Results 1  10
of
1,736,967
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
Abstract

Cited by 11057 (14 self)
 Add to MetaCart
A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value
Model checking and abstraction
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1994
"... software developers are using the Java language as the language of choice on many applications. This is due to the effective use of the objectoriented (OO) paradigm to develop large software projects and the ability of the Java language to support the increasing use of web technologies in business ..."
Abstract

Cited by 733 (55 self)
 Add to MetaCart
written in Java 1.4.x and Java 1.5.x to identify the distribution of groups used by developers. We use the data from the study to create prediction models that would allow developers to estimate the number of different groups of classes, fields and methods that are expected to be generated for large Java
Extended Static Checking for Java
, 2002
"... Software development and maintenance are costly endeavors. The cost can be reduced if more software defects are detected earlier in the development cycle. This paper introduces the Extended Static Checker for Java (ESC/Java), an experimental compiletime program checker that finds common programming ..."
Abstract

Cited by 613 (22 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Software development and maintenance are costly endeavors. The cost can be reduced if more software defects are detected earlier in the development cycle. This paper introduces the Extended Static Checker for Java (ESC/Java), an experimental compiletime program checker that finds common programming errors. The checker is powered by verificationcondition generation and automatic theoremproving techniques. It provides programmers with a simple annotation language with which programmer design decisions can be expressed formally. ESC/Java examines the annotated software and warns of inconsistencies between the design decisions recorded in the annotations and the actual code, and also warns of potential runtime errors in the code. This paper gives an overview of the checker architecture and annotation language and describes our experience applying the checker to tens of thousands of lines of Java programs.
LowDensity ParityCheck Codes
, 1963
"... Preface The Noisy Channel Coding Theorem discovered by C. E. Shannon in 1948 offered communication engineers the possibility of reducing error rates on noisy channels to negligible levels without sacrificing data rates. The primary obstacle to the practical use of this theorem has been the equipment ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1277 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Preface The Noisy Channel Coding Theorem discovered by C. E. Shannon in 1948 offered communication engineers the possibility of reducing error rates on noisy channels to negligible levels without sacrificing data rates. The primary obstacle to the practical use of this theorem has been
Model Checking Programs
, 2003
"... The majority of work carried out in the formal methods community throughout the last three decades has (for good reasons) been devoted to special languages designed to make it easier to experiment with mechanized formal methods such as theorem provers, proof checkers and model checkers. In this pape ..."
Abstract

Cited by 561 (63 self)
 Add to MetaCart
environment for Java, called Java PathFinder (JPF), which integrates model checking, program analysis and testing. Part of this work has consisted of building a new Java Virtual Machine that interprets Java bytecode. JPF uses state compression to handle big states, and partial order and symmetry reduction
Data Integration: A Theoretical Perspective
 Symposium on Principles of Database Systems
, 2002
"... Data integration is the problem of combining data residing at different sources, and providing the user with a unified view of these data. The problem of designing data integration systems is important in current real world applications, and is characterized by a number of issues that are interestin ..."
Abstract

Cited by 921 (49 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Data integration is the problem of combining data residing at different sources, and providing the user with a unified view of these data. The problem of designing data integration systems is important in current real world applications, and is characterized by a number of issues
Symbolic Model Checking: 10^20 States and Beyond
, 1992
"... Many different methods have been devised for automatically verifying finite state systems by examining stategraph models of system behavior. These methods all depend on decision procedures that explicitly represent the state space using a list or a table that grows in proportion to the number of st ..."
Abstract

Cited by 735 (35 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Binary Decision Diagrams (Bryant, R. E., 1986, IEEE Trans. Comput. C35) to represent relations and formulas. We then show how our new MuCalculus model checking algorithm can be used to derive efficient decision procedures for CTL model checking, satistiability of lineartime temporal logic formulas
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
Abstract

Cited by 572 (50 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given
Symbolic Model Checking without BDDs
, 1999
"... Symbolic Model Checking [3, 14] has proven to be a powerful technique for the verification of reactive systems. BDDs [2] have traditionally been used as a symbolic representation of the system. In this paper we show how boolean decision procedures, like Stalmarck's Method [16] or the Davis ..."
Abstract

Cited by 890 (70 self)
 Add to MetaCart
which reduces model checking to propositional satisfiability. We show that bounded LTL model checking can be done without a tableau construction. We have implemented a model checker BMC, based on bounded model checking, and preliminary results are presented.
The quadtree and related hierarchical data structures
 ACM Computing Surveys
, 1984
"... A tutorial survey is presented of the quadtree and related hierarchical data structures. They are based on the principle of recursive decomposition. The emphasis is on the representation of data used in applications in image processing, computer graphics, geographic information systems, and robotics ..."
Abstract

Cited by 515 (11 self)
 Add to MetaCart
A tutorial survey is presented of the quadtree and related hierarchical data structures. They are based on the principle of recursive decomposition. The emphasis is on the representation of data used in applications in image processing, computer graphics, geographic information systems
Results 1  10
of
1,736,967