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598,024
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11674 (17 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situations, applications to grouped, censored or truncated data, finite mixture models, variance component estimation, hyperparameter estimation, iteratively reweighted least squares and factor analysis.
Knowledge acquisition via incremental conceptual clustering
 Machine Learning
, 1987
"... hill climbing Abstract. Conceptual clustering is an important way of summarizing and explaining data. However, the recent formulation of this paradigm has allowed little exploration of conceptual clustering as a means of improving performance. Furthermore, previous work in conceptual clustering has ..."
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Cited by 731 (7 self)
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hill climbing Abstract. Conceptual clustering is an important way of summarizing and explaining data. However, the recent formulation of this paradigm has allowed little exploration of conceptual clustering as a means of improving performance. Furthermore, previous work in conceptual clustering has
Pin: building customized program analysis tools with dynamic instrumentation
 In PLDI ’05: Proceedings of the 2005 ACM SIGPLAN conference on Programming language design and implementation
, 2005
"... Robust and powerful software instrumentation tools are essential for program analysis tasks such as profiling, performance evaluation, and bug detection. To meet this need, we have developed a new instrumentation system called Pin. Our goals are to provide easytouse, portable, transparent, and eff ..."
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Cited by 909 (34 self)
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for Linux platforms on four architectures: IA32 (32bit x86), EM64T (64bit x86), Itanium R ○ , and ARM. In the ten months since Pin 2 was released in July 2004, there have been over 3000 downloads from its website. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.2.5 [Software Engineering]: Testing and Debugging
Modular elliptic curves and Fermat’s Last Theorem
 ANNALS OF MATH
, 1995
"... When Andrew John Wiles was 10 years old, he read Eric Temple Bell’s The Last Problem and was so impressed by it that he decided that he would be the first person to prove Fermat’s Last Theorem. This theorem states that there are no nonzero integers a, b, c, n with n> 2 such that a n + b n = c n ..."
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Cited by 606 (1 self)
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When Andrew John Wiles was 10 years old, he read Eric Temple Bell’s The Last Problem and was so impressed by it that he decided that he would be the first person to prove Fermat’s Last Theorem. This theorem states that there are no nonzero integers a, b, c, n with n> 2 such that a n + b n = c
The Structuring of Organizations
, 1979
"... r..... ".".• Tk. · i t/ iJ ~.'v"'~~. n.~~ f ~)/td { " / '177 Contents i ..."
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Cited by 487 (0 self)
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r..... ".".• Tk. · i t/ iJ ~.'v"'~~. n.~~ f ~)/td { " / '177 Contents i
A Conceptual Framework and a Toolkit for Supporting the Rapid Prototyping of ContextAware Applications
, 2001
"... Computing devices and applications are now used beyond the desktop, in diverse environments, and this trend toward ubiquitous computing is accelerating. One challenge that remains in this emerging research field is the ability to enhance the behavior of any application by informing it of the context ..."
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Cited by 857 (28 self)
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removed from that vision. This is due to three main problems: (1) the notion of context is still ill defined; (2) there is a lack of conceptual models and methods to help drive the design of contextaware applications; and (3) no tools are available to jumpstart the development of context
An Optimal Algorithm for Approximate Nearest Neighbor Searching in Fixed Dimensions
 ACMSIAM SYMPOSIUM ON DISCRETE ALGORITHMS
, 1994
"... Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any po ..."
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Cited by 974 (32 self)
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Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any
ATTENTION, INTENTIONS, AND THE STRUCTURE OF DISCOURSE
, 1986
"... In this paper we explore a new theory of discourse structure that stresses the role of purpose and processing in discourse. In this theory, discourse structure is composed of three separate but interrelated components: the structure of the sequence of utterances (called the linguistic structure), a ..."
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Cited by 1213 (45 self)
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In this paper we explore a new theory of discourse structure that stresses the role of purpose and processing in discourse. In this theory, discourse structure is composed of three separate but interrelated components: the structure of the sequence of utterances (called the linguistic structure
The structure and function of complex networks
 SIAM REVIEW
, 2003
"... Inspired by empirical studies of networked systems such as the Internet, social networks, and biological networks, researchers have in recent years developed a variety of techniques and models to help us understand or predict the behavior of these systems. Here we review developments in this field, ..."
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Cited by 2417 (7 self)
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Inspired by empirical studies of networked systems such as the Internet, social networks, and biological networks, researchers have in recent years developed a variety of techniques and models to help us understand or predict the behavior of these systems. Here we review developments in this field, including such concepts as the smallworld effect, degree distributions, clustering, network correlations, random graph models, models of network growth and preferential attachment, and dynamical processes taking place on networks.
Results 1  10
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598,024