situations, applications to grouped, censored or truncated data, finite mixture models, variance component estimation, hyperparameter estimation, iteratively reweighted least squares and factor analysis.
Robust Realtime Object Detection
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 2001
"... This paper describes a visual object detection framework that is capable of processing images extremely rapidly while achieving high detection rates. There are three key contributions. The first is the introduction of a new image representation called the “Integral Image ” which allows the features ..."
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Cited by 1111 (4 self)
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background regions of the image to be quickly discarded while spending more computation on promising objectlike regions. A set of experiments in the domain of face detection are presented. The system yields face detection performace comparable to the best previous systems [18, 13, 16, 12, 1]. Implemented
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 572 (50 self)
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We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given
W4: Realtime surveillance of people and their activities
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2000
"... w4 is a real time visual surveillance system for detecting and tracking multiple people and monitoring their activities in an outdoor environment. It operates on monocular grayscale video imagery, or on video imagery from an infrared camera. W4 employs a combination of shape analysis and tracking t ..."
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Cited by 649 (7 self)
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w4 is a real time visual surveillance system for detecting and tracking multiple people and monitoring their activities in an outdoor environment. It operates on monocular grayscale video imagery, or on video imagery from an infrared camera. W4 employs a combination of shape analysis and tracking
RealTime Systems
, 2000
"... Collision avoidance is an important topic in multirobot systems. Existing multirobot pathfinding approaches ignore sideswipe collisions among robots (i.e., only consider the collision which two agents try to occupy the same node during the same timestep) [1, 3, 4], and allow diagonal move between ..."
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Cited by 566 (11 self)
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Collision avoidance is an important topic in multirobot systems. Existing multirobot pathfinding approaches ignore sideswipe collisions among robots (i.e., only consider the collision which two agents try to occupy the same node during the same timestep) [1, 3, 4], and allow diagonal move
Learning Patterns of Activity Using RealTime Tracking
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2000
"... Our goal is to develop a visual monitoring system that passively observes moving objects in a site and learns patterns of activity from those observations. For extended sites, the system will require multiple cameras. Thus, key elements of the system are motion tracking, camera coordination, activit ..."
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Cited by 833 (10 self)
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Our goal is to develop a visual monitoring system that passively observes moving objects in a site and learns patterns of activity from those observations. For extended sites, the system will require multiple cameras. Thus, key elements of the system are motion tracking, camera coordination
Network Time Protocol (Version 3) Specification, Implementation and Analysis
, 1992
"... Note: This document consists of an approximate rendering in ASCII of the PostScript document of the same name. It is provided for convenience and for use in searches, etc. However, most tables, figures, equations and captions have not been rendered and the pagination and section headings are not ava ..."
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Cited by 514 (18 self)
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are not available. This document describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP), specifies its formal structure and summarizes information useful for its implementation. NTP provides the mechanisms to synchronize time and coordinate time distribution in a large, diverse internet operating at rates from mundane
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